HDFS notes 10
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Camryn McCabe on Friday March 18, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HDFS 129 at a university taught by Molly Countermine in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 42 views.
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Date Created: 03/18/16
Notes from 3/15-3/17 Adolescent Identity Development Erikson on identity Identity- a persistent sameness within one’s self and a sharing of one’s essential character with others ID development o Achieving ID involves possessing a sense of who you are, where you are heading, and where you fit into society o It’s a lengthy process that begins in infancy and continues through adulthood o In adolescence it moves to the forefront Now we have the cognitive ability to think more abstractly about who we are o Adolescents become preoccupied with questions about their essential character We ask ourselves… o Who am i? o What’s different about me? o What do I want to do with my life? o What kind of people do I like? o What kind of person am I? o What do I need to be happy? o What kind of romantic partner am I? o What kind of romantic partner do I want? o What are my values? o What do I think about the world? Independence becomes paramount o The process of separation and individuation from family is critical in ID development o We want to become our own person while remaining connected to family o Just like protection and exploration in infancy, we want to know our parents are there for us but be given freedom to explore o Family = secure base Identity issues include: o Self in relationships o Sexual ID o Ethnic ID o Intellectual ID o Interests/values o Body image Notes from 3/15-3/17 o Spirituality/religiosity o Vocational issues o Political ideology o World views Process of ID formation involves crisis and commitment o Crisis- period of role experimentation and exploration among alternative choices o Commitment- demonstrating a personal commitment to particular values, beliefs, and roles James Marcia Late adolescence (18-22) is a period of consolidation, tearing of the initial ID construction that began in early adolescence By late adolescence, it is possible to categorize the ID status of individuals into one of 4 categories Framework for assessing statuses o ID achievement o ID moratorium o ID foreclosure o ID diffusion ID achievement- commitment made after crisis experienced o Individual has resolved his/her ID issues and made a commitment to particular goals, beliefs, and values ID moratorium- no commitment made and currently experiencing crisis (exploration) o Individual is actively raising questions and seeking answers o Enduring commitments have not yet been made ID foreclosure- commitment made but no crisis experienced o Individual seems to know who he/she is but has latched onto an ID prematurely w/o exploration o Ex. A person who adopts whatever view his parents have without questioning ID diffusion- no commitment made and no crises experienced o Person has not yet thought about or resolved ID issues and has failed to chart directions in life This is NOT a stage theory o However, most adolescents move from foreclosure or diffusion to moratorium and then achieved between their mid-teens and mid-twenties o One can be in different ID states for various ID domains Notes from 3/15-3/17 o One MUST go through moratorium to reach ID achievement Achievement and moratorium are associated with… o Higher self-esteem o Feeling of more in control o Favorable view of education o More capability of sustaining intimate relationships Foreclose is associated with… o Being dogmatic, rigid, defensive o Fear of rejection o Being a rule follower Diffusion is associated with… o Less capability of intimacy o Avoidance of decision making o Poor academic performance o Poor time management o More likely to abuse drugs/alcohol Parenting Styles 2 dimensions of parenting o Warmth, responsiveness, support o Control, demandingness, expectations Types of parenting o Authoritarian: high control, low warmth o Authoritative: high control, high warmth o Permissive: low control, high warmth o Uninvolved: low control, low warmth Parenting styles and Identity o Authoritative parenting is correlated with ID achievement o Authoritarian parenting is correlated with ID foreclosure o Permissive parenting is correlated with diffusion
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