Buddhism: Week Four
Buddhism: Week Four 232H
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Miranda Seith on Wednesday September 30, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to 232H at University of Montana taught by Justin Whitaker in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 49 views. For similar materials see Buddhism in Religious Studies at University of Montana.
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Date Created: 09/30/15
INTRODUCTION TO BUDDHISM WEEK FOUR The Dhamma Brothers Video I What is Vipassana Note what it means the word and how it is done A Vipassana is a way of self transformation through self observation It focuses on the deep interconnection between mind and body which can be experienced directly by disciplined attention to the physical sensations that form the life of the body and that continuously interconnect and condition the life ofthe mind It is this observation based self exploratory journey to the common root ofmind and body that dissolves mental impurity resulting in a balanced mind full of love and compassion 1 It means quotTo see things as they are 2 The scientific laws that operate one39s thoughts feelings judgements and sensations become clear Through direct experience the nature ofhow one grows or regresses how one produces suffering or frees oneself from suffering is understood Life becomes characterized by increased awareness non delusion self control and peace 3 The course requires hard serious work There are three steps to the training The first step is for the period of the course to abstain from killing stealing sexual activity speallting falsely and intoxicants This simple code ofmoral conduct serves to calm the mind which otherwise would be too agitated to perform the task ofself observation The next step is to develop some mastery over the mind by learning to fix one39s attention on the natural reality of the ever changing flow of breath as it enters and leaves the nostrils By the fourth day the mind is calmer and more focused better able to undertake the practice of Vipassana itself observing sensations throughout the body understanding their nature and developing equanimity by learning not to react to them Finally on the last full day participants learn the meditation of loving lltindness or goodwill towards all in which the purity developed during the course is shared with all beings a The entire practice is actually a mental training Just as we use physical exercises to improve our bodily health Vipassana can be used to develop a healthy mind ll How does Vipassana relate to Buddhism as a religion A There are two main types of Buddhist meditation Vipassana insight and samatha tranquility The two are often combined or used one after the other usually Vipissana follows samatha In China and Japan an entire school of Buddhism developed around the practice ofsitting meditation Ch an or Zen Buddhism B Specifically one who practices Vipassana hopes to realize the truths of impermanence suffering and quotnoself quot C Of course these doctrines are already known to any Buddhist After all they are the central teachings of the Buddha But in order to attain liberation he or she must personally apprehend and truly understand these important truths Simple knowledge of the Buddhist doctrines is not sufficient D Because Vipassana meditation alone produces the understanding through which liberation takes place it is considered superior to tranquility meditation Ill Note wherehow the Buddha s Four Noble Truths come up in the teaching and words of the prisoners A Change B Trust C The Four Noble Truths are one that all formations are suffering or unsatisfactoriness dulltlltha two the cause ofsuffering desire or craving tanha three the end ofsuffering the extinction of craving nirodha four the eight fold path leading to the end of suffering magga
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