Week Five Notes
Week Five Notes EDUC247010
Popular in The History of Education in America
Popular in Education and Teacher Studies
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Julia on Friday October 2, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to EDUC247010 at University of Delaware taught by Hampel,Robert L in Spring 2015. Since its upload, it has received 55 views. For similar materials see The History of Education in America in Education and Teacher Studies at University of Delaware.
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Date Created: 10/02/15
September 30 19th century colleges Hundreds of small churchaffiliated rural colleges Delaware Colleges Normal schools and seminaries In 1650 we have one college Harvard in the colonies By 1775 we had nine 18 by 1800 and 450 by 1900 The number of colleges boomed in the 19th centuryby 1870 we have more colleges than England Still only a fraction of people will graduate college It s not horrendously expensive and as time goes on there are more and more opportunities for women The majority of these colleges have an affiliation with religion They weren t made to create ministersDelaware college was Presbyterian but you only had to be Protestant to go The idea was the spread morality to people who weren t necessarily a member of your church Until about 1870 about 1A of students went on to become ministers A lot of small towns established colleges to show that they cared about the finer things in life to attract more people It s called boosterism These colleges tend to be underfunded Delaware college closed twice in the 19th century because they didn t have enough students Rural locations were ideal for colleges because it was seen as being more moralyou re away from the temptations and chaos of the big cities The president of a college most likely had to teachthere weren t enough teachers You d learn Greek and Latin philosophy math and religion You learned via rote memorization People believed that the mind was a muscle you could exercise with practice Science was seen as less prestigious than the core curriculum The courses were rigorous though If you wanted to be an engineer you d go to West Point By the middle of the 19th century there are some opportunities to study agriculture The Land Act gave states more money to teach agriculture Let s look at Delaware College Looking at floorplans of Delaware College in 1853 we see that all the students and faculty lived in the same building as the classrooms This is partially because the faculty was supposed to keep an eye on the studentsremember that there s a wide range of ages in college students These could be younger kids Delaware students put chickens in the bell tower and played other pranksthey had to be supervised If you didn t live in this building you had to pick from a list of local families that had been vetted by the president The library is pretty small by our standards It held 2000 books compared to our current three million which was an accomplishment for the time There are literary societies a precursor to fraternities which are for the wealthy and the high achieving Other than that there are not many extra circulars Baseball is the only sport they have There are also no bathrooms because there is no indoor plumbing until after the Civil War Recitation Hall was built in the 1880s it was named after the teaching method of having you recite something from memory to learn it Delaware College is small and affordable but there are few scholarships It costs about 70 a year It didn t take the place of Delaware Academythe Academy is more college prep There are years when there are more students in the college prep than in the college The college had a precarious existence there were times when they didn t have enough students to keep the doors open People who attended were from nearby not out of state We know from the catalog that you were required to attend church twice a day You went to school 40 weeks a year Most colleges had semesters or trimesters and you went for four years You d take all of your classes with your classmates For an extra fee you could study a foreign language not Greek or Latin those are required Until the 1870s there are no PhD s in America With the expansion of elementary schools there is more of a push for female education We now believe that you should know more than how to be moral and virtuous to teach elementary education but this idea takes a long time to take root By the 1880s and 1890s there are quite a few colleges for women However they don t require that you have gone to high school or an academy A lot of the courses cover what they would have learned in high school or an academy You d have practice teaching like today Teachers would often go for one or two years you didn t need to go for four There were some men enrolled because the schools were cheaper and offered subjects that men39s colleges didn t October 2 Common Schools Urban Origins Opposition Accomplishments Contemporary parallels With the expansion of colleges in the 19th century some people push for more women s education But colleges are for men so they made seminaries They re the same thing just with a different name The government has a very small role in these colleges and seminaries The military academies are one exception it s funded by the federal government The education bureau was part of the department of the interior it wasn t even its own thing Common schools common as in shared were coed schools that went to 68 years They weren t called elementary schools because that would imply secondary school which they didn t really stress They were free where colonial schools would expect a contribution You wouldn t have to pay for books and everyone would have the same ones They were trying to have some consistency across the state They were also trying to have better conditions in schools For instance they wanted adequate lighting Common schools were still segregated They d make separate black schools but they didn t want black and white students to go to the same school Common schools grew out of urban origins They began with free charity schools for the very poor The idea was that poor families were a bad influence on children so the schools could teach them how to overcome Middle class families didn t want to send their kids to a charity school so reformers tried to reshape the schools and make them more attractive So they changed ityou go to the closest school to you The middle class kids from middle class neighborhoods went to one school the urban poor another The democrats didn t think that they should do this they didn t think it was the role of the state to create and fund schools Immigrants often were against itthey didn t like the idea that they had to send their kids to charity schools They thought they could teach their children well enough themselves Some of the wealthier parents didn t like it because they didn t want new taxes Of course some immigrant parents and wealthy parents were happy about it but that s the general trend Southerners didn t like these schools because they didn t have big citiesthey were a rural society they didn t have to worry about urban poor So the south lags behind in education Catholic parents didn t like it because you would be taught Protestantism in schools So the Catholics made their own school system Graded schools were ones that were clustered together by age or grade With rural schools this is difficult but in more populated areas you could have several classrooms separated by age People looked to schools to solve society39s problems This meant that they could ask for more funding but it also set them up forfailure Because of these schools more students are able to get an education Kids went to school more often Most of the schools are in better shape by the Civil War than they were by the beginning of the century Teachers are better qualified These schools are producing students who can get into high school Today we believe that parents should be involved in their child s school