Week 1 Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Janiel Celeena Santos on Wednesday September 30, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 202 at University of Oregon taught by Measelle J in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 56 views. For similar materials see Mind and Society >2 in Psychlogy at University of Oregon.
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Date Created: 09/30/15
Psych 202 September 28 Lecture General Class info Themes 0 Brain Mind Individual and groups Psychology at multiple levels of analysis 1 Biological 2 Cultural 3 Social 4 Individual Development across lifespan Prediction of human behavior using data Normal exceptional impairment and animal models 0 Universals babies react with fear at 812 months 0 Individual How an individual baby displays fear Modest Effect Link between viewed violence and aggressionviolence is signi cantly stronger than Lung cancer and smoking Having sex with a HIV partner and contracting the disease Alcohol consumption and birth defects September 30 Lecture Human Subiects Pool Introduction to Participatina in Resejrch Obiectives Handson experience with psych research 0 Makes Psych easier to read Helps teach how research is done 0 Learn about different kinds of research Fields of Research Cognitive Clinical Linguistics Social Personality Cultural Developmental I Studies Surveys 0 Brain scanning Questioners Methods vary from term to term N0 same test lhr of time 1 Credit SONA Consent Document 0 Signup only if you are a new user 0 Researchers won t see contact information 0 Online studies available Limited space 25 credit limit 0 Can cancel up to 6PM at night Prescreening survey 12 credit opportunity Paid studies do not count to wards credit Questions hscoorduoredoedu Human Subjects Coordinator Themes of Psvcholoqical Science The Old Origins of Psychology as Theory of Human Functioning Does Brain Mind 0 Nature vs Nurture What role does nature or genetics play Mind 00 Thoughts 00 Feelings 00 Are we Divine Psvcholoov as a science the study of Mind Menta Activity Perceptions Memories Thoughts FeeHngs O O O O 99 99 99 9 Behavior How do people commit horrible acts and live with themselves 00 Our actions Brain and Mind Separable or lnseparable Theory ofDuaism Our material bodies and our immaterial minds are separate Rene Descartes challenged older views of dualism through powers of observation and doubt what the mind does is really just the brain in action Believed that 39rational though was divine and separate immaterial from the body Material quotTraditional arguments about the soul as nonmaterial must be replaced by a materialistic understanding of how the brain produces the mind Current scienti c consensus there is no 39you no such thing as a soul Experimental Psychology Began with lntrospection 1879 Wilhelm Wundt Established the rst psychology laboratory in Germany What are the basic components of mental experience Interested in our 5 sense as the gateways by which experience gets into our mind What is the conscious experience of perceptions Developed the method of introspection quotcontrolled introspectionquot as a way to understand conscious experience 9 O O O 99 99 99 99 Thresholds Being consciously aware of perceptions lntrospection to Structuralism Edward Titchener Pioneered a school of thought that became known as structuralism O 00 Conscious experience can be broken down into basic underlying components 0 00 Used introspection to study consciousness Problems with Structuralism and by default lntrospection Experience is subjective IIiliamjames physiologist philosopher 00 Father of American psychological science 00 In uenced by Darwin s Evolutionary Theory 00 Argued the mind consisted of a stream of consciousness that could not be frozen in time broken down and analyzed Functionalism psychologists ought to examine the functions of the mind as it adapted to experience and environment Functionalists argued that behavior serves as a purpose has a function Theory of Gestalt The whole of the conscious experience is different from the sum of its parts It is dependent on context In uenced the study of vision and human personality 00 Founded by Max Wetheimerin 1912 Sigmund Freud Much of human behavior is determined by mental processes operating below the level of awareness Introduced the notion of the unconscious 00 Unconscious Automatic processes Driving Breathing 00 Hazing The more it hurts the more you like it 00 Subliminal priming