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Peoples Of The World

by: Emilie Beahan DVM

Peoples Of The World ANTH 1200

Emilie Beahan DVM
GPA 3.77


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Class Notes
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This 28 page Class Notes was uploaded by Emilie Beahan DVM on Wednesday September 30, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ANTH 1200 at Western Michigan University taught by Staff in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 24 views. For similar materials see /class/216900/anth-1200-western-michigan-university in anthropology, evolution, sphr at Western Michigan University.

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Date Created: 09/30/15
I Why didn t they just move Mobility is NOT universal Why don39t you change your behavior Lobe n Fishes Romer s rule h I I4 I I Extra Credit l l l Colonialism I CesarChavez event Comedian Efrain Happy W Guerrero i or ysday vchClEI Nuun Suulh Eallvuum emhavd I Tim WlSE author on rate r lsrn r TODAVl March 277 EIEl Nunh Eallvuum Bernhard O a F39uvv uvv April i Production F39uvvershift I r Aprill BElEl amFelzevCenlev 7 Wpuwepsmnmg 1 March 27 Hunger Banquet 500 years of Global History I I I Part Lesson Points I How people have been connected for 500 years through different means 7 Colonialism 7 Capitalisthrld System 7 Global Preuumen I Nothing new about globalization nothing newabout people in contact Contact subordinated groups to one another What we will look at is the nature of changes over bl quot1 600 years ago before the Age of Exploration AD 1392 h I l l Europe NOT the center I Not even the largest cities I Not the most technologically advanced I I I i Africa I Lots of overland longdistance trading I Including trade in human beings I Some large kingdoms I And subsurface mining I South America I Inca in 1400just beginning imperial expansron I Hierchically organized in the godlike Inca dynasty carrier of state religion I Aristocracy comprised of dynasty s relatives I Local rulers submitted to Inca rule I Local men of rank headed endogamous patrilineal descent groups I Paid tribute with labor on public works in agriculture and military service El I Ottoman Empire I About to be defeated by Turk named I Resumed power in 1453 with conquest of Constantinople I Reigned for 300 years dominated Near East blocked Europe s access to Orient and deflected European expansion westward China I Under ethnic Han dominion I Partly solidified through massive water infrastructure which required centralized bureaucratic control and governance Mesoamerica I Greater political fragmentation I Teotihuacan great city in central valley of Mexico 150000200000 at height I First century AD hegemony over large area to Guatemala I Agriculture dependent on massive drainage and irrigation system I Fell around 700 AD unclearwhy I Aztecs in 1400 minor mercenaries I But by 1521 the year they fell had built a city on a lake of nearly 300000 people European Expansion I Agricultural pace slowed I Plagues I Delicate balance of power shifted with increased demands by military tribute takers I Resistance and rebellions I Feudal Crisis Iberian Peninsula Reconquista I Reestablishment of Christian over Muslim Moorish rule in Spain Portugal I Between 718 and 1492 I Portugal consolidated in 1249 I Linked to Crusades I Linguistic and Cultural residues all over Europe and Latin America Solution I New frontiers possible because of sciencetechnology I Move beyond boundaries I Portugal Castille Aragon United Provinces France England What they found I Death and Wealth I Because of death wealth was possible European conquest of New World began wlth Old Atlantic Islands and Sugar Atlantic lands h I IL What Columbus carried 1 h I 111 I Sugar Cane second voyage I Germs E e Smallpox Typ us Diptheria Measles Population Decimation I Americas in 1492 112000000 I By 1619 95 dead hIug hIILL hmquot What is colonialism Colonialism homwmyedu a m emytl 39kdu cam mmmwmn nm mmwm lemma Purple mm m Wnbmmmn mm mm mam ammm x mm m o m mks m leimum r m m and m m 19m mew m men may a behe hu a me Dth damn m mwa m We vah Coma a szdnxuhxmhwe um new mu damn my new zdnmdbydevelnm m emmme ma Maul Mame mest mamm m1 demzmk xm 11mm in mch mx Calm my GYM We Deyexdexyvhpm v m M W Lu 11mm m quotwed mu mmmwmwm m a m x wauhh nmvhe mde a damnlmmh hm msmmmm W mm m a mum new Homework Slide I httpenwikipediaorgvvikiCooniaism What Empires got I Skimmed Wealth I Centralized