New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Chapter 19 notes

by: Rachel Taylor

Chapter 19 notes Chem 372

Rachel Taylor
GPA 3.5

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

These notes cover the material from chapter 19
Organic Chemistry
Dr. Friebe
Class Notes
Chemistry, Organic Chemistry
25 ?




Popular in Organic Chemistry

Popular in Chemistry

This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Rachel Taylor on Friday March 18, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Chem 372 at Eastern Michigan University taught by Dr. Friebe in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 40 views. For similar materials see Organic Chemistry in Chemistry at Eastern Michigan University.

Similar to Chem 372 at EMU


Reviews for Chapter 19 notes


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 03/18/16
Chapter 19 notes: Carboxylic Acids Nomenclature  Find longest carbon chain including –COOH. Replace the last -e with –oic Acid. If there are two present, replace the –e with –dioc Acid  If –COOH is bonded to a ring, add carboxylic acid placing it in the 1 position and omitting the 1 in the name.  Tip: Common names also exist, however, it is more important to know the IUPC name as either name is correct on the exam (in Dr. Friebe’s class.) Because IUPC is systematic, it is easier to derive the name from a structure rather than memorizing common names. Another instructor may want you to know both, so keep that in mind  Metal salts change –ic to –ate. Properties  Carboxylic acids are s2 hybridized, and are trigonal planar with 120˚ bond angles  They have dipole-dipole and hydrogen bonding interactions  They form dimers (dashed lines=H-bonds):  Very polar  High melting points and boiling points  Soluble in organic solvents and in water when there are less than or equal to 5 carbons. If there are more than 5 carbons, the nonpolar portion makes the molecule insoluble in water. Preparation  Prepared using oxidation reactions Use one of these  1˚ Alcohol: reagents in the presence of 2 S4 and water  Alkyl Benzene (methyl group can also be CH R or2CHR ): 2  Alkyne Oxidative cleavage: Bronsted-Lowry Acid-Base reactions and nucleophile reactions  Reaction with a base  Reaction with a strong acid (2 pathways) First pathway the acid attacks the double bond, and is preferred because it is resonance stabilized. Second pathway is possible where the acid attacks the OH group.  Reactions with a nucleophile Inductive effect  Electron withdrawing groups make protons more acidic  Electron donating groups make protons more acidic  More stable conjugate base => more acidic proton  Benzoic acid is less acidic with activating groups because electrons are donated to benzene ring. More negative group closer to the positive proton holds the proton tighter.  Deactivating groups mare benzoic acid more acidic because they withdraw electrons from the ring. More positively charged ring means the positively charged proton can leave more easily.


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Kyle Maynard Purdue

"When you're taking detailed notes and trying to help everyone else out in the class, it really helps you learn and understand the I made $280 on my first study guide!"

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.