INTRODUCTION TO COMPUTERS
INTRODUCTION TO COMPUTERS CS 1013
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This 10 page Class Notes was uploaded by Rickie King on Friday October 2, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to CS 1013 at Arkansas State University taught by Gidget Scrivner in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 35 views. For similar materials see /class/217727/cs-1013-arkansas-state-university in ComputerScienence at Arkansas State University.
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Date Created: 10/02/15
Microsoft Word Day 1 InClass Activities 0 Open Microsoft Word 0 Exam the windows features 7 Of ce ButtonFile Menu The File Menu contains commands that allow the user to work with les 96 Click the Of ce Button 96 The arrow indicates a submenu for an iteml A SreenTip7 or ToolTip7 will appear when the mouse hovers over an iteml The keyboard shortcut is included in this ScreenTipl 7 Quick Access Toolbar Allows quick access to several common commands The toolbar is customizable 7 Title Bar 7 Ribbon Tabs A tab represents a major activity area Click through the various tabsl Return to the Home tabl 9 Groups A group contains related items Often there is a dialog box associated with a group Click the Dialog Box Launcher for Paragraph on the Home tabl Close the dialog box 95 Buttons Some buttons will open a Task Pane Change to the Insert tabl Click the Clip Art buttonl Close the task panel 96 Keyboard Access Press the Alt key to display access keys Type H to return to the Home tabl Type PG to open the Paragraph dialog box Close the dialog box Minimizing the Ribbon Doubleclick the active tab 7 Mini Toolbar Appears automatically when text is selected or with a Context Menu 7 Context Menu Appears when an item is rightclicked 7 Horizontal and Vertical Rulers Click the View Ruler button above the vertical scroll bar on the right to hideshow the rulers 7 Insertion Point7 or Cursor 7 Mouse Pointer lbeam used to move the insertion point 96 Arrow used to 7 Selection Bar select items 96 Area between the left edge of the page and the left margin the left edge of the text 96 Used to select the text in a line a paragraph or the entire document 7 At the bottom 96 Status Bar 96 View Selector Print Layout Full Screen Reading Web Layout Outline Draft 96 Document Zoom Used to change the amount of information displayed in the document windowi Click the 100 button to open the Zoom Dialog Box Choose Whole Page and click OKi Open the Zoom Dialog Box again and choose Page Width Reset the View to 100i 0 Type your name and press Enter twice 0 Word Wrap Type your name repeatedly without presssing Enter 0 Moving Through Text Key Left Arrow Right Arrow Up Arrow Down Arrow Ctrl and Left Arrow Ctrl and Right Arrow Home End Page Up Page Down Ctrl and Home Ctrl and End 0 Reveal Formatting Marks ScreenTipi o Correcting Errors 7 Grammar Movement One character to the left One character to the right One line up One line down One word to the left One word to the right Beginning of the line End of the line Top of window Bottom of window Beginning of the document End of the document On the Home tab in the Paragraph group on the rst row point to the last button to reveal the Click the ShowHide button to reveal formattingi Notice the paragraph symbol at the end of the paragraphs not the end of the lines Click the ShowHide button to hide formattingi Grammatical errors are indicated by a green wavy underline Always review what Word considers a grammar error as the error is not always an actual error 96 Type I are a student and press Enter 96 Notice the red X on the Status Bar 96 Click the red X or rightclick are to display a context menu 96 Click am on the context menu to accept the correction 7 Spelling Spelling errors are indicated by a red wavy underlinei Always review what Word considers a misspelling as the word may simply not be in Words dictionary 96 Type akkordz39an with Ks instead of Cs and press the space bar 96 Notice the red X on the status bar 96 Click the red X or rightclick on the misspelled word to display a context menu 96 Click accordian on the context menu to accept the correction The entire document may be checked for spelling and grammar errors by clicking the Spelling and Grammar button on the Review tab 7 AutoCorrect Some errors are so common Word will correct them automatically 96 Type teh and press the space bar 96 Notice that Word corrected the spelling to the 0 Saving a Document 7 Save a document periodically to avoid massive loss in case of computer malfunction loss of power etc 7 Save the current document using the Quick Access Toolbari 7 The rst time a document is saved the user is prompted for a document name and a location in which to save the document 7 Name the document your full name and save it in your folder 7 To save the current document under a different name click the Of ce Button to display the File Menu and click Save As click on the words and not arrow beside the words i 7 Name the document Inclass followed by today s date using dashes or dots instead of slashesi 0 Finding and Replacing Text 7 Click the Find button on the Home tab 7 Type student in the Find What box and press Enter or click the Find Next button 7 Notice the word student is highlighted 7 Click the Replace tab in the Find and Replace Dialog Box 7 Replace student with your name as typed before in the Find What box and type Your Name Here in the Replace With box 7 Click Replace all and close the dialog box 7 Navigate to the bottom of the document and add two blank lines 7 Type Will is a hero and press Enter 7 Type I will eat lunch today and press Enter 7 Open the Find and Replace dialog box Replace all occurances of Will With Paul at one time and close the dialog box 7 Be careful With Replace Alli o Undo Click the Undo button on the Quick Access Toolbar to undo the last change 0 Save changes and close Word Evaluating Web Content This guide offers tips for evaluating the quality of content on the Web In recent years the Web has become a rich environment of Web pages blogs wikis social networking sites free research services media types and more It can be a challenge to figure out which content to trust This guide will help you to identify the type of site you are visiting and to evaluate its content A few tips to get you started Here are a few general tips for evaluating content on the Web Check that o the author has expertise on the topic See the next section below for details 0 the source of the content is stated whether original or borrowed quoted or imported from elsewhere Material imported from