New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Notes Lecture 5

by: Keziah Notetaker

Notes Lecture 5 14407

Marketplace > Brooklyn college > Psychlogy > 14407 > Notes Lecture 5
Keziah Notetaker
Brooklyn college
GPA 3.4
Psychology 2100
Alison Barren

Almost Ready


These notes were just uploaded, and will be ready to view shortly.

Purchase these notes here, or revisit this page.

Either way, we'll remind you when they're ready :)

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

Psychology 2100
Alison Barren
Class Notes
social psychology
25 ?




Popular in Psychology 2100

Popular in Psychlogy

This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Keziah Notetaker on Friday October 2, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to 14407 at Brooklyn college taught by Alison Barren in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 55 views. For similar materials see Psychology 2100 in Psychlogy at Brooklyn college.

Similar to 14407 at Brooklyn college

Popular in Psychlogy


Reviews for Notes Lecture 5


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 10/02/15
Lecture 5 Perception The organization identi cation and interpretation of sensory information in order to understand our environment Social Perception The organization identi cation and interpretation of sensory information plus social cues in order to understand our social environment 0 The study of how we form impressions of other people and how we make inferences about them Nonverbal Communication How people communicate intentional and unintentional without words 0 Includes appearance facial expression tone of voice gestures body positionsmovement use of touch and eye gaze O Helps express our emotions attitudes and personality Facial Expressions O Humans encode express nonverbal behavior and decode interpret meaning of nonverbal behavior through facial expressions 0 Expressions are 0 Functional Express emotion Convey attitude Communicate personality Are useful in physiological reactions Fear enhances perception an overall increase in awareness and disgust decreases perception look of disgust involves closing off nostrils o Evolved Increase survival Increase ability to accurately perceive and communicate information Paul Ekman 1969 Discovered 6 emotions that are universal 0 Happiness Sadness Surprise Fear Disgust Anger O httpwwwnbbcornelleduneurobiolandoldstudentprojectscs49095to96hjkimemotio nshtml Factors that Complicate Nonverbal Behavior 0 Affect blend Facial expression with parts of the face expressing emotions which are considered abnormal or different for those parts making interpretation dif cult ie Smizing smiling through the eyes instead of the lipsmouth 0 Display Rules Culturally determined rules about which nonverbal behaviors are appropriate to display ie smiling eye contact 0 Emblems Nonverbal gestures that have well understood de nitions within a culture usually direct verbal translations ie OK hand gesture when ipped is called ipping the bird and synonymous with the middle nger in Australia Implicit Personality Theory and StereotypeSchemas 0 Ideas of which traits go together partially depends on our culture 0 Develop over time and with experience like all schemas 0 Example The term Artistic is de ned as creatively skilled but is associated with the words intense creative and unconventional 0 Example The term Shi gu is de ned as worldly wise but is associated with the words socially skillful reserved and devoted to family Attribution Theory A description of the way in which people explain the causes of their own and other people s behavior 0 Credited to Fritz Heider the father of attribution theory 0 A study of how we infer the causes of people s behavior 0 We usually make one of two attributions Dispositional internal SituationalCircumstantial external Internal Attribution O The causes of behaviors are driven by personal factors and are dispositional o From individual traits ability effort or personality External Attribution O The causes of behaviors are driven by outside factors and are situational 0 Assume that most people would respond the same way in that situation Example of internal vs external attribution Satis ed Marriages Partner s positive behaviors ie bringing owers home are connected with internal attribution they are so thoughtful Partner s negative behaviors ie laying around after work instead of chores are connected with external attribution they must be stressed after a long work day Distressed Marriages Partner s positive behaviors ie bringing owers home are connected with external attribution they must have been cheating Partner s negative behaviors ie laying around after work instead of chores are connected with internal attribution they are so lazy and inconsiderate Fundamental Attribution Error Overestimating the role of personal causes of behavior and underestimating situational causes of behavior Example Tribute to Rosa Parks day when there was a sign on the bus to stand in honor of her Several people sat and the majority of people standing assumed those sitting just didn t care when most of them hadn t even noticed the sign to begin with Example Alex Trebeck the host of Jeopardy is thought to be so smart when he always has the answers in front of him Why do we make Social Perception Errors Perceptual Salience Seeming importance of information that is the focus of people s attention connected to external attributions Our own behavior is perceptually salient We tend to be aware of our own situational external factors causing our behavior Other s behavior stands out as being caused by dispositional internal factors Factors that play a key role include Liking or disliking someone typically based on rst impression Actually knowing the person Selfserving Biases People are motivated to feel good about themselves Successes will be due to internal dispositional factors we always want the credit Failures will be due to external situational factors it s never our fault Motivation for selfserving attributions Maintaining selfesteem and selfpresentation Maintaining expectations if we expected a positive outcome


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Kyle Maynard Purdue

"When you're taking detailed notes and trying to help everyone else out in the class, it really helps you learn and understand the I made $280 on my first study guide!"

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.