Peoples Of The World
Peoples Of The World ANTH 1200
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Emilie Beahan DVM on Wednesday September 30, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ANTH 1200 at Western Michigan University taught by Laura Spielvogel in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 23 views. For similar materials see /class/216899/anth-1200-western-michigan-university in anthropology, evolution, sphr at Western Michigan University.
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Date Created: 09/30/15
Political Organization Feb 6 I l Who s in charge What is politics I The means by which societies maintain order and I I I decide what individual members will do with their time Forms of Reciprocity I Generalized I Balanced I Negative What is economy I Different ways of producing distributing and consuming resources Redistribution I Through some centralized authority I At a centralized place I With a ritual I Largey voluntary ll Political Organization I Egalitarian Societies I Equal access to strategic resources I Fairly equal distribution of resources I As many positions of prestige as people capable of filling them I Prestige achieved through acts of generosity I Usually foraging I Generally little commitment to private space or private property I About 97 of human history Diffusing tension I Song duels I Killing I Exile How do you keep the peace I No personal property I No restricted access to productive resources I And yet Disputes happen But over what Ranked Societies I Equal access to strategic resources I Unequal access to positions of prestige Those positions are gained through skill and generosity These are positions of responsibility in the community often to suggest resolutions to conflicts or issues but not one of having power over others or gaining increased access to material goods I Often have strict social boundaries I Usually have some forms of private property The Big Man bigger than a village head His tools I example I Persuasion I Generosity I Convinces followers to give tribute Bi Men cap regional political organizations I Some longerterm stability Other Big Men h I LJI bl I Ls Strati ed Societies I Unequal access to strategic resources Unequal access to positions of prestige and 0 social contro Private property is widespread on icts often are resolved by outside u on I Have only existed in the last few thousand years of human existence p we I Strict boundariescontrollo en with strict bl IllL What is the state I I Autonomous political unit i I Encompasses many communities I Central government and strati cation I Divided society classes I lndustrialnonindustrial i II The link to economy I I Storable surplusses hIIL For example Quiz 5 I Name the 3 forms of socialpolitical organization I TF In a ranked society there is no private roperty I TF Big Men appear in egalitarian societies I TF The forms of political organization are mutually exclusive in which economic organization is linked to political organization 0 complex societies
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