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Intro To Organic Chemistry

by: Corbin Crist DDS

Intro To Organic Chemistry CHEM 3700

Marketplace > Western Michigan University > Chemistry > CHEM 3700 > Intro To Organic Chemistry
Corbin Crist DDS
GPA 3.81

John Chateauneuf

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John Chateauneuf
Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Corbin Crist DDS on Wednesday September 30, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to CHEM 3700 at Western Michigan University taught by John Chateauneuf in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 36 views. For similar materials see /class/216962/chem-3700-western-michigan-university in Chemistry at Western Michigan University.


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Date Created: 09/30/15
Organic chemistrydeals with compounds which contain C carbon Bonding and Stereochemistry Bond length Bond Strength Bond angles sp3 tetrahedral 4 single bonds 0 1095 sp2triganol planar 3 single bond double bond 071 120 splinear 2 triple 0 2n 180 quotVSEPRquot octet rule valence shell electron pair repulsion single bond gt double bond gt triple bond bond length single bond lt double bond lt triple bond bond strength Molecular formula CH2O 2H2x12 24612 electrons total 1C1x44 lO1x66 Difference of 2 or greater ionic formula difference of less than 2 covalent molecular Lower energy when bonded release energy 9 exothermic add energy to break bond endothermic absorb energy Inductive effect concept of electron shift pulled towards the more electronegative atom Acids Bases and Conjugates H proton BronstedLowry acid H donor BronstedLowry base H acceptor Lewis acidelectron pair acceptor Lewis baseelectron pair donor KaHAHA this is the acidity constant large Kastrong acid pKalogKa quotpquot quotlog small pKastronger acid Ka1OApka HNO3 NaOH 9H20 NaNO3 HNO39 H N03 N03 is the conjugate base NaOH Na OH Na is the conjugate acid Methane CH4 Ethane C2H6 Propane C3H8 butane C4H10 Saturated hydrocarbons end in ane contain only CC or CH bonds have maximum of hydrogens per carbon Alkane molecular formula Can2 nbutane 9straight chain ibutane 9branches butane and isobutane constitutional isomers same formula different structures lsobutane CH3CHCH3CH3 Alkanesaka aliphatic ionic hydrogen bonding london dispersion forces strongest to weakest intermolecular forces hydrocarbons in general have low bp boiling points London dispersion forces induced dipole CH4 lt C10H22 lower bp lt higher bp The larger the molecule the less compact the higher the bp Naming start with the longest chain number with the smallest numbers for substituents branches if the same number multiple ways pick one with the most branches Conformational isomers molecules can twist around the single bond 0 not easily separated shown by Newman projection Newman projection dot is the carbon nearest to you the circle is the carbon behind Steric strain two large groups are going to bump into each other Staggered vs eclipsed conformationstaggered is preferred the most stable The large groups are father away from each other The larger the groups on the adjacent carbons the farther they want to be apart When naming cycloalkanes name the largest ring then the smallest order of substituents noncarbon group takes precedence Cyclopropanevery strained molecule Cyclopentanepuckered not flat Cyclohexane is a very stable compound cycohexanes have the chair conformation Cis groups are on the same side of the plane trans groups are on opposite sides of the plane across from each other Cycloalkanes CnHZn Axial bondsup and down equatorial bondsleft and right Larger groups prefer equatorial bonds it places them further away from each other Steric strain plays a large role in stereochemistry of cycloalkanes


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