SOC 1003, Week 10
SOC 1003, Week 10 SOC 1003
Arkansas Tech University
Popular in Introductory Sociology
Popular in Sociology
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by KBeard2 on Friday March 18, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOC 1003 at Arkansas Tech University taught by J Stobaugh in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 20 views. For similar materials see Introductory Sociology in Sociology at Arkansas Tech University.
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Date Created: 03/18/16
SOC 1003: Intro to Sociology Dr. James Stobaugh Week 10 (3/14 – 3/18) Notes Social Class (continued) Different Groups (not defined by numbers/size of population) Dominant Groups – advantages, resources, rights Minority (Subordinate) Group – lacks advantages, resources, and rights of the dominant Prejudice – attitude based on faulty generalizations about a group Stereotypes Racism – treatment of groups based on prejudiced beliefs o Overt – direct, intended o Subtle – indirect, implied, “code words” Measuring prejudice o Sociologists use hypotheticals (basic “what ifs” questions) instead of direct questions o Social distance – movement of groups/individuals in relation to another group Discrimination – actions/practices of dominant group members with harmful impact on subordinate groups Individual o Isolate discrimination o Small group Institutional o Direct Institutionalized (laws) (now illegal) o Indirect Institutionalized (patterns, not official) Gender Sex and Gender Sex – biological o Male/female o Transgender (physically changed) o Transvestite (gender opposite of sex) o Hermaphrodite (ambiguous) Gender – social construction of roles and expectations Sexual Orientation o Heterosexual o Homosexual o Bisexual o Asexual o Pansexual Culture Dimensions o Micro Gender roles and identity Body consciousness o Macro Gender institutions (military, priesthood) Gender belief systems (reinforce gender institutions) Gender Inequality Sexism – subordination of one sex based on assumed superiority of another o Misogyny – sexism against women (most common) o Misandry – sexism against men Everyday Life – language and thoughts see men as the normal/standard o “Man up.” “You hit like a girl.” Healthcare – physicians more likely to dismiss women’s complaints Education – women consist 56% of college students, 57% of bachelor’s degrees, 60% of master’s degrees, but men receive higher income at every level Feminism First Wave – the Suffragettes late 1800s early 1900s o Right to vote Second Wave – Women’s Liberation Movement 1950s1960s o Feminist Mystique (role of the patriarchy) o Challenged traditional gender roles Condemned those who didn’t o Stereotype of “manhating butch” o Failed constitutional amendment against gender discrimination Third Wave o Rebellion against Second Wave’s condemnation o Individual women’s agency – right to choose lifestyle (homemaker, career) Gender Socialization Parents – name, toys, colors Peers o Boys police gender role standards (things defined as “boy” or “girl”) o Girls judge minutia within standards (hair, clothes) Schools – teachers reward outspoken boys, ignoring handraising girls Sports o Boys play competitive/team games o Girls engage in social, noncompetitive activities/games o Title 9 – requires equal slots offered for both genders of college athletes Media (presentation) o Women – shown as helpless; cleaning products o Men – shown as selfsufficient
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