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Religion 372 Week 9 Notes

by: Cassandra Tomkin

Religion 372 Week 9 Notes REL 372

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Cassandra Tomkin


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About this Document

These notes cover what was discussed this week in this class.
Formation/Christian Tradition
Dr. Jason Bruner
Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Cassandra Tomkin on Friday March 18, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to REL 372 at a university taught by Dr. Jason Bruner in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 9 views.

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Date Created: 03/18/16
Religion 372 Week 9 Notes **15.Mar.2016 (Tuesday) - Week 9 Orthodox Christianity An entire large stream of Christianity. A way of doing Christianity   Orthodoxy is ancient but is also deeply embedded into the modern religion o Ex: demonstrations in the Ukraine Diverging Traditions  Things are messy form the beginning of Christianity until now.  Within the first 200-300 years there were a lot of cultural and religious traditions that were questioned, being formed, rules and laws for Christianity were not firmly in place, and there were learned writers writing about what was right and what was wrong.  Regional distinctions o Things that made Christianity in certain places different from Christianity in other places Ex: A tree with different branches, but the branches are  quite close together o Can someone who is married be a priest? o What should be in the creed? o How should a Roman Christina emperor act/behave/be like characteristically?  Byzantium (Constantinople) o Center of the Easter Roman Empire o What does Christianity look like in the Eastern Roman Empire?  From Egypt, up the eastern Mediterranean, Turkey, Syria, etc… "Orthodox"  Orthodox: correct belief/worship  Location: Between Roman Catholic West and Persian, Mongolian Empires/Churches of the East  Greece, Asia Minor, Syria, Eastern Europe, Russia  These churches tend to look inward more than they do outward  Not very missionary minded o "Come, and see." Inviting people into the church tradition  Because they are "sandwiched" between religious and political, that compels them to be more inward than Hagia Sophia  Emperor Justinian  530  Pillaged people. That is how he gained money to build the church  Ostentatious  Dome in the center is about 100 feet wide o Heaven is in the midst  A different kind of church that one would see and get in the Latin West  Incredibly open space  Filled with icons and images  It's symmetrical o You would stand in the center and be centrally oriented  No pews in this church Tradition  "Church of the Seven Councils" o Nicaea (325), Constantinople (381), Ephesus (431), Chalcedon (451), Constantinople II (553), Constantinople III (680), Nicaea II (787) o Maximus the Confessor (c. 580-662)  Monothelitism is identified with him. Was a Monothelete  The "One Will of God"  1 person, 2 natures  Since there are 2 natures, there are 2 will  Defined by the passage from the Bible where Jesus is in the garden  Inclination of human nature: to live, fear of dying, not wanting to die because of his betrayal  Inclination of divine nature: God???  Divine > Nature > Will  Human > Nature > Will  This is how people should see Jesus o Affirmed the collective religious definitions  Emperor as "Priest" o Justinian (c. 482-565) o Christendom  A eco-political constructed idea that people within the empire all adhere to the true faith o Anyone who agreed upon all of the first four councils were considered a "Chalcedon Christian" o This is when Christian heresy becomes politically contentious WHO HAS THE FINAL SAY IN CHURCH PRACTICES & MATTERS OF STATE!?!?!?!?!?!?!  TRADITION IS THE CHURCH o The Holy Spirit within the Church o Bible part of tradition Icon  Incarnation and Icons o John of Damascus (675-749) o Creation and the Redemption of matter o Edifying and potentially dangerous  Iconoclasm  Veneration and Worship  Bible as Icon  Church as Icon o Worship is heaven on Earth Incarnation  Disposition that is different from the spiritual world  Creation: Humanity in God's likeness  Incarnation: God became man o Incarnation as the material image of God  About how humans are and how humans relate to God. Athanasius: "God became like man, therefore man can become like God."


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