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Week 6 Notes

by: Alyson Hankins

Week 6 Notes History 1200

Alyson Hankins
Survey of American History Since 1865

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Survey of American History Since 1865
Class Notes
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alyson Hankins on Friday October 2, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to History 1200 at University of Missouri - Columbia taught by in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 12 views. For similar materials see Survey of American History Since 1865 in History at University of Missouri - Columbia.


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Date Created: 10/02/15
Tuesday September 29 2015 American History Lecture From Suffrage to Sanger Feminism and Women s Rights in the Early 20th Century The woman movement During the nineteenth century Americans had talked of the woman movement The use of the singular woman had implied that all members of the female sex had common interests based on an assumed universal status as mothers and wives The rise of modern feminism Women embrace term feminism starting in 1910s to differentiate from the woman movement Feminism place new emphasis on individualism diversity of woman s experiences an end to gender hierarchy greater sexual freedom economic independence and reproductive rights Margret Sanger right for birth control Suffrage campaign All feminists are suffragists but not all suffragists are feminists National Woman Suffrage Association American Woman Suffrage Association National American Woman Suffrage Association Height of woman s suffrage in 1910 Carrie Chapman Catt and the National American Woman Suffrage Association Taught American people about woman suffrage Alice Paul and National Woman s Party Congressional union Need a constitutional amendment to get equality Protested daily at the white house Mr President how long must woman wait for liberty Tuesday September 29 2015 Women went to prison and didn t eat so the guards had to force feed them 19th Amendment ratified in 1920 giving women the right to vote Heterodoxy Located in the radical bohemian social milieu of New York s east village and led by Marie Jenny Howe Important social circle where women s issues were discussed Largely consisted of professional middle class women Offered a glimpse of the woman of the future Charlotte Perkins Gilman Writer public speaker member of heterodoxy Said woman didn t choose their husband because she loved them but because she needed him for her economic standard Economic autonomy Economic independence paves the way for sexual independence Sex rights Didn t agree that only men could have erotic passions Celebrated female sexuality Margaret Sanger and the birth control movement Series of Comstock Laws makes it illegal in United States to distribute contraceptive devices or information Wrote weekly sex education column what every girl needs to know Sexually transmitted diseases and pregnancy Postal service tried to not distribute but made it even more popular Opened nation s first birth control clinic in 1916 in Brooklyn Founded American Birth Control League in 1921 Much broader appeal to those who are looking for family planning No woman can call herself free if she can t control her own body Tuesday September 29 2015 WW1 wipes out woman suffrage The Progressive Presidents Roosevelt Taft and Wilson National Progressivism Progressives increasingly of the opinion that the rise of big business and national organizations makes local government incapable of addressing broad social is Progressives come to believe that only the federal government can tackle complex national issues and combat concentrated corporate power Progressives help give rise to modern presidency with the office growing in influence power and prestige Theodore Roosevelt Left the navy to be a rough rider during the SpanishAmerican war Roosevelt s square deal Roosevelt attempts to differentiate between good corporations that benefit the American public and bad corporation that want to profit through unfair business practices Roosevelt breaths new life into Sherman Antitrust Act of 1890 uses legislation to bring lawsuit that breaks up the Northern Securities Company in 1904 Roosevelt attempts to act as a mediator in conflicts between labor and management intervenes to the benefit of workers in 1902 coal strike Hepburn act 1906 empowers interstate commerce commission to set railroad rates Pure food and drug act amp meat inspection act both aim to protect consumer from harmful goods and products Teddy Roosevelt and John Muir Gifford Pinchot and conservationism William Howard Taft Taft in the Philippines Returned to the US to serve as Roosevelt s secretary of war Tuesday September 29 2015 Taft s presidency Continues Roosevelt s trust busting legacy brings lawsuit that eventually results in Standard Oil being broken up in 1911 16th amendment passed creates graduated income tax Taft angers Progressives by supporting Payne Aldriff tariff of 1909 maintains high protectionists rates Election of 1912 Woodrow Wilson democrat Theodore Roosevelt progressivebull moose Eugene Debs socialist William Howard Taft republican Woodrow Wilson s new freedom Woodrow Wilson s new freedom promises to restore competitiveness to the American economy through stronger antitrust laws policies meant to help small businesses and the right of workers to unionize Roosevelt s new nationalism Theodore Roosevelt s new nationalism accepted corporations as a basic feature of the American economy even arguing that bigness meant lower prices for consumers and jobs for workers Activist federal government would keep large business enterprises in check allowing public to reap rewards of corporate model without the excess and exploitation Woodrow Wilson MajorAchievements UnderwoodSimmons Tariff major reduction in tariff rates Creation of important new government institutions including federal reserve system and federal trade commission Clayton Antitrust Act stronger antitrust measures but also eliminates legal injunction against labor strikes


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