Week 6 Notes, Greece, Bronze Age
Week 6 Notes, Greece, Bronze Age ARTH1509
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This 10 page Class Notes was uploaded by Tatiana Tabares on Friday October 2, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ARTH1509 at University of Colorado taught by Dusinberre,Elspeth Ro in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 51 views. For similar materials see Trash and Treasure in anthropology, evolution, sphr at University of Colorado.
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Date Created: 10/02/15
Week 6 Notes Minoan Crete Mycenaean Greece and the Greek Gods MINOAN CRETE Bronze Age Growth of old palaces from city plans Technological development at the end of the Bronze Age accelerated EMlll MMIA Old palaces 19301700 Knossos Phaistos Mallia Kato Zakro Were all destroyed and then rebuilt in the 1700 function of old palaces Old palaces were destroyed 1700 MMIIBIMMIII earthquake lead to fire New palaces 17001350 political cultural centers or building Knossos very large 3 football fields in the central court 5 stories high enormous Used many architecture techniques 0 shows they were interacting with people in Egypt and Mesopotamia about how to build The use of light walls in rooms towards the bottom floors 0 Lustral basin Alabaster floors Painted frescos and joined spirals Figure 8 shield lighter weight A lot of bull horns in their architecture Lots of double headed axes found on site Bull head that is hollow and could be used to drink out when you finished drinking the bull head would be over yours Thesies and the minotaur Week 6 Notes Minoan Crete Mycenaean Greece and the Greek Gods Phaistos Mallia Monster part human part bull and would eat up all of the attractive young men and women Thesies was given a red thread to find his way out of the labyrinth by Ariadne Dionysus the God takes Ariadne Labrinth comes from the greek word labris means a double bladed axe Hollow bull heads found Lots of double headed axes found at Knossos Kato Zakro BuHhead Architectural features common tolunique to the new palaces Art central court usually oriented NS use 0 Post lintel door construction 0 Black and Red columns that taper towards the bottom 0 Bull sports evident West court Theatral area Storage facilities quotmagazinesquot 0 Thickest walls in the palace limited access 0 o paved floors with pits in them 0 on either side of the pits there were big jars Pithois o pits were sealed like quothuge tuppenNare containers 0 storage of grain olive oil 0 residential quarters banquet halls reception rooms cult rooms throne room 0 anointing of someone pouring oil over someone Horns of consecration Week 6 Notes Minoan Crete Mycenaean Greece and the Greek Gods Found atop many of the buildings in Knossos Gold Signet Rings Women dancing around lilies Heads have been replaced with croques blossoms Statuettes faience gold and ivory clay Faience Female figure wearing a bell shaped skirt snakes in either hand jacket that is open exposing their breasts elaborate headdress these women were nursing Figures of a Mother Goddess or Earth Goddess Women who are dressed Minoan Matriarchy iClicker question Frescoes grandstand toreador Great spotted bull flying to the left Figure in white in the front clinging to the bulls horns Figure in white in the back of the bull with bracelets Brown figure wearing a loincloth with hair flying on the bull White painted figure female Brown painted figure male Floor frescoe on the second floor Dolphins swimming freely through the sea Sea urchins on the bottom Freedom of movement Blue Roller Frescoe quotMagical Minoanquot wind blowing through the art Grandstand Frescoe Portrayal of people in the central court all surrounding something going on in the central court Very similar to the Week 6 Notes Minoan Crete Mycenaean Greece and the Greek Gods Religion and culture power Matriarchy Important Female Goddesses of the Earth and Mother This culture showed the importance of the female Culture revolved around bulls MYCENAEAN GREECE Bronze Age period late Heinrich Schliemann Wife Sophia Schliemann Love of Homer LHl Late bronze age period Sudden increase in wealth where come from the mycenaean period begins not with a whimper but with a bang Wealth of shaft graves Explosion of technical virtuosity 0 Lily 0 Two handled pots Shaft Graves at mycenae16001500 grave circle A and grave circle B B is older than A o 6 major graves have been excavated 0 About 5 meters deep 0 grave circle A has 6 graves heads point east closely groupled all have stelae Child found covered in Gold foil Mask of King that Schliemann found and possibly reconstructedchanged grave circle B has 26 graves with no real groupings largest and richest graves in grave circle B are about equal to the poorest in grave circle A grave goods of grave circle A class structure of society Week 6 Notes Minoan Crete Mycenaean Greece and the Greek Gods Relation between mycenae and minoan crete what happened at knossos and on crete LHIIIA and B Population increase development of middle class Fortified citadels Palaces 14001200 Mycenae Tiryns