Durkheim and Suicide
Durkheim and Suicide SOC 325
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jahima Lujan on Wednesday September 30, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to SOC 325 at Missouri State University taught by Dr. J. Harms in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 42 views. For similar materials see Sociological Theory in Sociology at Missouri State University.
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Date Created: 09/30/15
Sociological TheorySOC 325 (September 21, 2015) Emile DurkheimOrganic Analogy (society is like an organism, it evolves simple to complex). o Born in 1858, Epinogue, France. Died 1917 after 1 WW. o First academic Sociologist in France. o Traditional to Modern Society=Moral Crisis (choices to make but we can’t see the consequences). Morality: existence guided by an awareness of an order above, beyond, and external to the individual. Collective Conscience/Consciousness: shared world view members of a society have which provides normative structure for collective action and basis for meaningful individual action. Anomie: normlessness from rapid social change…especially technology. Caused by change happening faster than humans can react and process together. Society is Sui Generis (sweet of its own birth) o Greater than the sum of its individual parts. Creative synthesis of individual consciences and experiences. Ex: H+O=H2O…humans come together and interact. Society is real=Social realist Sociology studies the facts Shared makes real, by sharing something, we can make it have consequences External to human begins They constrain us Dualism of Human Nature Homo Duplex: Animal: drives sensations, feelings, personal, and profane. (Body) Social: drives values/concepts, norms, universal, and sacred. (Soul/Spirit) Sacred: something added to and above the real. Ex: flag is cloth/significant social meaning. (September 23, 2015) Durkheim Division of Labor in Society o Published in 1893, his doctoral dissertation o Organic Analogy: Society is like an organism, transforming form simple to complex. o Cause of Moral Crisis. o Traditional Society Small size Have strong collective consciousness and norms Hems in individuals: Little Individualism Has segmental structure. (ex: earthworm segment parts) Mechanical Solidarity: Cohesion via likeness. Uses Law as an indicator in cohesion Repressive Law: severe consequence o Modern Society Large size Weaker collective conscience Individuals less hemmed in: o Individualism: individuals free to do things differently o Specialization: lays foundation for division of labor Organic Solidarity: Cohesion via functional interdependence (our bodies) Uses Law to restore situation as it was before o Restitutive Law: lenient consequence Moral/Dynamic Density: causes of change from traditional to modern (rate of interaction) o Technology Transportation and Communication o Population Density People gather in cities o Population Increase Infant mortality decreases People live longer Abnormal forms of Division of Labor o Anomic: “organs are not working in harmony” Ex: Commercial Crisis (recessions and depressions) Ex: Conflict between labor and capital (strikes) o Forced: “social functions not allocated properlydon’t fit individual talents” Ex: ascription (role in society) to achievement (meritocracy, achieved role) o Detailed: “not sufficient activity for individuals” (September 25, 2015) Suicide: moral vs economic constrain o Durkheim published this in 1897 o Documents moral crisis associated with modernity o Demonstrate how social factors, like cohesion, impacts individual existence… demonstrates need for a science of society. o Durkheim looked at suicide rates (how many per 100,000) Four types of Suicide: o Anomic: Social Norms too loose, ex: businessmen (modern) o Egoistic: Attachment to groups too loose, ex: scholars (modern) o Fatalistic: Social Norms too strong/rigid, ex: slaves (traditional) o Altruistic: Attachment to groups too strong/rigid, ex: kamikaze in WW2 (traditional)