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Chapter 9- KIN 2500: Human Anatomy

by: Meghan Davis

Chapter 9- KIN 2500: Human Anatomy 2500

Marketplace > Louisiana State University > Kinesiology > 2500 > Chapter 9 KIN 2500 Human Anatomy
Meghan Davis
Human Anatomy

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About this Document

Chapter 9: Joints/ Articulations
Human Anatomy
One Day of Notes
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This 3 page One Day of Notes was uploaded by Meghan Davis on Tuesday October 14, 2014. The One Day of Notes belongs to 2500 at Louisiana State University taught by Hargroder in Fall2014. Since its upload, it has received 82 views. For similar materials see Human Anatomy in Kinesiology at Louisiana State University.


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Date Created: 10/14/14
Chapter 9 Tuesday September 233 2 14 11 2 AM I Articulations Joints 0 Movement Cartilage OOOO Where bones meet Where teeth sit down Vary in stability and mobility I By joint structure 0 Classification of Joints 0 By structure I Fibrous El El El El Bones joined by dense regular connective tissue CT Gomphosis teeth as where they sit in the maxilla and mandible Sutures joints between skull bones Syndesmosis Amphiarthrosis I Cartilaginous El El El Bones attached by cartilage Sunchondroses bones that are joined by hyaline cartilage most abundant in the body Symphyses I Synovial El El El EIIIIEIEIEIIIIIII Freely mobile Diarthrosis Articulating bones separated by a joint cavity Articular capsule 0 Two layers 0 Fibrous layer 0 Inner synovial membrane Joint cavity Synovial uid helps to nourish articular cartilage Chondrocytes Absorbs shock because bones are pressed together Articular cartilage end of the bones hyaline cartilage reduce friction shock absorber Ligaments connects bone to bone Dense regular connective tissue Strength and reinforce capsule Nerves detects pain and some temperature amount of stretch we do with joint Blood vessels nourish tissue around synovial joint Accessory structures 0 Bursae around synovial joint tendons or muscle rub Contain synovial uid 0 Tendon sheaths elongated bursae 0 Fat pads one in knee 0 All help reduce friction and make capsule as tight as it can 0 Types of synovial joints I Movement described around three planes or axes El El El Uniaxial joint moves in one plane or one direction Biaxial move in two ways Multiaxial moves in several ways I In order of increasing movement the six classes of synovial joint El EIEIEIEI El Plane Hinge Pivot Condylar Saddle Ball and socket joints I Movements at synovial joints El El El El Gliding motion articular surfaces sliding back and forth or side to side Angular motion increases or decreases the angle between bones Flexion Extension Hypertension Lateral exion Abduction Adduction 0 Circumduction Rotational motion a bone tums on its longitudinal axis Special movements only occur at speci c joints Depression vs elevation Dorsi exion vs plantar exion Inversion vs eversion Protraction vs retraction Opposition touching thumb to each nger 00000 000000 Anatomy 2500 Page 1 0 Selected articulations in depth I Joints of the axial skeleton III Temporomandibular joint TMJ diarthrotic hinge joint between mandibular condyle and temporal bone with O Articular disc 0 Hinge joint and gliding joint only movable joint in the skull I Intervertebral articulations III Amphiarthrosis between vertebral bodies Diarthrosis between articular processes El Vertebral bodies separated by El Ligaments O Joints of the pectoral girdle and upper limbs I Stemoclavicular joint III Diarthrotic saddle joint between manubrium of stemum and stemal end of the clavicle 0 Ligaments ltgt Anterior and posterior sternoclavicular ltgt Costoclavicular ltgt Interclavicular I Acromioclavicular joint III Diarthrosis between acromial end of clavicle acromion of scapula 0 Ligaments ltgt Acromioclavicular ltgt Coracoclavicular I Glenohumeral shoulder joint III Diarthrotic ball and socket joint between head of humerus and glenoid cavity of scapula I Elbow joint III Diarthrotic hinge joint composed of humeroulnar and humeroradial joints 0 Ligaments 0 Radial lateral collateral ltgt Ulnar medial collateral ltgt Anular I Radiocarpal wrist joint El Diarthrotic condylar joint between 0 Distal articular surface of radius and three proximal carpal bones O Joints of the pelvic girdle and lower limbs I Selected joints include III Hip coxal joint diarthrotic ball and socket joint between head of femur and acetabulum of os coxae III Knee joint diarthrotic hinge joint between the femur tibia and patella 9 Largest and most complex joint in the body 0 Like a puzzle that doesn t t together 0 AT LEAST 10 QUESTIONS ON THE PICTURE OF THE KNEE 0 Know what side tibia and bula are on in different views 0 Ligaments can be outside or inside the capsule III Talocrural ankle joint diarthrotic hinge joint composed of two articulations 0 Talocrural joint III Joints of the foot 0 Types of diarthroses ltgt Intertarsal ltgt Tarsometatarsal ltgt Metatasophalangeal MPInterphalangeal IP 0 By function I Synarthrosis I Amphiarthrosis I Diarthrosis TQ The most injured joint in body is ankle TQ Which of the following is part of the mandibular joint TMJ sphenomandibular ligament extracapsular ligament styl omandibular ligament extracapsular ligament and temporomandibular ligament lateral ligament 0 Don t have to know where ligaments are just need to know what is in the TMJ TQ sits rotator cuff muscles TQ torn cartilage in the knee refers to meniscus TQ lachmans test ACL test displacement or tear only moving the tibia o PICTURES to know for test I Figure III 92 type of joint is it III 93 96 97 98 910 91 1 EIEIEIEIEI Anatomy 2500 Page 2 EIIIIEIEIEI Cl 912 915 916 918 919 920 I All tables Anatomy 2500 Page 3


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