Week 4 notes
Week 4 notes Sociology 100
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kirsten Swikert on Friday March 18, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Sociology 100 at Western Kentucky University taught by Dr. James Kanan in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 14 views. For similar materials see Introductory Sociology in Sociology at Western Kentucky University.
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Date Created: 03/18/16
Deviance • Functions of deviance: o Promotion of conformity and unity o Clarification of moral boundaries o Jobs and services to deviants o Social change • Conflict perspective on deviance o Deviance and definitions of morality and immorality reflect power imbalances o Unethical, harmful, and/or immoral behavior exists at all levels of society, but tends to be criminalized for the less powerful o In conflicts between groups, some groups do a better job of making their “definitions of what is deviance” stick Social Stratification • Systems of ranking socially-differentiated people or groups • Social differentiation: categorize or group people based on different physical or social characteristics • How are people stratified? Social scientists use 3 basic characteristics to try to measure stratification o Prestige: respect and admiration is attached to social status § Occupation is key o Power: the ability to get others to do what you want, even if they don’t want to § Coercion vs authority • Forms of authority: Max Weber o Charismatic: power arises from leader’s personal characteristics; inherently unstable since it fades with individuals o Traditional: power rooted in custom o Legal: rational; power based on formal position of office o Economic resources: measures of economic resources § Wealth: net value of assets owned by individuals or family, real estate, net financial assets • 85 people in the world have as much wealth as the bottom 3.4 billion combined § Income: receipt of money or goods over a particular accounting period • Wealth and income distribution: how much does one need to own or earn to be considered rich? (Wealth Distribution and Inequality in America) • Median household income in the US: $52,000 • Highest paid CEO as of 2014: David Zaslov with $156 million • Managers of hedge funds are paid a management fee (% of fund’s assets) plus performance fee (another % if good) § Why does economic inequality matter? • The spirit level: the statistical analysis shows that countries with large gaps between rich and poor have more serious social problems o The greater the gap, the more social problems
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