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This 7 page Class Notes was uploaded by Gay Heller on Friday October 2, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to BIO 1101 at Appalachian State University taught by Staff in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 42 views. For similar materials see /class/217683/bio-1101-appalachian-state-university in Biology at Appalachian State University.
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Date Created: 10/02/15
Worksheet 9 Chapter 5 up to lecture on 93 0 1 What was the main theme talked about in class on Monday W W COLE mm braNZ 2 What characteristics of the plasma membrane allow certain molecules to cross the SelQ i l membrane What molecule can pass through Which ones can t 9qu Com 5 W W Jr 2 W W W Loam 3What is the ecmsm for which small neutral molecule pass t ugh the membrane S m 9 ML 8U S m 4 How must larger molecule be moved through the membrane Explain the 2 ways W 5 W 39 W3 go A W x CtQQ NL re tmm E mpc WSSRVL no Eanlou i featquot F 5 TF The Phospholipids in the cell membrane are static or not moving 6 Diffusion is a ESSW Q39 transport it requires quotquot and it moves particles 39om Mgk to i 77 concentrations J O 7 De ne concentrat39 11 What s difference betwee a high and a low concentration 1A L w olmomacLes a S 39cng wm hgk oh parbe 5 ft 8Do substances diffuse in endently or dependently of other particles W 0 F pa I bc 9 What are some examples of small molecules that can diffuse across the membrane 391quot 10 TF Most molecules are larger and cannot just p 5 through the membrane If true what would they use to get across 3 PUT me C mr or ll 3911 Diffusion requires a lot of energy 7 A 1 522 3 j h I 12 What are the 3 things that can have an effect on thedi ffusion of particles through a membrane j quotl f I a c 7 a 7 7 13 The greater mntration gradie t how fastslo yv39 1 e molecules diffuse lLL c 121 out ll SL diffusion will heuwdv 5W W 4 31W ark 15Wthan w er moxie through hydrophilic and hydrophobic regions of the C C I reuse ll 2 bl CIAXV bQ mLs a vewl small 16 T Charged bi ions can easily d39 se through a membrane meg Ouch vam l WU OVL VO 17 What 2 things MAY affect the rate of dlfw r SS one 1 daggerdcsz w 18 De osmosis L wm 5k oh slum W We W momvionUuL 19 What is used as an indirect way to regulate water going into a cell Swal 14 The lower the temperature the slower the molecules are moving so the rate of d 39 394 36 SI Tuusduy 1 1403 Chapler and some of lo 1 Please ulu nu y wluch phase 0139 rnilosxs eanh ol39lhesc cells belong to and cxplmn hm is huppcujng in each cull 3 Lutch chh swimquot as ciLhcr plant or unimal cell and explain briefly the differences lwclwcen plum and animal cells yhcu dealing with cylokcmsis Station 19 Mitosis Mitosis is division Cytokinesis is division Mitosis is a sexual or39 b asexual reproduction In what phase of the cell cycle does division occur39 What are the five phases of mitosis Wher39ein what types of cells does mitosis occur39 in Mitosis cr39eates cells Station 2 9 Note car39ds On one side of the note car39e write the name of the mitotic phase On the other side write what happens in the phase You can use these as flash cards to study at home Station 3 9 The Cell Cycle What are the four main phases of the cell cycle List one thing that happens in each phase What is inter39phase When does the cell decide if it is going to divide What are some factors that regulate if a cell is going to divide a disease occurs when cells lose the ability to control growth and rapidly divide Worksheet 19 up to lecture on 1 1 1 What marks the end of mitosis in telophase r Je v MW 4 Lu M M 44wa d3 m Mm 048 2 mode 2 In or er for cytokinesis to occur what does the cell need Ag PWWKC MLW 3 TI It is very important that each daughter cell that divides gets the same number 0 organelles because it is very dif cult to re enerate new ones M39s M L 4119 Lo W W le adj m9 kespluhpid WW 4 Why isn t it important in mitosis the way the chromosomes line up in metaphase but it is very important how they line up in metaphase in meiosis What s the difference here 5 The