state power I Christians I Il What Colonists got I Land England Spain Portugal etc I Labor Spain Portugal I Entitlement to buy and sell people as property all Mercantilism I Strictly regulated trade I Control of trade goods I Central state determines which goods available where I What primary goods produced where Why no olives in Mexico I Spain and Portugal prohibited I To favorprotect olives in the Iberian pennisu a I Forms of commercial discrimination tied to caste discrimination I Peninsulares v Crioos Two Triangles First I Finished goods sold to Africa from Britain mostly guns I African slaves sold to New World I American tropical commodities sugar sold to mother country and neighbors Second emergent triangle I New England rum to Africa I African slaves to West Indies I Molasses to New England I ANTIMercantilist E Quiz 15 N 1 3 P 5 TF Miguel should move is an ethnocentric response to the Hunger Banquet problem TF Romer s Rule suggests that cultural change is the outcome of efforts to resist TF Europe had the most powerful and technologically advanced populations of the world in 1300 TF Europe had the largest population centers of the world in 1300 TF Spain was a Muslim country in 1300 Economic Organization J anuaiy 30 How you get stuff l I I I What is economy I Different ways ofproducing distributing and consuming resources Mode of Production Eric Wolf I I a set ofrelations through which laboris deployed to wrest energy 39om nature by the means oftools skills I organization and knowledgequot in bl IllL Wolfs typology of MOP I Kinbased I Tributary I MarketCapital In the beginning ca 10000 BC 97 I Foraging huntinggathering hlll hint Foragers I Take energy from nature directly I Simple humanfashioned tools I Cannot store surpluses I Few personal possessions I Highly mobile I Inhabit marginal lands H I 39ll4 Cultivation and Dom estication I Horticulture I Agriculture I Pastoralism Horticulture aka gardening I Extensive rather than Intensive Slash and Burn swidden shifting Rainfed I No additional fertilizers hitl u hl L Agriculture I Intensive as well as extensive I More control over nature Use of domesticated animals power fertilizer I Harnessing of water irrigation terracing Permanently situated I Storable surplus I I Is bl III neu Pastoralism I Range animals I Relatively large expanses I Seasonal mobility I Diet supplemented by foraging I Industrialization Macmnesmake mm I DistributionuKarlPolyani 1944 i menuch l Red smbutmn Marmcapnax supp y and demand I Recmmmw 1 Mary Remsummmn Mavk capnam Forms ofReciprocity l Generahzed l Ea anced N egauve Redistribution Thvuu h same cemvahzed aumnw m a cemvahzed mace m m a vw av u x LargeAvuhmlarv E mm Redxsmbuuve m Generalized Renpmmyv I I tJ h inn3d Where have all the jobs gone Why you resist this class Fordism I And what does that have to do with Kinship You Your approach to this class llI tj Quiz 3 l I Name the 3 modes of production I Name the 3 modes of exchange I TF Michigan s economy has bearing on i how well I should try to do in this class I TF Horticulturalists make use of irrigation I TF For 97 of human history humans have lived in market societies 1 An rhr opology 1200 Peoples of The World Be ing Humanquot m u w xu Amm mammasem mahsanWidauhilrsnsu E as E emmu esemes nwmms gammeww hmrvmmsaige m mama mmth m mmmmmmmmuemmwm Laakinv eanui ed m ma am Dungsawuhkumla m mmmmmaawmmmmnms mm mm mememym shm dhe em n yum Wigwam pmme humane m m W M mm m mm mm m mm ma Wm mammgs m MM mm mm me an mm mummnsemm NOYE m summsdss whairegra mmmmm w dammm mmmm mm m mm Vanam M m Rumm um Wemsespamed midws shm dhe mpmhymmmamm as m an m mm mm mgnwammm davmvmdws an sunny m Van kl mm mm um chem5e mm Mese mum human YawY s Wew mmwm mum Jauvna w my mamcowzw mummy smannummummm mt mmm m cmerl wed mama 3mm Favemsp ness guevmvemame rm m a may He W m m ssas wwhat mum be abwm mm El I gowmu wmich edu mm W smgm mm u PamInch m mmv mm mmmmwmm ung swam Eimqus mw bewamlt mm VanmmemmwmmWM wmwunmnmm m mmmmmnum Mumwmwsmm my sammm kmamawhihe avsheisksdvau Vawm aumi emesumm Wammnmmm m mums mm mumms wm mmmm mamammmy umpnsemmvmvgmde Mmsns M mdawehmhs Lmsywmmmmm mm Gm M mm mm mm m m LOOK CAREFULLY at Schedule I Quiz Rules 15 3 SarahHill DATE TOP LEFT W M QUIZ TOP LEFT LAW NAME FirstLast TOP RIGHT W TA TOP RIGHT SECTIONABOD TOP RIGHT 52AM What Anthropology is Four Fields I Primates with Culture Material culture Language Ritualspractices deas Biology I I Material Archaeology I Language Linguistics I Rituals Ideas and the above