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Grounds Management

by: Murray Robel

Grounds Management HORT 2241

Murray Robel

GPA 3.59

Lorie Felton

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About this Document

Lorie Felton
Class Notes
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Popular in Agricultural & Resource Econ

This 7 page Class Notes was uploaded by Murray Robel on Friday October 2, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HORT 2241 at Abraham Baldwin Agricultural College taught by Lorie Felton in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 78 views. For similar materials see /class/217641/hort-2241-abraham-baldwin-agricultural-college in Agricultural & Resource Econ at Abraham Baldwin Agricultural College.

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Date Created: 10/02/15
REDUCING LANDSCAPE MAINTENANCE There is no such creature as a quotmaintenancefreequot landscape However several considerations can be taken by the designer client and landscape manager in preventing reducing or eliminating maintenance in the landscape Prevention of high maintenance landscape begins with the selection of the designer A Clients should select architect or designers that are familiar with the area Not one that lives 300 miles away and only sees the site by photograph or brief trip to the site Good site analysis is essential to better design The designer needs to be familiar with the maintenance budget This is a mistake people often make They build landscape that are quiet impressive but have no money for maintenance Or they do not take into consideration the expertise of maintenance firms in the area A designer should follow up on designs in their maintenance Many landscape firms offer packages deals in which they design install and then maintain for one year the landscape It helps their reputation This way they can ensure the landscape at least gets established and allows the client to see what it should look like properly maintained Good communication between the designer and the landscape manager is essential Some companies work cooperatively between maintenance division and the landscape division The designer is required to be on site and have followup visits Remember the landscape manager is managing plants people time money and equipment Few landscapes have the luxury of a fulltime gardener to maintain them Maintenance costs will vary with the time and type of designs A The landscape is different than building structures A landscape is installed then it must go through an establishment period maturity and then decline After 25 years a landscape should be renovated We usually renovate or remodel our buildings why not the landscape The stage at which the landscape has developed will influence the amount of maintenance Newly installed landscape and declining landscape will require more maintenance The type of design will determine budgetary concerns Formal landscape those with straight lines and clipped hedges require more maintenance than informal landscapes Informal landscapes have flowing lines and natural unclipped shrubs The simpler the design is the less maintenance For low maintenance the designer should try to strive for simplicity Straight bed edges usually have less edging than curving or flowing lines The type of plant materials used in the landscape will influence the amount of maintenance Maintenance requirements of landscape plants ranked from high to low High Maintenance Turf Plants requiring special care such as espalier and topiary Annual and perennial flowers JC iroundcovers Eeciduous and evergreen shrubs Evergreen trees Deciduous trees Low Maintenance lV There are several guides one can try to achieve to reduce maintenance in the landscape A Best possible soil conditions This is where the designer needs to be considerate of the existing site Many soils need to be condition ltwill help in the long run in drainage aeration moisture and nutrient holding capacity if the soil is the best it can be Be cautious when changing the lay of the land 1 Water needs to drain away or move across the site Water needs to drain away from buildings Standing water around plants are not good 2 Hard surface areas do not allow water to percolate into the soil Water that falls on roofs drives parking lots and walks will drain away and move into planting or turf areas and storm drains 3 Equipment and people can not operate efficiently on steep slopes Berms have a purpose but do cause more maintenance Hardscape materials must be maintained The type of material and quality of the construction will influence the maintenance 1 Wood decay resistant aged avoid green wood avoid painting if possible 2 Concrete brick stone asphalt etc needs cleaning occasionally cracks repaired some may need resurfacing Traffic across the landscape must be considered 1 Amount of traffic should dictate the type of surface material used Primary walks should have hard surfaces while secondary may have organic materials Roots migrate to surface in compacted soil on paths and may have to be maintained 2 Walk and path width is determined by the number of people using it 3 The shortest distance between two points is a straight line Avoid 90 degree angles with paved surfaces 4 Gates and entrances should be wide enough to anticipate equipment Parking or movement of vehicles 1 Overflow parking should be considered 2 Bumper curbs to prevent damage to green space in parking areas 3 Types of vehicles or equipment that must move across the site must be taken under consideration 4 More curbs more edging Eliminate unnecessary islands or curbs String trimming and edging around vehicles in parking lots is time consuming and dangerous Plant Selection 1 Select plants hardy for the area a Temperature plant should be heat tolerate as well as cold tolerate b Amount of irrigation certain plants such as turfgrass and bedding plants require more irrigation than established trees shrubs and vines c Amount of sunlight Will it be sun now and shade later Look into the future as to the size a plant will achieve so as to get a better picture of the sun exposure of the area 2 Select plants with few insect and disease problems Gardenia white fly Euonymus Euonymus scale Roses Black spot mildew etc Photinia Photinia leaf spots 3 Select plants that will fit the situation Take into consideration the spread as well as height a Plant a shrub that fits the 5 area not one that gets 810 A plant can be maintain at 23 its height and spread and still maintain its growth habit b Plants placed too closely together will eventually begin to compete for water and nutrients thus increasing need for more water and fertilization 4 Avoid plants with invasive root systems These can cause problems with paved areas mowers underground utilities EX Cottonwood or Sweetgum roots tend to surface 5 Select plants that have Small leaves are better than large leafed plants Deciduous plants that drop their foliage in a short period of time means less litter 6 Avoid plants that have Messy fruit Sycamore sweetgum etc Fleshy fruiting plants that may smell Ginkgo Weak wood Tuliptree Leaves that drop 12 months Water Oak Invasive Popcorn Tree Turfgrass selection best kept to a minimum in residential and commercial properties should have a specific function Hardiness requirements temperature sunlight etc 2 Water and fertilization requirements 3 lnvasiveness of plant Bermuda grass Groundcovers 1 Plant as close as possible to avoid weed establishment The more sunlight the closer the spacing 2 Use for heavily shaded areas 3 Use for steep slopes 4 Avoid invasive groundcovers such as English Ivy 1St year sleeps 2nd year creeps 3rd year leaps Annual Flowers 1 Should be kept to a minimum Use in highly visible areas 2 Should be adapted to the specific site location 3 Use plants that may be herbicide tolerant 4 Use plants that don t need dead heading as often Native Plants 1 Great for natural and in most cases unirrigated areas 2 Best unpruned or selectively prune to keep natural shape Be careful of the size they may reach Mulches 1 Helps conserve moisture and reduces weeds stabilizes soil temperatures 2 Avoid impermeable weed barriers Roots migrate to surface and may die from lack of moisture or oxygen 3 Need sufficient coverage for weed control Three to six inches 4 Organic mulches have to be refreshed As they break down weeds can become established in mulch 5 Inorganic mulches can build up heat Edging around beds 1 Materials brick concrete steel and plastic 2 Plastic least expensive but not as durable Long plastic sheets better to install than rolls 3 Concrete curbing along beds is easier to maintain but may distract from the overall look of the landscape M Bed Design 1 Plant material should dictate shape of beds NOT beds dictate plant materials 2 Beds should have a sweeping line to them Best way is to mow to see how to set lines Water hoes is good for establishing bed lines String and stakes also used 3 Massing plants in beds reduces maintenance N lrrigation 1 Welldesign 2 Automated 3 Designed for woody plants water deeper or turfgrass Best not to have mixed up HORT 2241 High Maintenance Situations Identify high maintenance situations and methods to correct problems Indicate Letter and number from handout Location Situations Remedy Chambliss North Excessive turf Plant with trees and groundcovers with much


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