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Ch 7 Notes

by: Michaela Humby

Ch 7 Notes Sociology 120

Michaela Humby
GPA 3.5
Intro to Sociology
Dr Tobin Walton

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About this Document

This includes the main topics and definitions with examples of chapter 7.
Intro to Sociology
Dr Tobin Walton
Class Notes
sociology, socio, socio 120, Intro to sociology, Introduction to Sociology
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Michaela Humby on Wednesday September 30, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Sociology 120 at University of Tennessee - Knoxville taught by Dr Tobin Walton in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 139 views. For similar materials see Intro to Sociology in Sociology at University of Tennessee - Knoxville.


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Date Created: 09/30/15
Sociology 120 with Dr Tobin Walton Fall 2015 Chapter 7 Notes Material culture includes all those things that humans make or adapt from the raw stuff of nature ex computers houses jewelry forks Material culture is made up of artifacts Nonmaterial Culture made up of intangible things the ideas about truth and beauty happiness what s funny or not Symbols language norms sanctions values and beliefs make up the nonmaterial culture A symbol is anything that represents something else to more than one person quotquot is a symbol for a dollar sign and the swastika is the symbol of Nazi Germany Language is an organized set of symbols made up of spoken and written words gestures and rules grammar and syntax Sometimes hard to use these rules to properly express what we mean ex Man shot in head accidentally dies vs Man accidentally shot in head dies those are to different meanings The context itself reveals a lot about culture Ex Masai of Africa have 17 different terms for quotcattlequot college students have 12 different words for vomit A thumbs up gesture in Australia is rude but means quotgood jobquot in the USA Norms ex how women should dress in a temple women must not wear jeans must not wear clothing that exposes their navels must not wear clothing that exposes their breasts 3 Types of Norms 1 Folkway casual norms man not wearing a shirt 2 Mares important rules such as norms against unjustified assaults on other persons man not wearing any pants 3 Taboos norms so deeply held that even thinking about violating them upsets pleas eating human esh Sanctions 1 Negative Sanction the certain type of response you expect when violating a norm For example negative sanctions for a violation of folkways may be a nasty look while for taboo one may be sanction by imprisonment 2 Formal Sanction official responses from specific organization in society ex government universities churches etc 3 Informal Sanction individuals in social groups can range from being laughed at to being given the cold shoulder 4 Positive Sanction can be both formal and informal being rewarded by going beyond what is expected Sociology 120 with Dr Tobin Walton Fall 2015 Values are abstract ideas about what is good and what is bad in a society Ex hard work equality success freedom etc Beliefs people s ideas about what is real and what is not real quotCulture systems may be considered as products of action or as conditioning elements of further actionquot p 110 Social Institution a set of ideas about the way a specific important social need ought to be addressed These tend to be justified by values and beliefs so an institution is a part of nonmaterial culture After the pattern of responding to particular social needs it becomes established or institutionalized Cultural Diffusion cultural leveling when cultural things are adopted Ex Americans eating sushi and Japanese playing baseball and eating Big Macs Subculture groups of people within society whose shared values norms beliefs or use of material culture sets them apart from other people in that society Ex In southern US people share common folkways food and have distinct accents Counterculture members within the subculture hold values and share norms that set them apart from the subculture but are perceived to threaten the parent culture Ex the Ku Klux Klan Idiocultures p 117 consists of a system of knowledge beliefs behaviors and customs shared by members of an interacting group to which members can refer and employ the basis of further interaction Gary Alan Fine Over time people interact and develop shared knowledge beliefs and customswhich become important to their future interactions


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