microtubules come from the g3 bl d the micro laments support the AW W 6 What is the function of the contrac lile rin x X QM 0 0W 2er U I M davld i W which aibis ux olividbi Nit yd 0pm 7 In c okinesis what is the one di feiegce between lant and animal cells PLn A W M r m lquot F3 0 12 Wm DO WE Rsrwff39ian 8 Meiosis is 410 reproduction at the cellular level and mitosis is WWIae Sf fagjg re roduction at the cellular level r M 9 mam 39 5 1 m and NJ 0 S1 are 2 examples of asexual reproduction or w We 1 mitosis 10 F Meiosis will provide variation and this isn t typically bene cial at the individual level but it can be bene cial at the species level 11 de ne anallele HVW owe H o VMOJi mS W gtch an 8th no W e eel W bad W WM 12 Meiosis SinLaw alleles so offspring have a unique combination of alleles 13 T It is very likely that alleles will align to form another identical organism as yourself within your lifetime 14 List the 31 ways meiosis can increase variation in organisms Moesis w MAW W39m 19W a C mvxrbnmea 395 JUUbvJ 15 Why is meiosis considere a reduction division and mitosis is a duplication division r Mums a ZNOFOlAPUH CAM N501 f39 IN UY Wu in W41st WM wiiipiclampxw W Up m 2 darioloi mug 0 16 F Mitosis maintains chromosome number in cells 7 V g 17 de ne germ cells soc W sauce m 39p W9 L WFYVSOIQ 18 What are the 2things that must absolutely happen in meiosis M S l I th lwc Olww mmu 1 quot MU39SJC MYon KNEW 00 0va 19 T Meiosis deals with somatic cells and mitosis deals with germ cells 0144 W armmoi 20 Meiosis is the reduction ofthe number of 21 Meiosis begins with ampi 10 CK cells or 2N cells and after the 2 divisions take place the cells end up as lxo Lei cells or 1N cells 19 20 The bond in table salt NaCl is Biology 1101 Chapters 14 Study Questions The study of biology is important because it A provides an understanding of life B is essential for humans to understand how organisms survive C is the most dif cult and comprehensive of the sciences D explains the nature of the universe Which is the smallest unit of life that can exist as a separate entity A a cell B a molecule C an organ D a population B an ecosystem Each cell is able to maintain a censtant internal environment This is called A metabolism B homeostasis C physiology D adaptation E evolution A scienti c name consists of which of the following 1 family name II genus name HI Species name AIonly BIIonly CIonly DIandH EIIandIII Which of the following is NOT a eukaryote A fungi B bacteria C plants D animals E prOtistans A mutation is a change in A homeostasis B the developmental pattern in an organism C metabolism D hereditary instructions E the life cycle of an organism The diversity of structure function and behavior in living organisms is primarily the result of A reproduction B heredity C evolution D chance variations in living organisms Which of the following ultimately accounts for variation in genetic traits A replication of DNA molecules B genetic mutation C asexual reproduction D ecological succession E homeostatic mechanisms I Of the following which is the rst explanation of a problem It is sometimes called an quoteducated guessquot A principle B law C theory D fact E hypothesis Which is the smallest portion of a substance that retains the properties of an element A atom B compound C ion D molecule E mixture Radioactive isotopes A are electrically unbalanced B behave the same chemically and physically but di er biologically from other isotopes C are the same physically and biologically but di 39er from other isotopes chemically D have an excess number of neutrons E are produced when substances are exposed to radiation The atomic number is determined by the number of A neutrons and protons B neutrons and electrons C protons and electrons D protons only E neutrons only Which of the following statements is NOT true A All isotopes of an element have the same number of electrons B All isotopes of an element have the same number of protons C All isotopes of an element have the same number of neutrons D All radioactive isotopes are unstable Nitrogen has an atomic number of 7 How many hydrogen atoms