New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Psych Chapter 7 Notes

by: Emory S.

Psych Chapter 7 Notes Psych 1000

Emory S.
GPA 3.87

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

Definitions from Chapter 7
Psych Notes
Class Notes
25 ?




Popular in Psych Notes

Popular in Psychlogy

This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Emory S. on Friday March 18, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Psych 1000 at East Carolina University taught by in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 5 views. For similar materials see Psych Notes in Psychlogy at East Carolina University.


Reviews for Psych Chapter 7 Notes


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 03/18/16
Chapter 7 Definitions:   Learning: the process of acquiring through experience new and relatively enduring  information or behaviors  Associative learning: learning that certain events occur together. The events may be two  stimulus (as in classical conditioning) or a responses and its consequences (as in operant  conditioning)   Stimulus: any event or situation that evokes a response  Cognitive learning: the acquisition of mental information, whether by observing events,  by watching others, or through language    Classical conditioning : a type of learning in which one learns to link to or more stimuli  and anticipate events (2 STIMULI)     Behaviorism: the view that psychology (1) should be an objective science (2) studies  behavior without reference to mental processes. Most research psychologists today agree  with (1) but not with (2)     Neutral Stimulus (NS): in classical conditioning, a stimulus that elicits no response  before conditioning      Unconditioned Response (UR): in classical conditioning, an unlearned, naturally  occurring response (such as salivation) to an unconditioned stimulus (US) (such as food  in the mouth)     Unconditioned Stimulus (US): in classical conditioning, a stimulus that unconditionally – naturally and automatically­ triggers a response (UR)     Conditioned Response (CR): in classical conditioning, a learned response to a previously  neutral (but now conditioned) stimulus (CS)     Conditioned Stimulus (CS): in classical conditioning, an originally irrelevant stimulus  that, after association with an unconditioned stimulus (US), comes to trigger a  conditioned response (CR)  Extinction: the diminishing of a conditioned response, occurs in classical conditioning  when an unconditioned stimulus does not follow a conditioned stimulus; occurs in  operant conditioning when a response is no longer reinforced   Spontaneous recovery: the reappearance, after a pause, of an extinguished conditioned  response   Discrimination: in classical conditioning, the learned ability to distinguish between a  conditioned stimulus and stimuli that do not signal an unconditioned stimulus   Operant conditioning: a type of learning in which behavior is strengthened if followed by  a reinforce or diminished if followed by a punisher  Law of effect: Thorndike’s principle that behaviors followed by favorable consequences  become more likely, and that behaviors followed by unfavorable consequences become  less likely   Operant chamber: in operant conditioning research, a chamber (aka a Skinner box)  containing a bar or key that an animal can manipulate to obtain food or water reinforce:  attached devices record the animal’s rate of bar pressing or key pecking  Reinforcement: in operant conditioning, any event that strengthens the behavior it follows  Shaping: an operant conditioning procedure in which reinforcers guide behavior toward  closer and closer approximations of desired behaviors   Positive reinforcement: increasing behaviors by pressing positive reinforcers. A positive  reinforcer is any stimulus that, when presented after a response, strengthens the response  Negative reinforcement: increasing behaviors by stopping or reducing negative stimuli. A negative reinforcer after a response, strengthens the response (not punishment)   Primary reinforcer: an innately reinforcing stimulus, such as one that satisfies a biological need.  Conditioned reinforce: a stimulus that gains its reinforcing power through its association  with a primary reinforcer; also known as a secondary reinforcer  Fixed­interval schedule: in operant conditioning, a reinforcement schedule that reinforces a response only after a specified time has elapsed. (p. 250)  Variable­interval schedule: in operant conditioning, a reinforcement schedule that  reinforces a response at unpredictable time intervals  Respondent behavior: behavior that occurs as an automatic response to some stimulus.  Operant behavior: behavior that operates on the environment, producing consequences.  Latent learning: learning that occurs but is not apparent until there is an incentive to  demonstrate it.  Intrinsic motivation: a desire to perform a behavior effectively for its own sake. (  Extrinsic motivation: a desire to perform a behavior to receive promised rewards or avoid threatened punishment.  Observational learning: learning by observing others  Modeling: the process of observing and imitating a specific behavior 


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Jennifer McGill UCSF Med School

"Selling my MCAT study guides and notes has been a great source of side revenue while I'm in school. Some months I'm making over $500! Plus, it makes me happy knowing that I'm helping future med students with their MCAT."

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.