Cultural I I Biology EI I J Maj or Points I Natural is Cultural I Culture is never static always changing I Culture is usually produced UNINTENTIONALLY at least for large societies Specific Points I We unintentionally effect the world l around us Environment others I Individual is NOT natural rooted in Western Democratic tradition Works well with Capitalism I No one BEST way for all humans to live I eJa Diversity of US HOW to get an A Il lII It s simple ltd in I University is a JOB I Sick leave I Late pay Economies of Scale F ordism What we have in common how we differ n v sunquot TF Natural is really Natural TF Democracy is best for all people TF All societies believe in the individual TIP To get an A I can miss lots of class TF I do not need to show up to section to get an A i ll Why War April 17 In the back of your mind I Energy What fuels industrialism What ue s us What happens when energy runs out hi I ll hl Il h l Industrial Revolution begins W ith Remember the Etoro I Etic explanations oftheir practices h III hlIlJ Remember ideology I Governing rules of society I Masks intemal contradictions of those governing rules in reali y I Allows for individuals to ignore contradictory evidence I Ways to explain war 2 I Materialist i I Symbolist i Rwanda 1994 GenocideCivil War I Hutus 85 I Tutsis 15 E BIG POINT I Enmity is produced I Ethnic enmity is culturally constructed I Enmity is NOT natural I Question Is resource competition natural or inevitable I Hint Cultural constructions apply here too El I Bosnia 19921995 I Serbs I Croats I Bosniaks I Muslims Peak Oil I Hubbert s PeaK 1956 US 1970 World 2000 I I us Peak in 1971 Quiz 18 TF The Etoro provide an example ofcultural organization ofsociety aroun war TF According to the cartoon competition is as 39 rtant as oil to American industrial might TF This cartoon promotes competition because competitiveness distinguished the US 39om the USSR in ideology TF Ethnic enmity is natural because it is based on competition over resources TF Peak Oil refers to the prospects that the N w is JV petroleum age is drawmg to a close Rituals Rites and Religion I I March 20 2006 What is religion 1 Animism Doctrine of Souls Tylor 1871 Inside ordinary bodies there are intangible beings god is elaboration of soul 2 Natural vs Supernatural Emile Durkheim Souls are not necessarily cause of lifelike behavior in inanimate objects Concentrated form of animistic force Mana Two elements I Natural I Supernatural Quiz 12 TF Hair color is characteristic used by teacher to divide class TF Movie showed that children have no racial bias TF The children in this school had never socialized with people of other races TF Children had no reaction to the division of themselves into two groups TF The divisions were arbitrary N lIll 0quot Mana broadly de ned I Belief in powerful force Vitamins Soaps and detergents Lottery tickets rituals Magic vs Religion I I Supernatural I James Frazier Golden Bough Control vs lack of control over supernatural I Religion is lack of control Magic is controlled Rituals I Shamans l l I Religious specialists Examples Fulltime vs part time I Patterned behaviors that deal with supernatural rea m I vs Secular ritual Mana I What s the difference I Periodic vs NonPeriodic hi I I Life cycle rituals Separation i l I I rites of passage I Victor Turner 1969 Ndembu Zambian horticulturalists eparation Transition liminal phase Reintegration I Physically socially symbolically I Special dress I Real exclusion menstrual hut h I Illu Transition Liminal Reintegration I Literally between separation and integration I No longer previous status but not yet I member ofnext stage I Initiate is welcomed back I Ceremonial I LeamIng of special skills l hllLJ E Crosscultural comparison Birth I Where infant mortality high babies stay in liminal phase longer I Named probably a human but not necessarily person with rights and moral status I Ultrasound in US ritual that confers personhood status on fetus Cults I Revitalization I Cargo I Cargo Cults I Return of ship with European goods Throwing away of trade goods Building of airstrips Shows that distinction between supernatural and natural is not accurate El I Other Rituals I Pilgrimage I Sacrifice I Rituals of Reversal Carnival Mardi Gras Mummering St Patrick s Day III Revitalization I I Ghost Dance Under circumstances of severe disadvantage Concerned with dramatic improvement in immediate conditions of life or prospects of afterlife Ghost Dance in Plains 18805 Return ofdead