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Soc 205 Week 7 Notes

by: Angelina Notetaker

Soc 205 Week 7 Notes Soc 205 002

Angelina Notetaker
GPA 3.7
Crime, Public Policy, and the Criminal Justice System
Maria B. Velez

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About this Document

The topic for this week of notes was about understanding the key theoretical perspectives on the law and criminal justice system.
Crime, Public Policy, and the Criminal Justice System
Maria B. Velez
Class Notes
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Angelina Notetaker on Friday October 2, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Soc 205 002 at University of New Mexico taught by Maria B. Velez in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 22 views. For similar materials see Crime, Public Policy, and the Criminal Justice System in Sociology at University of New Mexico.


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Date Created: 10/02/15
Soc 205 Week 7 Notes Week s Objectives 0 Understand key theoretical perspectives on the law and criminal justice Key Questions I What is the purpose of the criminal justice system 0 How does the law and criminal justice system fit within the larger organization of society I Whose interests are represented by the law 0 How does the broader culture and its systems of beliefs in uence the administration of justice Social Contract an implicit agreement among the members of a society to cooperate for social benefits for example by sacrificing some individual freedom for state protection Consensus vs Con ict Perspective The law is putting in to action what we want Everyone Agrees with it Fight Between the rich and poor Haves Have Nots Two Basic Camps that Organize Theories 0 The Consensus View of Law More about moral rights 0 Universal agreement on what is right and wrong I Thus agreement exists on outlawed behavior 0 Acts are considered illegal if society views that behavior to in ict social harm Laws apply to all citizens equally Does not look at race gender class and etc 0 Stresses the benefits of law and criminal justice Positive View I Brings order and stability to society 0 0 Most criminologist us this perspective when thinking about crime 0 Con ict View of the Law Haves and Have Nots 0 Laws and criminal justice favors dominant group interests I Thus crime is a politically defined concept I The law is a tool of the ruling class used to control the powerless 0 Law is repressive 0 Real crimes or crimes of domination are not outlawed I Example not safe working area the government does not have an office for safety rules at place like lead factories If a worker is killed by equipment it is not consider homicide but it can fall under a misdemeanor because of the company Haves Importance of Theory I Offers an explanation of the social world 0 Specifically offers answers or takes to previous questions 0 In criminology there is a very strong view in using theories and in Sociology work off from theories to help future theories I We ll talk about theories and their relation to social order and control 0 Social Control I Informal more has to do with the people helping the police in controlling crime 0 Example Neighborhood Watch I Formal Social Control actions of the state which is more of what we look at in this class 0 Example Police City Counsel Senators Prisons Punishment and C S I Helps guide empirical research I Theories have different strengths and weaknesses 0 If a theory says that it has no strengths or weakness then you should question it Theory Overview I Social Contract 0 Consensus Perspective 0 Durkheim Functionalism I Con ict Perspective 0 Marx O Weber I Poststructuralism O Foucault I Symbolic Interaction Labeling I Feminist Social Order 0 Requirement that all societies have to ensure a basic level of stability to maintain peace and function in an efficient way 0 Positive sanctions 0 Sets of rewards that induce conformity I Socialization also works to induce conformity 0 Family is one of the earliest structures that socialization was started When looking at juvenile crimes most criminologist look at the structure of the family then schools and etc 0 Formal negative sanctions O Intended as a punishment and deterrent I When is punishment to much 0 Erikson Kai T 1966 Wayward Puritans A Study in the Sociology of Deviance New York John Wiley and Sons Inc 0 Three crime waves in 17th century American Puritan settlement 1 During this period of time people who believed they were truly touched by grace thought that they were different from other but they were still punished because the church was the state at the time and had the power to punish whoever they wanted 2 Quakers at the time had different views of norms that did not fit Puritans way of life and Quakers were kicked out from Puritan settlement because of their belief system 3 The last crime was the witch trails during the Puritan time Where many innocent people were burned to death because of the inaccurate statements of others 0 Review of court records from Essex County 0 The main idea to take way from these crimes are that what we see as deviant has a lot to do with the time period you are in because many ideals change over time I Crime shows where boundaries are ie boundary maintenance I Constant level of deviance 0 Criteria for deviance may change Functionalism 0 Anomie 0 When looking at Anomie we are looking at a macrolevel which is more about the population on a large scale 0 Durkheim I According to Durkheim Anomie happens when crime begins to increases to fast because there is less motivation to create positive goals and means 0 Merton 0 Strain Theory Agnew 0 When looking at Strain Theory we are looking at a microlevel which is more about the individual 0 Negative relationships I neg affect I antisocial behavior 0 Types of negative relationships I Actual anticipated failure to achieve positively valued goals I Actual anticipated removal of valued stimuli I Actual anticipated presentation of negatively valued stimuli I In this theory criminologist notice that anger can be a leading factor to crime Question to Thinking About 1 How do laws most directly impact your life 2 Do you think the answer will be different from that of other social stand points 0 Con ict Perspective 0 Social Order HavesHave Nots it is not unformed and they look more at the rich and power I Focused on economic class 0 Marx helps us understand that the police are the armed agencies of the state and they are to protect the rich 0 Exploitation I Bourgeoisie vs Proletariat ie property owners vs workers 0 State re ects interests of the dominant class 0 Reading 1 by Chambliss 1964 is an example of this perspective because the law in that time only benefited the landowners and not the serfs slaves Weber 0 Also uses Con ict Perspective 0 When thinking about any law you need to think of the history that comes with it Weber believed that the law is rational and problematic he looked at how states over time became the power created a monopoly of crime Example the Death Penalty 0 Study law in its own social and historical context 0 Rational State 0 Systematic predictable universal law 0 Centralization of authority and raise of the state I Systematic but meaningempty bureaucracy I Iron Cage 0 State has a monopoly on legitimate use of violence 0 Capitalism Foucault 0 PostStructuralism alternative to neoMarxism that does not give as much primacy to capitalism class relations 0 Power system with multiple players 0 He was very big on understanding the reason for prisons O H power is expressed I Structure of penal institutions 0 How control is exercised 0 He believed that to fix deviant behavior you made people do the work or in other words you become the person who enforces power above yourself 0 E g Disciplinary power and the docile body 0 How penal institutions are informed by forms of knowledge and technique 0 From the scaffold to the penitentiary Punishment as a political tactic 0 Punishment controls the body politic O Punishment was once used only in the action of revenge but over time it was changed to make people better 0 Explains why apparent criminal justice failures may nonetheless contribute to political control I E g Prison does not control the criminal in controls the working class by creating the criminal 0 Discourse 0 System of ideas through which knowledge and power are reproduced This is also the way we talk about the crime system 0 No discourse fully represents the truths about crime or other social phenomena 0 Power of one discourse in relation to another I Power in the reproduction of knowledge End of Week 7 notes 0 Also Week 8 Notes will hopefully be uploading by next Friday or Saturday at the latest Thank you for using Studysoup


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