Week of Sep. 28 Language and Communication
Week of Sep. 28 Language and Communication ANT 226
Popular in Cultural Anthropology
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jahima Lujan on Thursday October 1, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ANT 226 at Missouri State University taught by Dr. Meadows in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 15 views. For similar materials see Cultural Anthropology in anthropology, evolution, sphr at Missouri State University.
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Date Created: 10/01/15
Anthropology 226 September 29 amp October 1 September 29 2015 0 Sapir Whorf Theory theory that different languages produce different patterns of though language determines worldview Language once learned controls and thus structures how you think and perceive reality because it is the system you categorize and perceive in 0 Are human concepts of time space and matter experienced the same by all people 0 Are there correspondences between linguistic patterns and cultural and behavioral norms O Belief that perceptions and understandings of time space and matter are in part conditioned by the structure but language is not the sole determinant 0 Language Change 0 Periodic stability and change slow or accelerated O Borrowing new words or sounds from new language material culture and technology 0 Plains Indians new terms for metal horses guns diseases foods etc US new terms for computers 0 Period Change vocabulary new meanings new words ratchet tramp stamp wife beater swagger jack 0 Language Drift with separation England US Australia and India 0 Glottochronology basic nonculturally specific vocabulary is retained at approximately 80 per 1000 years Collects and computes percentage of shared basic vocab words between 2 related languages estimates the date of separation 0 How is American English changing O Decline in hand writing grammar and even concern for spelling 0 Increased loss of writing verbal communication ability 0 Bias free language movement 39 University of New Hampshire 4812 Biasfree Language Guide I Microagression Movement 0 Re ection of political correctness helicopter parenting decrease of self 0 sufficiency etc October 1 2015 Race and Ethnicity 0 Race ethnic groups assumed to have a biological basis 0 Racial Classifications still used in social popular contexts I Often based on phenotype physical looks Ethnicity identification with an ethnic group Ethnic Group culturally distinct group insecurity or region I Distinctions based on 00 0 Statuses 0 Ascribed born with no control 0 Achieved earned 0 Status Shifting Phenotype physical appearance is not reliable indication of recent relatedness or association 0 lt16 or less genetic variation between all humans 0 Culture is socially not biologically based 0 Franz Boas recognized shifts in biology due to environmentalcultural changes 0 Challenged concept of race as scientifically valid term late 1800s early 1900s Anthropology today rejects the validity of race on a biological basis or as a scientifically valid concept 0 But recognizes that it can have great culturalsocial reality 0 Race does not have scientific validity but does have socialcultural validity in how it is used Prejudice dislike of another or group based on racial or ethnic basis thoughts feelings Racism discrimination against an ethnic group based on assumed biological basis negative actions Native Americans Native American were primary slaves in US 1500s 1600s still 25 of slaves by 1730 0 Native rights annulled give US citizenship in 1924 some not allowed to vote until 1948 1954 African Americans slavery in 1500s 1865 Approximately 10 million people over 10 generations 0 Jim Crow Lawnumeral civil rights denied until 1960s and later Chinese AntiChinese acts in 1880s to 1930s California J apaneseAmericans AntiJapanese Acts 1880 to WW II 0 Regulations preventing citizenship for some purchasing land 0 Some Spy Rings but few in relation to total American population 0 442 Regimental Combat team EuroAmericans discrimination towards some later European immigrants Irish Slavs etc