return of Bison Quiz 13 TF Shamans are religious specialists TF Doctors can be regarded as shamans in contemporary US society TF Taboos are natural TlIt Lottery tickets are a kind of cargo cu NT 5 TF Taboos are immutable U39 Colonialism World Systems and Global Production lll April 10 I Extra Credit events l I All week Earth Week DaVId Ede WMU Religion Knowledge and Powerin Early Shi sm and Today I I I Central Asian Studies Lecture Dr April 13 700 pm 1004 Moore Hall l I I uu he I LIL From 13001800 I In the back of your mind I Energy i What fuels industrialism What fuels us I What happens when energy runs out i I i i Two Triangles First I Finished goods sold to Africa from Britain mostly guns I African slaves sold to New World I American tropical commodities sugar sold to mother country and neighbors Il Second emergent triangle I New England rum to Africa i I African slaves to West Indies I Molasses to New England i I ANTIMercantilist i 18th 19th century England I I Enclosure movement I Population explosion I Puttingout system I Who feeds the labor of piecework I Q o o 3 N Lo 1 5 a g Q I Raw materials cotton and Wool l I I Where did they come from hl L I What s sugar got to do with it l I Cheap source of calories i I Mixed with tea a cheap highcalorie stimulant that substitutes real food for subsistence sustenance I Where did it come from i Slavery Free labor Industrial Revolution I Cotton sugar tea plantation crops Unfree labor I Cotton fabric sugar rum tea industrial foods and goods Free market system l l m Igu Skip to mid 20th century l I m Igu Ke nesian entlemen s y g What changes i i agreement I Budget deficits pay for social services I 1972 w infrastructure I Industrial profits modest plowed back into industry I Labor paid well executives paid E modestly l apaaquly does it Fordism hwllJEj helmIEj PostF ordism Fordism labor is I Protected I Rights to organize a er NLRB in 1935 I Vested with bene ts I Permanent irrespective of changes in r emand due to business cycle F Postfordism Labor is I Vulnerable I Self nancing I Assumes risk of changes in market I Unprotected I Contingent I Example 1 l I I Executive Compensation l 7200 l2 ralSe v5 2 2 roravg none supervisorv worker e l980 CEO 42k avg worker e l990 CEO 85k avg worker e 2004 CEO Aslk avg worker I I It s their rightquot Example 2 I Unionization e 7 9 private sectorin 2004 7201ll l1983 I ll J bl ll l Quiz 17 ln lam tne avera e salary ror CEO s was a dest42 tirnes tnat o tne average ror nunr ervisorv workers 2 3914 vears later tne dirrerenee petween tnose tvvo i erage salaries nad enanged to 43l tirnes Tne industrial revolution in England depended potn tree and enslaved lapor 6 Tne puttlngmut system in earlv industrial gland is sornevdnat like tne automobile supplier tern nuvv One or tne rnaior dirrerenees petween Furdlsm and pustrFurdlsrn is tnat rnore or tne contemporary IIIoo workroree is lert out ortne svstern or guaranteed I wages and penerits ChildreaIing Feb 1 N atural or Cultu ral Spirit Day Feb 28 I Find alternate sections on course si e llncen ves Participation points Bene t of discussion h Il What s wrong with this picture bl 39 LJ Which is I Emic r i lEtic h 4l i Redistiibutive or Generalized Reciprocity Ill WhyI bother to teach you well leIL Reciprocity Game in 39 1Iu he hen 39 I Connecting the Dots I Kinship I Mode of Production I Mode of Distribution Where have all the jobs gone I And what does that have to do with Kinship You Your approach to this class leIL This class is your LIFE I This class is in fact yourjob What happens if you show up late for ork7 Decide to blow off work Fail to work at a steady pace Ford and you I The grim grim picture of Michigan s job market 20002005 LOST 308900 JOBS 20062007 Another 28600 A string unprecedented since WWII em I lJ Let s look at your future l I I Yourjob prospects Vacation pay Vacation time Health insurance Sick leave pay FMLA BENEFITS What you have to sell I Your labor power Your references Brand name of WMU Your grades ll eJa b 21 This is you I HUNTING for ajob chose your weapon carefully d U Your life in your j ob E in Why you resist this class Fordism lung in lI Quiz 3 I I TF Michigan s economy has bearing on how well I should try to do in this class I TF Neolocality means that each new generation establishes a geographically separate household I TF Our kinship system helps us hunt for jobs I TF Babies should wear shoes is correct as an ETIC statement


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