Music 80C Week 2 Class Notes
Music 80C Week 2 Class Notes MUSC 80C - 01
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Elizabeth Garcia on Thursday October 1, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to MUSC 80C - 01 at University of California - Santa Cruz taught by Polansky,L. in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 139 views.
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Date Created: 10/01/15
Orches Sound Freque Music 80C Week 2 Class Notes Acoustics Psychoacoustics amp Early Electronic Music tra recruitment Auditions are playing major amp minor scales and then play anything you feel comfortable with If you need an instrument you can check one out from the music center for practice For more info check out musicucscedu ensembles Quizzes Practice quiz Thursday Be sure to bring your laptop to every class for pop quizzes Don t have access to a laptop to bring to class The TAs will provide you with an index card for the quiz a few basic concepts All sound is re ected by vibration but not all vibration is sound Sound is a perceptual dimension of all animals but varies in what is heard First an item vibrates then the air around it vibrates The change in pressure in the air over time hits the ear amp then we perceive sound Sound a change in pressure communicated by some medium air water ect the medium affects how waves will be traveled to the ear Transmission movement of pressure Transduction re ection of movement of pressure Acoustics what happens before sound hits our ear Psychoacoustics what we think happens to sound waves Audio Cognition higher level of processing sound waves what we really think happens ncy Pitch Pitch Frequency that rate at which sound is measured an acoustic principal Pitch what we do with frequency assigning meaning to it a psychoacoustic principal Amplitude Intensity Loudness Amplitude a vertical measurement of how much a medium is displaced Intensity what happens to the amplitude in the medium what happens at a specific instance of displacement the physical displacement of what is vibrating Loudness referred to as volume because it is the volume of displacement how the brain organizes intensity uses the decibel scale is the logarithmic measurement of amplitude Timbre Sound Color Spectral configurations dynamics transitions pitch amp amplitude related effects sociocultural factors everything else Think of violin players all playing the same note on the same string you would be able to notice a slight difference in the style of the notes being played Ears Humans try to figure out what sound is amp where it came from Humans cannot here above 20000 Hz Playing with sound wave frequencies Cutting frequency in half lowers pitch by one octave doubling frequency raises pitch by one octave When wave forms are frequencies apart a beat frequency occurs For example if you have a frequency of 220 amp a frequency of 22 1 there will be a beat at 1 Hz per second Readings Listenings Early electronic wire recording 1905 It is a chorus ofpeople singing a milant chant imitation of crops chant that originates in Formosa Tawaiin Nyquist Theory the rate at which sound is sampled has to be at least2 times that at which the sound is produced 2 Oscillators Presbycusis loss of sensitivity in ear stops response of high frequency occurs at a slower rate for women Heterodyne interference between 2 frequencies Luigi Russolo sounds in its unfolding of timequot the art of noises should not limit itself to an imitative reproduction Noise is a measurement of predictability We did a listening of his piece The City Awakensquot Risveglio Di Una Cittaquot from 19131914 Iames Tenner Enterance Exit Music Done in collaboration with George Brecht 1962 2 versions one done backwards amp the other done forwards One version presents noise turning into a sound wave randomness becoming predictability amp the other version presents sound waves turning into noise predictability becoming randomness Tenner was a part of the Fluxus Movement Dr Thaddeu Cahill Invented telharmonium a huge device with many oscillators the first electric organ Sound was broadcasted over telephone wires One of the first electronic music devices Theremin in Concert Cara Rockmore playing Valse Sentimentale Music was played by touching hand near vertical antenna which controlled pitch amp horizontal hand controlling loudness Change in capacities causes change in sound Ondes Martenot See Carolyn Martel s film Les Chantes de Andes for more info Ondes Martenot diffusers different models of speakers Music of the Spheres by Iohanna Magdalena Beyer Iohanna Magdalena Beyer was born 1889 In her lifetime not much was known about her she dies in 1944 of Amyotrophic Lateral Sclorosis ALS disease Although she is credited as being the first electronic music composer this is only true to the point that she wrote a piece of music written for strings amp wrote on the cover for electrical instrumentsquot William Mix by John Cage Made in the studio of Louis amp Bebe Barron Defined some concepts in a unique way which was re ected in his music Structure the way that time is divided Material what you re going to put in that time Method how do you decide when to put what where Form the aesthetic what is made up by structure material amp method Author of Lecture of Nothingquot amp In Defense of Satiequot
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