Introduction to Communication
Introduction to Communication COM 111
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This 14 page Class Notes was uploaded by Torrance Sawayn on Wednesday September 30, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to COM 111 at Pace University - New York taught by Barry Morris in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 9 views. For similar materials see /class/217089/com-111-pace-university-new-york in Communication at Pace University - New York.
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Date Created: 09/30/15
COM 111 Introduction to Communication The Basic Components of a Small Group There was the Dyad and the dyad was GOOD Perspective One A Group is a Collection of Dyads not a Collection of People The basic concept for determining how many people can belong to a small group Every member of the group O O should be able to communicate DIRECTLY with every other member of the group Lowest number 3 Highest number depends on group Perspective One A Group is a Collection of Dyads not a Collection of People Here is some math 0 XX1 This math gives you the number of PAIRS in a People Channels population or for our purposes the number of lines between 3 3 the circles 4 5 6 15 etc By the time you get to six you have to manage 15 channels of talk That is why most experts suggest 5 to 7 as the maximum number of people a small group should have Perspective Two SelfDirection By the time a group gets to 7 or 8 the necessity arises to impose some sort of external organization eg A forman or Parliamentary Procedure Groups by definition are interactive They do not need such devices They need leadership more later but it should be informal and conversational Perspective Three Small Groups have concrete goals The joke of the front space cartoon is to impose an all too common foible of groups of friends on a group of terrorists One of the purposes of the cartoon is to distinguish between the two phenomena These people are a small group because they have organized their efforts toward a specific concrete goal The bunch of people who are picking a movie or a restaurant are a group and it is small They are not however a Small Group in the Communication Studies sense Perspective Four AgendaSetting Small groups have Agendas An agenda is a goal supplemented by a means of achieving the goal The agenda of a meeting includes a list of things that need to be discussed and the order in which they need to be discussed It should also include benchmarks for what must get done during that meeting Groups of friends have plans Let39s get wastedl However even if you add Let39s get some beer and to Let39s get wasted It doesn39t constitute an agenda Perspective Five Life Span Groups are temporary At least they should be Groups form around a specific need and generate a means of satiating that need When the need has passed when the goal has been metthe group should dissolve In this way goals generate groups not the other way around Perspective Five Life Span Tuckman s Stages of Group Development Forming The group comes together and gets to initially know one other and form as a group Storming A chaotic vying for leadership and trialling of group processes Norming Eventually agreement is reached on how the group operates norming Performing The group practices its craft and becomes effective in meeting its objectives Adjourning The process of quotunformingquot the group that is letting go of the group structure and moving on Bruce Tuckrnan 196 5 Developmmtal Sequencesin Small Groups Psychological swam 63 38499 Perspective Six Group Values 2 Groups like dyads become functioning entities greater than the sum of their parts Synergy 2 Groups develop organizational structures Agendas 2 Groups develop rules and values associated with those structures Groups members recognize themselves as members of a separate entity more so than members of a dyad Group membership is more flexible a Group Values do not so much have to do with being a good or bad person They are instead involved with being an effective group member 2 Groups value or should good information and efficiency Their values tend to evolve around those poles Perspective Six Group Values The Downside As Groups develop components like habits structure and values they become comfortable places to be People who belong to them like people who belong to relationships can begin to base so much of their personal identities in their membership in the group that they can actually begin to put its needs ahead of theirs Cohesiveness The positive association of the group members have with their group is calledpositively related to performance to a point When Cohesiveness reaches a point where it begins to be counterproductive to the group This phenomenon rears its ugly little head in two ways First people become so caught up in their membership in the group that they don39t want to risk it by being the dissenting member so they go along to get along This is commonly called Groupthink Second people actually become so much like the other people in the group that there really is no difference among them some call that Unifomity Perspective Seven Participative Leadership It is useful to think of the functioning of a group as a combination of three different types of input Task inputs that specifically add content to the performance of the goalrelated task Social inputs that serve to lubricate the interaction of the group and support cohesiveness Maintenance inputs that serve the agenda statements related to process The concept of PL locates leadership as any attempt to improve the maintenance of the group In other words any input from category three constitutes leadership The notion of Participative Leadership is that groups should decide by consensus that is everyone agrees to the final product Of course in practice this is an ideal Still it is an ideal worth approaching To that end groups should not vote Voting patterns lead to factions and faction kill groups Types of Discussion Question of Factwhat did happen Question of Conjecturewhat will happen Question of Valuewhat should happen Question of Policyplanned action Good Discussion Simple Definitional consensus Properfocus Objective won t bias the list of possible responses Controversial Containing discussable content