Week 6 of Philosophy Notes
Week 6 of Philosophy Notes PHIL 1000 - 01
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by William Bartek on Friday October 2, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PHIL 1000 - 01 at University of Missouri - Columbia taught by Matthew McGrath in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 25 views. For similar materials see General Introduction to Philosophy in PHIL-Philosophy at University of Missouri - Columbia.
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Date Created: 10/02/15
Philosophy 1000 Traditional Arguments for God s Existence Background 0 Defining God a perfect being 0 Omniscient All knowing o Omnipotent All powerful o Omnibenevolent All good 0 This conception of God is often labeled as quotThe Philosopher s God Traditional Arguments o Moral arguments o Ontological Arguments o Cosmological Arguments o Argument from design Moral Arguments o Morality has certain features and the only reasonable explanation of its having these features is that God exists 0 Bad argument 1 Moral obligations can t bind us unless there s a guaranteed penalty for now conforming 2 Only way to have a guaranteed penalty of this sort if for God to exist and punish those who don t conform 3 Therefore God exists 0 Better argument 1 If objective right and wrong exist then right and wrong must be grounded in God Objective right and wrong exist 3 Therefore God exists Divine Command Theory of Morality 0 To be morally right is to be commanded by God 0 To be wrong is to be forbidden by God 0 Is this theory true 0 It does explain premise 1 in the better argument Euthyphro Dilemma o Is an act right because God approves of it or does God approve of it because it s right 0 Divine Command Theorists say an act is right BECAUSE God commands it Possibilities 0 God has no reason for his commands 0 Makes moral obligations arbitrary 0 Could God have equally commanded murder 0 His reason is the good of humanity or creation o Is good understood in terms of God s approval or commands I If good is independent of God moral values aren t dependent on God I If so we re back to the question of why God approves what he does 0 His reason is the love of humanity 0 But is God essential to morality then 0 Couldn t we claim acts are right or wrong based on how they show love 0 It s consistent with theism to say God commands the acts he does because they re right 0 A theist needn t be a divine command theorist
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