Week 6 Notes
Week 6 Notes PHIL 1000 - 01
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PHIL 1000 - 01
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Madeline Redding on Friday October 2, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PHIL 1000 - 01 at University of Missouri - Columbia taught by Matthew McGrath in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 15 views. For similar materials see General Introduction to Philosophy in PHIL-Philosophy at University of Missouri - Columbia.
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Date Created: 10/02/15
Traditional Arguments for God39s Existence 0 Background De ning 39God39 to mean a perfect being omniscient omnipotent and omnibenevolent This conception of God is sometimes called quotPhilosopher39s Godquot Omniscient all knowing Omnipotent all powerful Omnibenevolent all good 0 Traditional Arguments for God39s existence Moral arguments General idea morality has certain features and the only reasonable explanation of its having those features is that God exists So very likely God exists An unsuccessful moral argument Moral obligations can39t bind us unless there is a guaranteed penalty for not conforming to them The only way to have a guaranteed penalty of this sort is for God to exist and punish those who don39t conform So God exists A better moral argument If objective right and wrong exist then right and wrong must be grounded in God Objective right and wrong exist So God exists Argument for morality Morality has certain features Such features can only be reasonably explained by the existence of God Therefore God exists How could God be the source of objective right and wrong 0 According to the Divine Command Theory of Morality To be right is to be commanded by God To be wrong is to be forbidden by God 0 The Eu thyphro Dilemma Socrates if Is an act right because the gods approve of it or do the gods approve of it because it is right The Divine Command Theorist will say an act is right BECAUSE the gods command it Why does God command an act then Possibilities God has no reason for his commands a Makes moral obligations arbitrary b Could God have equally well commanded murder If so would it have been right His reason is the good of humanity or of creation a Is good understood in terms of God39s approvals or commands i If not some moral values are not dependent on God ii If so we39re back to the question of why God approves of what he does His reason is his love for humanity a But is God essential to morality then b Couldn39t we claim that acts are right or wrong depending on how they show or promote love It is inconsistent with theism to say that God commands the acts he does because they are right A theist needn39t be a divine command theorist Review in Discussion 0 Variants of argument for morality lst Variant Alleged feature of morality binding moral obligations require guaranteed penalty for failures to con rm 2nd variant Alleged feature of morality Morality is objective
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