Wealthy society Enormous double case made wall that enclosed the circle graves Huge fortification walls Concern for a visual catchment people who worry about siege 0 Main gate lion gate bedrock strong stable construction has lasted over 3000 Lintel stone at head of gate weighs 13 tons relieving triangle Sculpture of the lions and column are placed on top over the inte Minoan altar Kineg power demonstrated from lions o Postern gate back gate 0 Sally port Corbel vaulting rough over a space in a way that is notjust flat Palace Structure 0 Megaron unit Consist of Throne room porch antichamber Looks like a squid Lots of gates to enter 0 Create a vulnerability because your right hand is towards the wall where people are throwing things on you from above Week 6 Notes Minoan Crete Mycenaean Greece and the Greek Gods Megaron unit 0 Porch with two columns then antichamber huge hearth in the center and the throne bent axis Fortified worried about warfare Pylos Palace of Nestor Fortified Central Megaron Unit A room full of kylix Shared architectural features of palaces Central megaron unit Colonnaded court in front of megaron Secondary megara Bathrooms Concern for views why Function of palaces Working as storage places and distribution 0 Climate control approach refrigerators Trade storage m Frescoes emphasize hunting Statuettes o of matriarchal goddesses m Kylix cups used for feasting Stirrup cup Writing linear b Tablets 0 script that is used for writing Greek Week 6 Notes Minoan Crete Mycenaean Greece and the Greek Gods who were they what were they what did they do what were their attributes the links below take you to the Perseus Project where you may see images definitions ancient texts archaeological information etc on each of the gods Chaos when Sky Ouranos Earth are split Titans Giants Time Chronos o Ate all Rhea39s children Flow or Ease Rhea o Attempts to save one of her children 0 Zeus is nursed by a golden goat o Nectar and Ambrosia Zeus king of godssky God god of justice thunderbolts weather Zeus rips of his testicles of Chronos Chronos is given something to vomit up all of his children he swallowed whole Recognized by the thunderbolts in art Has sex with everyone that moves Hera queen of gods goddess of power childbirth Does not get along with Zeus Wife of Zeus Poseidon god of the sea earthquakes horses Trident that can cause earthquakes if it is thrown at the ground Hestia goddess of hearth Huge plastered hearths in the middle of the Mycenaean palaces Nobody cares about her Hades god of the underworld God of the Dead Three headed dog with snakes on its head guards the undenNorId Week 6 Notes Minoan Crete Mycenaean Greece and the Greek Gods Demeter goddess of crops Goddess of the Earth Has a daughter Persephone In her anguish of her missing daughter she causes the crops to wither the Earth to die Persephone queen of the underworld 12 year One day playing in a meadow with friends Is dragged off to the undenNorId by Hades Ate 6 pomegranate seeds and spends 6 months in the undenNorId as Hades wife and 6 months on the Earth with Demeter This is the cause for winter god of warfare manic scary Very attractive Child of Zeus Athena goddess of warfare tactical wisdom crafts patron of Athens Remains ever a virgin Child of Zeus Matis demiGod of thought that is turned into a fly and swallowed Goddess of strategy skill thought wisdom Owleyed Owl is her animal Head of a medusa on her breast Aegis goat skin cloak filled with snakes Artemis goddess of hunt wild animals Offspring of Zeus Leto and Zeus Twin Virgin chaesed pure First born of the twins Shoot arrows of disease 0 Bring peaceful death Apollo god of music light harmony balance Offspring of Zeus Leto and Zeus Week 6 Notes Minoan Crete Mycenaean Greece and the Greek Gods Twin Measure rationality Floating island that was not anchored so he could be born This is because Hera threatened to curse the Earth if they allowed Leto to give birth to the second twin Arrows of disease Hermes god of tricksters merchants guides souls to the underworld Half brother to Apollo Son of Zeus Nymph Maya Born before Hera could do anything about it Hanging out in a cave after 2 days Steals cattle from Apollo and tricks him God of storytellers business people tricksters Guides souls to the undenNorld Special staff associated with doctors Aphrodite goddess of love Born from the testicles of Chronos and the foam of the sea Gorgeous Set up with Hephaistos She like Ares Hephaistos leaves a trap on the bed to catch Aphrodite with Ares o lnsnares them in the net 0 All the other Gods come and stare Special belt that makes people attractive Dionysos god of wine ecstasy wild abandon Ecstacy to stand out from yourself being able to have an alternative expenence Son of Zeus and Princess Semali o Asks Zeus to swears on the river sticks that he will present himself as Zeus 0 Which is a lightning bold Takes the guise of Semali39s elder nurse Hephaistos god of smithcraft The God of making things the God of engineers Week 6 Notes Minoan Crete Mycenaean Greece and the Greek Gods Crippled leg
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