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Prin Of Sociology

by: Giovanna Casper

Prin Of Sociology SOC 2000

Giovanna Casper
GPA 3.71

Lisa Sanders

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Lisa Sanders
Class Notes
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This 14 page Class Notes was uploaded by Giovanna Casper on Wednesday September 30, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to SOC 2000 at Western Michigan University taught by Lisa Sanders in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 49 views. For similar materials see /class/216811/soc-2000-western-michigan-university in Sociology at Western Michigan University.

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Date Created: 09/30/15
SOC 2000 9162009 Three Types of Sociology Interpretive Sociology Critical Sociology Positivist Sociology Positivist Sociology Positivist sociology is the study of society based on scientific observation of social behavior Science is a logical system that develops knowledge from direct systematic observation Empirical evidence is information that we can verify with our senses Science and Sociology Concept a mental construct that represents some aspect of the world in a simplified form Variable a concept whose value changes from case to case Measurement a procedure for determining the value of a variable in a specific case Science and Sociology con t Sociologists use descriptive statistics to state what is average for a population Statistics used include Mean the average of all measures Median the middle score in a series of numbers Mode the score that occurs most often Sociology and Science con t Reliability refers to consistency in measurement To be reliable a measurement should give the same result each time Validity is actually measuring what you intend to measure Sociology and Science con t A main goal of scientific research is to find out how variables are related to each other Correlation is a relationship in which two or more variables change together Causation is a relationship in which change in one variable causes change in another Correlation does not equal causation Science and Sociology con t To be sure of a real causeandeffect relationship we must show that Variables are correlated The independent variable occurs before the dependent variable There is no evidence that a third variable has been overlooked Interpretive Sociology Interpretive sociology is the study of society that focuses on discovering the meanings that people attach to their social world Focus on people s understanding of their actions and their surroundings Reality is subjective and is constructed by people in the course of their everyday lives Favors qualitative data over quantitative data Critical Sociology Critical Sociology is the study of society that focuses on the need for social change Critical sociologists don t believe that social science can be objective Sociologists should be activists for social equality Research Methods A research method is a systematic plan for doing research Four types of sociological research methods Experiments Surveys Participant Observation Use of Existing Sources Research Methods con t An experiment investigates cause and effect under highly controlled conditions With survey search subjects respond to a series of statements or questions on a questionnaire or in an interview Participant observation is a method where investigators systematically observe people while joining them in their routine activities Response Paper 2 Read the box on sociologist WEB Du Bois on page 15 of our textbook Using examples of your own observationsAND from chapter 1 of the textbook answer ALL of the following questions 1 If he were alive today do you think that Du Bois would still consider race a major problem in the twentyfirst century Why or why not 2 What is double consciousness Expanding this concept to include all minority groups how much do you think that racial and ethnic minorities today experience double consciousness What are some research methods that you could use to find out for sure Use examples from chapter 1 3 In what ways can sociology help us understand and reduce racial conflict Use examples from chapter 1 Please be detailed in39 your answers For Question 1 if you believe that race is no longer a major problem in the 21st century because there is a blaCk president now you need to explain exactly how those two ideas are related ie give examples of ways that you have observed life improving for all racial minorities since this time last year If you believe that race is still a major problem in this country again explain how using examples from your own life the media etc For questions 2 and 3 use a combination of your own experiences and information from chapter 1 1our paper should be 15 to 2 pages in length double spaced and in a 12 point ont APA Style Guide lntext Citations Ifyou are directly quoting from a work you will need to include the author year of publication and the a e number for the reference preceded by quotpquot Introduce the quotatiOn with a signal phrase that includes the author39s last name followed by the date of publication in parentheses Examples According to Jones 1998 quotStudents often had difficulty using APA style especially when it was their first timequot p 199 Jones 1998 found quotstudents often had difficulty using APA stylequot p 199 According to Macion s 2009 Most students at colleges and universities today are very interested in 8 i getting a good job p Summary or Pa39raph39rase Ifyou are paraphrasing an idea from a work you only have to make reference to the author and year of publication in your intext reference but APA guidelines encourage you to also provide the page number Examples According to Macionis 2009 the raceconflict approach to sociology highlights social inequalities based on racial and ethnic categories p 14 APA style is a difficult citation format for firsttime learners Jones 1998 p 199 Citing Indirect Sources Ifyou use a source that was cited in another source name the original source in your signal phrase List the secondary source in your reference list and include the secondary source in the parentheses Du Bois argued thatascited in Macionis 2009 p 15 According to Du Bois double consciousness is as cited in Macinois 2009 p 15


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