Notes on the Emerging Conception of Rights
Notes on the Emerging Conception of Rights PS348
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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Claire on Thursday October 1, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PS348 at University of Oregon taught by Dr. Yamin in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 22 views. For similar materials see Women in Politics in Political Science at University of Oregon.
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Date Created: 10/01/15
Emerging Conceptions of Rights Readings Remember the Ladies Abigail Adams 0 Abigail Adams to Isaac Smith Jr 1771 O wants to be a rover which is prevented because she s a woman O woman travelling alone hurts her reputation having a husband puts strict preventions to see the world O learn about Catherine Macauley Q Abigail gt lt John Adams 1776 O desire for Master gt want to be on equal ground with men Abigail O mocking response gt basically doesn t give a good explanation as to why women can t vote etc John O vents saying the women should take it to Congress Abigail gt Mercy Otis Warren 0 passive aggressive way of saying that something as arbitrary as husband39s power over wife s will be broken someday Abigail gtJohn 0 John Adams to James Sullivan 1776 O logical response in how voting rights must be directly connected to owning property this is never mentioned to Abigail as a reason O maintaining a sense of society The Subjection of Women by John Stuart Mill 0 if men gt women system was for happiness of both and based on experience then adoption of this system at the time may have been for the best O never have been tested the other way around 0 arose because every woman was bound to some man gt physical fact ties to legal rights O unusual means uncustomary O women voice protest through writing because that s the only public sphere eXposure they re allowed in O even if there are laws to protect women from abuse many don t reach for it because the idea of subjection is so ingrained I enslave their minds O no one can truly know the nature of the two sexes O man thinks he knows all women based on his wife O men afraid of not leaving a legacy I the children are his Vindication of the Rights of Women by Mary Wollstonecraft 0 women are brainwashed to only aspire to instill love and that s it gt nothing further 0 focus on middle class not necessarily ladies because they are in the most natural state 0 sarcasm used heavily through the text ex woman being bothered by being referred to as rational creatures 0 current education is weakening the female mind O equivalent for males is military men I both acquire manner before morals knowledge of life before having any idea of an outline of human nature 0n Marriage by William Blackstone Outline Fun Fact 0 husband and wife are one Q beinglegal eXistence of wife is dissolved because she becomes a feme covert She is the shadow husband O husband can t grant anything to her and can t covenant anything with her O wife can be his attorney and husband can bequeath things to wife at will O husband can give moderate corrections to his wife as if she were a child I ancient privilege that is practiced by lower families O even the disabilities which the wife lies under are for the most part intended for her protection and benefit Emerging Conception of Rights Lecture 18th 19th century enlightenment ideas marriage and women s status gt Blackstone readings gt Adams 1776 Wollstonecraft 1792 19th century and Cult of Domesticity Readings gt Mill 1869 1848 was the Seneca Falls Convention with Elizabeth Cady Stanton Enlightenment Feminists gt Suffragists 0 Adams Wollstonecraft Mill Domestic Reformers gt empower women in a different way than men 0 Catharine Beecher Q Anti Suffrage Moral Crusaders gt US born call to God 0 Grimke sisters Stewart 0 Stanton Susan B Anthony In uences Enlightenment ideas and politics 0 women have the capacity for reason 0 support vote and education Religion Christianity 0 morality Q inequality went against religious doctrine and law of God Time Period 1776 Revolutionary War Adams 18th century Women and Marriage Blackstone 1830 Grimke sisters from the US 1848 Seneka Falls Convention Stanton Anthony 19th century industrialization and cult of domesticity Mill 1865 Civil War Age of Enlightenment also known as enlightenment or age of reason 0 promote individual autonomy over aristocratic privilege social contract gt blooddynasty 0 18th century Europe 100 years between 1650s and early 1800s 0 science taking over world of knowledge 0 mobilize power of reason gt reform society and advance knowledge 0 French Revolution on fraternity solidifies the idea of brotherhood Enlightenment Notion of Rights Ideas liberalism rationality reason virtue Politics nation as opposed to monarchy right of the individual market Women s Status 18th Centurv Public and Private Spheres 0 women had no political rights 0 no rights to property or education O women were protected in the private sphere because they weren t strong enough for the public I idea embedded into the educational system Blackstone on Marriage 0 Common Law O determine marriage like a contract of masterslave or employeremployee Hierarchy in house re ects national ideals I Paradox the idea of brotherhoodequality from enlightenment yet hierarchy in the house O man s political status depended on being a husband and father 0 Coverture O female identity dissolved into husband s feme covert I many comparisons to slavery I no right to property or children I 1848 one of the first acts instated for women was Women s Property Act I original contract of marriage between father and husband Abigail Adams 1776 Letters 0 remember the ladies and revolution O enlightenment notions O are you going to replace one tyrant the English with another males O questions what legitimizes things 0 friendship language crucial gt legitimize by consent 0 responses from John Adams O laughs and calls her saucy O consent majority and minority I ideas of majority ruling over the minority or vice versa What right do they have to rule over them I questions of legitimacy O qualifications of voters I if we allow females to vote we need to draw a line somewhere slippery slope Mary Wollstonecraft 1792 English Writer A Vindication of the Rights of Women Q importance of education O at this moment women are educatedraised to think that it s important to be beautiful Q What is important to a woman is never questioned O solution switch to a different kind of education system and see what happens O all people need to learn how to reason masculine virtues females can be rational and virtuous arbitrary power of beauty O can t really control 0 understands that there is some power in beauty gt must give this up in order to gain a better power O women are there to aspire love 19th Century Industrialization Q mapping of gender on social system gt emergence of middle class 0 shift from agrarian to urban society 0 good gt good changes to work gt cash 0 since work is moved out of the home gt less control for the woman 0 view that men are the breadwinners solidifies Cult of Domesticity Q piety purity domesticity submissive O notion of a true woman O wrapped in the idea of capitalization Women in 19th century 0 African American Women gt mostly enslaved during this time 0 Working class white women gt poor farmer s daughters working in upper class homes 0 immigrant women such as irish gt left Ireland due to famine treated at the same level as lower tier women John Stuart Mill 1869 Subjection of Women Q theory ys experience O utilitarian so relies on experiments etc O men gt women is a theory that has neyer been tested I educate the women and give voting rights and see what happens I method of questioning idea of the sexes O conyerted physical fact women are weaker than men to a legal right 0 what men want O willing slaye ys forced O obstacle in how men want women gt they want them to be willing I one way to solve this gt give women rights let them vote 0 comparison with slayery Interesting point In a way it s considered smart to play damb since men want the innocent pare aspect of women In order to take the most advantage of this women could play dumb to be able to get control in some semblance Thas smart to play damb