are necessary to join with the nitrogen to form a stable compound A1B2 33 D4 E5 What is formed when an atom loses or gains an electron A mole B ion C molecule D bond E reaction A polar B ionic C covalent D double E uonpolar Electrons are shared in bonds called A covalent B polar C uonpolar D All of these are correct A hydrogen bond is A a sharing of a pair of electrons between a hydrogen and an oxygen nucleus B a sharing of a pair of electrons between a hydrogen nucleus and either an oxygen or a nitrogen nucleus C an attractive force that involves a hydrogen atom and an oxygen or a nitrogen atom that are either in two dilferent molecules or within the same molecule D None of these are correct B All of these are correct Hydrophobic molecules are water A attracted to B absorbed by C repelled by D mixed with E polarized by In a lipid bilayer the phospholipid tails point inward and form a region that excludes water A acidic B basic C hydrophilic D hydrophobic E None of these are correct 39ls39t39 Worksheet for Biology 1031101 try to answer questionswithout the help of your book or notes then go back and see what you missed or did not knowunderstand 1 A group of individuals of the same species living in the same area at the same time that can interbreed are known as r 2 A membrane bound sac in the cytoplasm having one or more specialized metabolic functions is called aan and cells have them 3 Another word for classi cation is 4 Name the levels of organization for classi cation in order 1 N99 5 How do plants receive their chemical energy 6 A mutation can be or 7 Inductive logic is a part of scienti c reasoning What exactly is inductive logic 8 Give an example of a control group and an experimental group used for testing a hypothesis 9 Nothing in science is because it always has the potential to be proven incorrect 10 What four elements make up 96 of all living things 2 3 4 1 The atomic number identi es the 12 The number of plus the number of equals the atomic mass K N Worksheet 21 l Meiosis involves 2 types of division what are each of theme responsible for muosisl medievme WUQS SZI CthnQSamJQQCQDOme 2 Where do the 3 le els of geneti variation occur and what are the 3 levels of genetic variation L SKA i prop WI 2 mmS m S v A W 3 MM W Uearkm 3 de ne spermatogenes1 rma l mo Sp maQlor mxo MOM Mm are WtMoi may 39Qbm q l 4 de ne oogenesis 5 What does oogenesis begin and end up 1t KL M I ovum 4 5 small pow looch 6 What does spermatogenesis begin and end wit on gum cdL ham 4 Stumwhoto 7 What are the 2 big d39 ference betWeen spermatogenesis and oogenesis 1L1 mA 53 H k W M M 9 Mama Wm Q MpAaA mm M 4amp 8 Germ cells2n undergo NJ 0 sis producing four cells and these undergo 4 0 4 x eithergegrma l lgmf or ooOWMS producing gametes or sperm egg cells 39 39 39 9 Once a sperm fertilizes an egg the zygote 2n will grow by a process of M i bs S 10 Is a germ cell haploid or diploid Once it undergoealiieifsi s these cells will be haploid or diploid Why a M C1 21 l s o I o A cg Dmit K LS M uosxs l ll be RmUKOl Sale 0 re cHoa cllvi Siam A 05I 11 What s another way to write or abbreviate diploid haploid CiIUIoid Ln Wloid g n 12 In oogenesis there is an n A division of the cytoplasm wh1ch results in one large GVUM and 3 smaller 392 H4 13 An ovaum has dual roles before it is implant d in the uterine w 11 what at they 9m 1 nomsk 12114 wrlx39l lis mph1 I Qpjnlovk9 ya gram 14 What are the main differenc between meiosis and mitosis mentioned in the notes 4 if r Mt i39DSkS L urn m ovaoval reproduction Mask7 sexual r Jo Mia quot 0 L7 06340 moo ngmu 39k rite 2420 gvario b m L7N0mmml yana bon Lgtcgtccurs39m WM 15 At what point is the DNA replicated in the cells 512 m imk 16 When homologous chromosomes 139 e up with each other t 395 allows for fthings what are they cross 3 ave 89kg 1 ml 16 Draw the cell cycles of a somatic cell and a germ cell What are the differences here w Cole I Pi um a6 Samavlic 94 imam l w l 0quot cow 1 g i l j l 1 are 2 C9 3 n 1 a we We aw no 3 a O fag31 A quotf E0 aresew t G 1 Hoffa w 3 C 394 50 33 5 i a climbed J V J
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