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Prin Of Sociology

by: Giovanna Casper

Prin Of Sociology SOC 2000

Giovanna Casper
GPA 3.71

Lisa Sanders

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Lisa Sanders
Class Notes
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This 16 page Class Notes was uploaded by Giovanna Casper on Wednesday September 30, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to SOC 2000 at Western Michigan University taught by Lisa Sanders in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 23 views. For similar materials see /class/216811/soc-2000-western-michigan-university in Sociology at Western Michigan University.

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Date Created: 09/30/15
Chapter 2 Culture 9212009 What is Culture In Sociology culture is the ways of thinking the ways of acting and the material objects that form a people s way of life Culture is a shared way of life or social heritage Types of Culture Nonmaterial culture consists of ideas created by members of society Examples ideas about what is beautiful what is art ideas about religion and spirituality Material culture refers to physical things anything from iPods to belt buckles to hammers and saws United States and Culture The United States is the most multicultural nation in the world If the United States is multicultural how can we also talk about a single US culture Society refers to people who interact in a defined territory and share a culture Culture Shock Culture shock is personal disorientation when experiencing an unfamiliar way of life We tend to assume that our way of life is natural and so we may be surprised to see other people doing things differently Sociologists say that no particular way of acting is natural to humans Culture and Human Intelligence Human beings rely on culture for survival rather than animal instincts Culture is really the best thing that we have We survive by fashioning the natural environment to our purposes How does material culture allow us to survive in places that would othenNise be uninhabitable Symbols We give the world meaning through symbols A symbol is anything that carries a particular meaning that is recognized by people who share a culture lti Symbols and Culture Shock Part of culture shock can be the lack of understanding of another culture s symbols Symbols in our Society Symbolic meaning can vary within a single society Some see the Confederate Flag as a symbol of regional pride and heritage while others see it as a symbol of racism Language Language is a system of symbols that allows people to communicate with one another Language is the key to cultural transmission the process by which one generation passes culture to the next Language and Reality The SapirWhorf thesis says that people see and understand the world through the cultural lens of language A culture with 30 different words for snow understands snow differently than we do A culture that has no words for numbers views groups of objects differently than we do A culture that has fewer words for colors might actually perceive fewer colors Values and Beliefs Values are culturally defined standards that serve as broad guidelines for social living Beliefs are specific ideas that people hold to be true If you value equality you believe that all people are created equal Social Norms Norms are rules and expectations by which a society guides the behavior of its members Sanctions are rewards or punishments that encourage conformity to cultural norms Social Mores Mores are norms that are widely observed and have a great moral significance The incest taboo is an example of a social more Violation of Norms Shame the painful sense that others disapprove of our actions external Guilt a negative judgment we make of ourselves internal Ideal vs Real Culture Values and norms suggest how we should behave ideally They are a part of our Ideal Culture Real Culture is what actually occurs in every day life


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