New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here


by: Sally Jast


Sally Jast
GPA 3.64

David Garst

Almost Ready


These notes were just uploaded, and will be ready to view shortly.

Purchase these notes here, or revisit this page.

Either way, we'll remind you when they're ready :)

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

David Garst
Class Notes
25 ?




Popular in Course

Popular in Biology

This 8 page Class Notes was uploaded by Sally Jast on Wednesday September 30, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to BIOL 207 at Western Kentucky University taught by David Garst in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 8 views. For similar materials see /class/216720/biol-207-western-kentucky-university in Biology at Western Kentucky University.




Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 09/30/15
Biology 207 General Microbiology Hourly Exam II Study Guide Spring 2012 A Accqztable or Unacceptable Please read th e following statements and answer either A for true or B for false statements A 1 Metabolism is the sum of all chemical reactions performed by an organism B 2 Catabolism and be defmed as the biological synthesis building up of complex molecules from smaller simpler compounds electrons and energy A 3 NAD and NADP are two important electron carriers inside the cell A 4 Enzymes found inside cells are composed of Proteins A 5 The area on an enzyme s surface where a substrate molecule binds and is converted to product is called the active site A 6 Enzyme names typically end in ase B 7 The human body is an example of a batch culture A 8 The 3 D shape of a protein molecule is based upon the protein s type of amino acids present in the structure and their speci c sequence A 9 Genes are the fundamental units of heredity A 10 Acidophiles function optimally at a pH value below 55 A 11 The enzyme DNA gyrase helps to regulate the amount of supercoiling introduced into the structure of DNA A 12 A special instrument used during a direct count method is called the Petroff Hauser Chamber A 13 One of the indirect methods for determining the numbers of organisms present in a solution is the Plate count method B 14 In Prokaryotes the gene is interrupted A 15 Mesophiles tend to grow well between 20 40 degrees C A 16 Active Transport is the process utilized when the cell needs to transport materials against the concentration gradient A 17 Water serves as a solvent to carry nutrients to and waste products from the cell A 18 Chemotroph organisms derive energy from chemicals A 19 In DNA the base Thymine T always base pairs with the base Adenine A A 20 Nitrogen commonly supplied as ammonia NH4 is generally easier for most organisms to use as a source of Nitrogen compared with atmospheric Nitrogen A 21 F astidious microorganisms need special organic chemicals added to the medium For growth to occur B Multiple Choice Read th e following questions and place the letter corresponding to the correct answer in the blank provided D 22 Conditions which could affect the function of an enzyme molecule could be A pH B Salt C Temperature D All the above B 23 Which of the following can best be described as the biosynthesis of cellular components A Catabolism B Anabolism C Cannibalism D Oxidation E None of the above B 24 The following nucleatide base sequence was isolated from an unknown organism Based upon the following sequence C A G G U U A A A which of the following would be correct A The sequence is from a DNA source B The sequence is from an RNA source B 25 Many human pathogens could be classi ed as A Basophiles B Mesophiles C Acidophiles B 26 When considering Energy Sources for Microorganisms those that receive their energy from sunlight are termed A Chemotroph B Phototroph C Chemolithotroph A 27 Which of the following best describe catabolic reactions A They are Exergonic B They are Endergonic C They are Energy consuming D All of the above E None of the above B 28 Those organisms that function best at temperatures less that 20 degrees Celsius can be classi ed in which of the following groups A Mesophiles B Psychrophiles C Extreme Thermophiles D Thermophiles A 29 l 39 A Simple sugars B Amino acids C Glycerol D Fatty acids E None of the above id 1 of which of the following r E 30 Nucleic acids are composed of which of the following building block monomers A Simple sugars B Amino acids C Glycerol D Fatty acids E None of the above B 31 The degrading chemical reactions of Metabolism A Help to build complex molecules from simpler compounds B Are termed Exergonic C Are Endergonic Reactions A 32 Two imp01tant Electron Carrier molecules are NAD and NADP A True B False C 33 Which of the following Nucleotides are not present in the structure of DNA A C Cytosine B T Thymine C U Uracil D A Adenine A 34 Advantages of using bacteria to study genetics would include A They quickly generate many generations very quickly B They are genetically more complicated than Eukaryotic cells C Genetic material cannot be transferred from one cell to another D Bacterial studies require many resources in the laboratory A 35 Reduction Reactions involve A The Gain of electrons B The Loss of electrons A 36 Organisms which need special organic chemicals added to the medium for growth to occur could be classi ed as an A Fastidious microorganism B Psychrophile C Thermophile E 37 Plasmid DNA would contain genes for the following functions A Antibiotic Resistance B Plant tumor induction C Heavy metal resistance D None of the above E All of the above A 38 quotCatalasequot is likely composed of which of the following A Protein B Carbohydrate C Lipids D Cats E Nucleic acids B 39 Enzymes contain which of the following A Glycosidic linkages B Active sites C Glycerol D Nucleotides E All of the above D 40 Proteins are different from Lipids in which of the following ways A Proteins contain amino acids B Proteins take on a speci c shape based on their sequence of monomer units C Certain proteins can be enzymes D All of the above E None of the above C Matching Please match the items on