Week Seven Notes: Solidification of Serfdom and Schism in the Church
Week Seven Notes: Solidification of Serfdom and Schism in the Church History 325
Popular in Russia to 1881
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by KatieAlbritton on Friday October 2, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to History 325 at University of North Carolina - Wilmington taught by Dr. Susan McCaffray in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 56 views. For similar materials see Russia to 1881 in History at University of North Carolina - Wilmington.
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Date Created: 10/02/15
Week Seven Serfdom Solidi ed and the Schism of the Orthodox Church Study Soup Katie Albritton Serfdom Solidified Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich 16451676 Riots of 1648 role of Pomeshchiki Copper Riots To appease them ends statute of limitations Story of the 17th century Solidification of serfdom Schism of the Orthodox church The Ulozhenie of 1649 Fundamental Law of Muscovy Concerning serfdom All registered and unregistered peasants Runaways must be returned with their wive and children Slavery is illegal Makes serfdom law Taxation is extended to all bound peasants Landlords collect the tax Now who benefits from serfdom The state and the land owners common interests Government owns a lot of land Crown and state lands The System Hardens A Service State Peasants serve their masters Masters serve the Tsar Tsar serves the state Is there any true private property Not really If the Tsar takes the land there is nothing the Pomeshchiki can do about it Common Interests Nobles and state seek to nail people down People seek to escape the borders The Tsar grew fat and the people grew lean Government begins trying to catch runaways Passport system Schism in the Russian Orthodox Church Orthodox Pravoslavie correct praising It matters HOW God is worshipped A liturgical faith The same yesterday today and tomorrow What is implied in reform We weren39t doing it right before What about my ancestors The Church39s Position mid 17th century 1589 Independent Patriarchate in Moscow 1611 Patriarch Hermogen convokes army Election of new dynasty External Developments Intellectual awakening Scientific Revolution Enlightenment Religious violence Protestant V Catholics Jesuits Greek clerics and scholars visit Moscow Learning study of the old texts Visiting Constantinople Zealots of Piety 1630s Priests interested in renewing enthusiasm of faith in Russia Good behavior Tsar Alexei Very pious Sympathetic to the Zealots Catholic Expansion Eastward Catholic Reformation 16th17th c Jesuit order Missionary work in Poland and Eastern Europe 1596 Uniate Church Easternrite Catholics Don39t have to learn Latin Accept Pope Creeping Latinism Patriarch Nikon r 16521667 Metropolitan of Novgorod Nikita Minov A zealot with his own ideas Must root out deviations from Greek Orthodoxy Russian church in error in practices Nikon39s Reforms End polyphonous services Multiple priests reading at the same time confusing Use three fingers to cross oneself instead of two Change spelling of J esus39 name Use five loaves instead of seven for communion Walk east instead of west in procession Changes to the creed Sing three alleluias instead of two Alexei and Nikon Tsar backs Patriarch39s reforms BUT Disagreement over Ulozhenie Churchman subject to lay court Nikon objects 1658 Nikon departed Moscow Goes to a monastery Church Sobor Council of 16661667 Nikon was deposed His reforms were adopted Raskol Schism Old Believers Did not change Solovetskii Monastery in the north Patriarch wrong Tsar a heretic Archpriest Avvakum 16201682 Account of his sufferings Old believers punished Dramatic violent showdown People who adopted reform V people who refused to change Most people changed 1699 is the end of the world Mass selfburning People setting themselves on fire sometimes inside churches Part of potential anti government force Cossacks Ermak the Siberian Tatar origins Lower branches of major rivers Zaporoahian Dnieper Don Volga Live free on the borders Great horseback riders To go Cossack Escape Serfdom Escape taxes Escape religious persecution Escape something else Personal reasons Family situational To chase freedom Would not farm Serfdom follows the plow Fish mine salt guide mug people