criminal investigation midterm
criminal investigation midterm CRJ 261
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Victoria Robinson on Friday March 18, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CRJ 261 at Pace University taught by Chuliver in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 28 views. For similar materials see Intro to Criminal Investigation in Criminal Justice at Pace University.
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Date Created: 03/18/16
March 24, 2016 Answers to Mid Term 1. B. Collection of information and evidence for identifying, apprehending, and convicting or exonerating suspected offenders 2. Emails and phone records are just 2 examples of record evidence (there are many others) 3. The main skill Columbo used was common sense. The other skills of an investigator are intelligence, observation and memory, honesty, and knowledge. 4. B. Verification of Jurisdiction 5. A. Canvas the neighborhood to see if anyone witnesses anything unusual 6. B. You cannot arrest Wright inside his home without an arrest warrant 7. Motive draws the connection between the victim and the perpetrator by providing a group to choose from based on time and place. It can help us determine not only why a crime was committed, but how it was committed. This is important for reconstruction the crime scene and for trying to find associative evidence. 8. Thief catchers where individuals who would try to catch thieves or other criminals. They are important in the history of criminal investigations because this concept called for police reform and prepared the way for trained police officers 9. Metropolitan Police Act led to formation of Metropolitan Police (at the time called the “Watch of London”) and they are now called “Bobbies” 10. C. Calvin Goddard 11. August Vollmer is the founder of modern American professional policing. His reforms brought about innovations in education for police officers by setting standards of policing 12. A. Supreme Court decisions under Earl Warren, which nationalized the consequences to law enforcement for constitutional violations 13. Fingerprints: These would include clusters which connect details to other clusters to identify a suspect. As a result of the ridges, we are able to identify fingerprint patterns (loops, whorl, and arches). Handwriting: distance between letters and words; requires 12-15 exemplars. Ballistics: These could be marks left on the bullet, shell casing, or cartridge that are unique to a particular gun. Striations could be marks other than lands and grooves that could tell us the make and mechanical model. 14. C. Identification is how investigators categorize evidence into a predefined, limited, or restricted class and Identity is when the class is extended to the point where the item is individualized or considered unique 15. False. Before he was arrested 16. D. All of the above 17. D. All of the above 18. Theodore Roosevelt 19. A. Bullet trajectory 20. A. Blood spatter 21. CODIS (combined offender DNA index system) 22. C. Is presumed to be an unreasonable search 23. Associative Evidence is when evidence is presented that can connect the crime scene to the victim or suspect, or vice versa 24. C. Recreate the conditions present at the time of the original writing 25. B. The arresting officer.