the left with the correct response on the right E 41 Fundamental units of heredity B 42 Study of heredity and variation among organisms A 43 The genetic potential of the organism D 44 The outward appearance of the organism C 45 Small non essential circular piece of DNA in bacterial organisms A Genotype B Genetics C Plasmid D Phenotype E Gene A 46 Cells do not grow cells per volume do not increase B 47 Also called quotExponential phasequot C 48 Growth rate Death rate D 49 Very low concentration of Nutrients B 50 Cells per volume increase dramatically Lag phase Log phase Stationary phase Death phase COWS Biology 207 General Microbiology Review material for Hourly Exam III Sprig 2012 A Acceptable or Unacceptable Please read the following statements and answer either A gt gt U 39 gt U US CD gt US gt 39gt gt gt 39gt 39gt 39u gt gt 39gt 39u 39gt 39gt for 4 The membrane surrounding some viruses is called the Protomer true or B for false statements 1 A mutant is an organism that contains a mutation in it s genetic make up 2 The protein coat surrounding the nucleic acid core is called the Capsid 3 The Viral envelope is a repeating protein unit that makes up the Capsid 5 Another name for Viral Structure is Viron Virus Viral Particle 6 Viruses can be characterized as Obligate intracellular parasite 7 Viruses are able to carry out metabolic processes independent of a host organism or cell 8 Viruses are typically larger in size than a bacterial cell 9 Viruses possess a single type of Nucleic Acid ie DNA or RNA 10 Viral particles contain attachment sites that recognize receptor sites on the target host cell 11 Receptor mediated endocytosis occurs during the last step of the viral reproduction cycle 12 The function of the Viral Early proteins are to take over the normal functioning of the host cell 13 Viral Late Proteins are functional parts of the virus that are assembled together during the later stages of the viral life cycle 14 The function of Reverse Transcriptase is to reverse transcribe RNA into DNA 15 Interferons are a class of proteins produced by cell infected with viral particles 16 In relation to selective toxicity of drugs chemotherapeutics must be specific for the target organism 17 Drugs which target Eukaryotes fungi or protozoans are typically less potent because human tissue is also Eukaryotic 18 Target organisms must be susceptible to the drug in order for the drug to be effective 19 Not all chemotherapeutic drugs effectively kill all microbes 20 Penicillin effectively kills most Gram but few Gram 21 Bacteria are only distantly related to humans therefore the cellular metabolisms are different 22 The scienti c Binomial name of an organism consist of a Genus part and a Species part 23 lVlicrobial phylogenetics are determined by the G C of Chromosomal DNA and ribosomal RNA gene sequence analysis 24 Classical Taxonomy is referred to as the grouping of organisms based on easily observable properties or phenotypes B Please correctly match the following statements with the correct terms C 25 Blocks peptidoglycan synthesis thereby D 26 Binds bacterial phospholipids in the B 27 Binds steroids in the Eukaryotic membranes E 28 Target the ribosome to block protein synthesis weakening the cell wall A N alidixic Acid B Polyenes C Penicillins D Polymyxins E Erythromycin bacterial membranes A 29 blocks bacterial gyrase enzyme C Matching Please match the items on the left with the correct response on the right A C E B D A B C B A E C D 30 Drugs produced by microorganisms which kill or inhibit microorganisms 31 Preferentially used when the pathogen is known 32 Structure which contains antibiotic resistance genes 33 Preferentially used when the pathogen is not known 34 The presence of antibiotics in the environment that enriches for the population of resistant organisms Antibiotic Broad Spectrum Drug Narrow Spectrum Drug Selection Pressure R Plasmid 550575 D Please match th e following 35 HIV A Viral particle that is extremely specific for their host 36 Rabies Virus B Viral particle that may infect 37 Phage many different species C Virus that infects bacteria E Please match the steps in the reproduction of viral particles 38 Viral Penetration and Uncoating 39 Attachment A Step 1 B Step 2 40 Release C Step 3 D Step 4 41 Synthesis of Viral Components E Step 5 42 Assembly F Please match th e following B 43 An example would be Pateurization A 44 Incineration complete burning A Dry Heat C 45 Sterilization process involving very high B Moist Heat energy C Ionizing radiation D UV Radiation D 46 Causes Thymine T Dimers in DNA B 47 Process of liquids or gases passing through A Chlorine a membrane of specific pore size B Filtration C Phenol D 48 Process used in hospitals which penetrates D Ethylene Oxide Gas most wrappings Used to sterilize instruments plastics and rubber objects C 49 Carbolic Acid Used in rst aeseptic surgery A 50 Active chemical in bleach G Please answer one of the questions 1 Define andor explain the following terms as discussed in class Microbicidal Capable of killing microbes Microbistatic Capable of inhibiting microbial growth Disinfection Kills most but not all life and viruses Antisepsis Disinfection of tissues to prevent infection Sterilization Kills all forms of life and viruses 2 Please explaingive information regarding the following as discussed in class Phenol Coefficient Number that describes a chemical s antimicrobial effectiveness relative to that of phenol Pasteurization techniques Mild heating process used to destroy spoilage microoraganisms and most types of pathogens Ionizing radiation High energy radiation that causes molecules to be ionized Ultraviolet radiation Radiation at wavelengths between 180 amp 390 nm effective for only disinfecting surfaces Chemical disinfectants such as Chlorine and Iodine Inactivates enzymes and proteins


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Anthony Lee UC Santa Barbara

"I bought an awesome study guide, which helped me get an A in my Math 34B class this quarter!"

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.