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Economic Geography

by: Dr. Cristopher Deckow

Economic Geography GEOG 2440

Dr. Cristopher Deckow
GPA 3.64

Jordan Yin

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Jordan Yin
Class Notes
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Dr. Cristopher Deckow on Wednesday September 30, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to GEOG 2440 at Western Michigan University taught by Jordan Yin in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 63 views. For similar materials see /class/216842/geog-2440-western-michigan-university in Geography at Western Michigan University.


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Date Created: 09/30/15
GEOG 2440 Economic Geography TWE Chapter i0 Problems of the US City A Post WWll Decentralization of U5 Metro Areas 343 i Externalities of Urban Sprawl Uneven development city versus suburbs downtown versus neighborhoods Traffic Congestion Pollution lrrational Use of Space increasing land use decreasing density 2 Lack of Regional Planning Political independence and power of suburbs Multiple layers and levels of local government Lack of regional governance B Models of lntraurban Spatial Structure l Von Thilnen s Model of Location Rentquot 204 207 Figure 622 623 2 The Concentric Ring Model Figure l022 3 The Sector and Multiple Nuclei Model C Cycle of Urban Decay 343 l A set of step wise relationships between various Factors that typically have a negative impact on central cities 96 96 96 Loss of population Decrease in property values Decrease in tax base increase in tax rates decrease in quantity or quality of public services Loss of businesses and jobs See Figure l022 2 Historically this cycle of urban decay was triggered by the mass movement of the middle classquot From city to suburbs in the iGlSOs and lGlbOs in most major metropolitan areas However this cycle of urban decay has also been triggered by worsening conditions at other points in the cycle such as Loss of manufacturingjobs in the rustbelt during the iQ70s and iGlZOs Limitations on tax collections and Funding For public services California and Massachusetts tax revoltsquot of the 1470s Mortgage crisis oFZOOZ and decline in property values 0 Crisis of the innerCity 344 With Few exceptions most central cities of U5 metropolitan areas Face a variety of challenges 96 96 96 96 96 96 Loss of Population see Table l0i Deindustrialization and Unemployment Racial and Ethnic inequalities Concentration and isolation Employment Mismatch Spatial Mismatchquot Concentration of Poverty and Feminization of Poverty Housing Funding of central city services and public schools Health care disparities Crime rates Lack of Federal urban policy


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