Week 5 Class Notes
Week 5 Class Notes HIST 145
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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Tiara Notetaker on Thursday October 1, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 145 at Towson University taught by Dr. Andrew Diemer in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 314 views. For similar materials see HIST 145 - HIST OF U.S. TO THE CIVIL WAR in History at Towson University.
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Date Created: 10/01/15
Common Abbreviations w with Sp Span or Spanish bc because Eng England or English est established Fr France or French gov t government gt leads to note important Week Five Class Notes Classes 929 101 929 The Revolution Main Question How do the colonists advance from con ict and protest to revolution Class Reading William Pitt s speech on the Stamp Act January 14 1776 0 William Pitt Former British prime minister during the Seven Year s War gt British victory Now just a member of parliament 0 Believed that the Stamp Act should be repealed absolutely totally and immediately Eng has the right to control govern the colonies the greater must rule the less The Stamp Act however is robbing the colonies of their constitutional rights The Americans have been treated as slaves and Parliament is now fighting against its own countrymen They have been wronged and driven to madness by injustice Tea Act 1773 0 Big part of British and colonial culture 0 Can not be grown in the colonies must be imported gt Nonimportation movement Boston Tea Partv 0 Throws tea into Boston harbor instead of allowing it to come ashore Group of Bostonians dressed as Indians gt Statement that the British are their enemies The Intolerable Acts 0 Boston Harbor is closed until MA pays for the tea 0 Kingappointed house of legislature 0 No town meetings unless royal governor approves 0 Goal isolate MA from other colonies to prevent the spread of rebellion gt Boston receives sympathy from other colonies opposite of isolation Paul Revere 0 Artisan silversmith printer 0 Part of the Boston Committee of Public Safety Met the Green Tavern in Boston Job was to monitor the British 0 April 18 1775 they were made aware that the British set out to capture American weapons ammunition Lexington Concord 0 Hopped on a horse to warn the townsmen Possibly said the red coats are coming or the regulars are coming but did not say the British are coming bc they all were British their cause was the distinction not country of origin gt Dozens of riders spreading the message Revere is captured early in the night Shot Heard Round the World 0 Lexington British win 0 Concord Colonists win 0 First major battles the start of the American Revolution Hessians 0 German soldiers rented to the King of Eng 0 Colonists see this as Brittan s corruption bringing foreign soldiers tp surpress them Lord Dunmore 0 Nov 7 1775 says that slaves in VA would gain freedom if they fought against the British Continental Congress 0 Sept 17 1774 meets to address boycotts over the Stamp Act 0 2nd meeting realizes that radical action needs to take place Thomas Paine 0 Jan 1776 Common Sense pamphlet 0 Simple facts plain arguments 0 Written not for the elite only but for everyone to read Class Reading Declaration of Independence 0 Governments are created by the people to protect people s rights 0 King George did not respect the people gt est a new government Answer The colonists transitioned from con ict and protest to revolution due to constitutional arguments against the British government taxation wo representation media such as Common Sense and the process of colonists seeing a revolution no longer compromise as their only way out 101 Revolution Part 2 Class Reading Charleston South Carolina 1777 Going to the Source 0 Celebrating in a tavern the one year anniversary of the Declaration of Independence giving a toast and cheers 0 Key points Cheers General Washington recognizing his importance as the leader of the US Continental Army signifies their rallying behind him Cheers countries in alliance w America those are nations that have acknowledged America to be a nation Cheers nationalism O O 0 Cheers US ambassadors to foreign countries a sign that America is taking action as its own nation Cheers SC which has chosen to take part in this country something bigger than itself Cheers freedom only to those who are willing to die for America indicates the pressure to chose whose side you are on the hard work that it took and will take to establish America Main Question How does the US not only claim independence but become independent Answer The Revolutionary War British Goals 0 British set out to capture major cities Majority of Americans live in the country 0 British believe there is a huge portion of loyalists compared to the few troublemakers 0 Brittan defeats Washington NY Washington falls back to NJ Washington s Goals Create a larger powerful respectable army Keep the army together in the face of the superior British army gt Whenever he saw that he was loosing he d retreat and take a moment to regroup Advantages and disadvantages of this strategy 0 00000 D Brittan may get the idea that it s winning D Americans may feel discouraged D Soldiers have time to turn on him or leave when their oneyear term is over A Soldiers get to resupply their weapons A Soldiers get an opportunity for wounds to heal get rest etc A Washington gets time to strategize and plan where to move next Winter at Valley Forge 0 Washington moves troops across the Delaware River and surprise attacks British Trenton NJ 0 1777 British capture US capital Philadelphia gt congress ees to New York Battle of Saratoaa 0 Large victory won by General Benedict Arnold gt Fr enter war on side of the Americans persuaded by Benjamin Franklin Chance to get back at Brittan for defeating them in the Seven Year s War Brittan moves war south seeking aid of loyalists 0 Appeals to slaves to fight on their side earning freedom when it s over gt More slaves fight for the British side than American Benedict Arnold 0 Sells out America joins British side Francis Marion Swamp Fox 0 Fights British w guerilla warfare 0 Hides out in the swamps John Wilkes 0 Leader of the opposition American support in GB 0 Argued that there are costs to war that citizens not just the gov t have to bear Expense gt taxation Soldiers gt fathers brothers husbands sons going off to fight risk of being killed Cutting of trade w enemy nations 0 Note John Wilkes Booth man who killed President Lincoln named after him shows how popular he was among Americans General Cornwallis 0 Retreats to Yorktown bw James and York rivers 0 Washington Fr surround him on land and water gt Cornwallis forced to surrender gt British people refuse to continue the war gt Treaty of Paris British gov t forced to recognize American independence What is a Revolution 0 A great and sweeping change 0 Industrial revolution gt changed daily life and the economy 0 Revolve revolving turning turning back to the liberties they deserved recovering what was lost not creating something new Where did the Americans get the notion of needing a revolution or calling their actions a revolution 0 Glorious revolution 1688 replaced King James w William Mary Going back the way things were before the tyranny Class Reading Key Points 2 1 A Declaration of the Rights of the Inhabitants of the Commonwealth or State of Pennsylvania 0 all men are born equally free and independent with certain natural and inherent and inalienable rights Restated Declaration of Independence 0 all men have a natural right to worship Almighty God according to their own understanding Opposite of how the colonies were originally founded 0 freedom of speech and of writing right to bear arms Bill of Rights 0 Natural inherent right to emigrate from one state to another Especially needed if western states are to be populated 2 Plan or Frame of Government for the Commonwealth or State of Pennsylvania 0 supreme legislative power shall be vested in a house or representatives and supreme executive power shall be vested in a president and council Re ects federal gov t structure 0 Term limit four years in seven To ensure no permanent members in gov t 0 The doors of the house shall remain open No business done in secret 0 Votes were to be printed weekly during their sitting with the yeas and nays on any question vote or resolution and every member shall have the right to insert the reasons of his vote Keeps the public fully aware of what and why bills are passed Justifies each representative s vote 0 Bills shall not be passed into laws until the next session of assembly People now getting to see What their representatives voted for a Why have the chance to reelect them or take them out of office before the bill is passed Although this is about as democratic as you can get getting anything accomplished is nearly impossible and this clause is changed later People are no longer jailed if they owe debt One can not earn or pay back the money from jail
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