another source via RSS feed can be difficult to identify as this material can blend in with other content on the page without being appropriately labeled 0 the content can be independently verified from other sources This is especially important if you cannot check on the expertise of the author or if the author is not identified 0 the level and depth of the information meets your needs 0 an attractive professionallooking presentation doesn t fool you into accepting all the material at face value Shoddy presentations are easier to recognize and are a warning to carefully scrutinize the material 0 the site is currently being maintained Check for posting or editing dates 0 uptodate information is provided for topics that require it 0 links are relevant and appropriate and are in working order 0 the site includes contact information o the domain location in the site address URL is relevant to the focus of the material eg edu for educational or research materials org for profit or nonprofit organizations Note that the domain is not necessarily a primary indicator of site content For example some authors post their content on blog or wiki platforms hosted by companies with com addresses Determining the expertise of the author On today s Web it can be a challenge to judge content based on the identity of the author Sometimes the author is not stated or a nickname is used When an author s name is shown here are a few tips on checking out this individual s expertise 0 Search a library database or Google Scholar to identify other writings by the author 0 Search for your author in Google Scholar to see if others have cited works by your author in their own writings 0 quotGooglequot the author to identify other writings by or about the author Sometimes an author s participation in a conference or other professional activity can be identified in the search results o If available consult an About page on the Web site on which the content appears to read the author s selfdescription Attempt to verify some of the facts o If the author is affiliated with an academic institution business or organization check the directory on the associated Web site to confirm the author s status Web Sites Web sites are a unified collection of pages that run the gamut from educating to informing to selling to persuading and may combine purposes The content generally originates from the Web site owner be it an individual organization company or government entity however RSS feeds may introduce imported content Examples American Memory ASPCA Historical Novel Society To evaluate the content on a Web site look for these clues The authorproducer is identifiable The authorproducer has expertise on the subject Look for an About or similar page The type of domain edu org gov etc which may provide some clues about the focus of the material However keep in mind that scholars and other content providers may choose to maintain their materials on other domains for example com The material is up to date and the site appears to be maintained Check for update dates on the site 0 For informational or educational sites sources are given for the information or links are provided to related sources of information You may need to verify the information through other sources Free Research Sites These are Web sites that provide research materials or links to these materials Some of these services such as Amazon also provide reader reviews Others such as Google Scholar feature links to other works that cite its scholarly content They are distinguished by their ability to provide or link to indepth information in one or more areas While the sites themselves are free they may lead to information that needs to be paid for or subscribed to Examples LibraryThing Amazon Google Scholar To evaluate a free research site consider the following The content is indepth and rich enough to meet your needs The provider and purpose of the site and whether these might have an effect on the information provided The type of material that appears on the site eg a mixture of scholarly and popular materials or scholarly materials only Whether the site provides the content or points to other sources which would then need to be evaluated in turn 0 The ease of obtaining the full text of the material if it is not available within the site itself for example the resources returned in a Google Scholar search 0 Most of the reviews on the site if present are informative and wellwritten o The identity and expertise of the author or authors of the specific content you are interested in A multitude of people might contribute informationopinionsreviews and it might not be possible to get information on them or their expertise Document Repositories Document repositories store copies of scholarly and research materials that are available for public use They are usually maintained by academic institutions libraries publishers or organizations Some of these repositories post papers before or after their publication in scholarly journals and different versions of papers may appear Repositories may contain text data presentations and multimedia materials Examples arXivorg California Digital Library RePEc Research Papers in Economics To evaluate the content in a document repository look for these clues o The repository is sponsored by a reputable academic institution library publisher or organization 0 The repository is searchable in OAISTER a reputable union catalog of academicoriented digital resources 0 The author has expertise on the topic This will apply to more recent as opposed to historical documents o If the document in question is an article it has been published in a reputable journal The identity of the quotofficialquot publication in a journal can help determine the copy of record for the publication 0 The material you are interested in cites sources that you can use to verify the information Blogs and Wikis How to tell them apart Before addressing how to evaluate content on blogs and wikis let s consider how to tell them apart At times it can be difficult to determine if you are viewing a blog or a wiki To determine which is which consider the following 0 Blog content is organized around news postings about which readers can comment Wiki content is organized around topicbased Web pages that are usually edited by groups 0 A blog usually features datebased postings on its main page organized in reverse chronological order A wiki looks like a typical Web site and usually includes a link for logging in to the site for editors who wish to or are authorized to contribute o A blog usually allows readers to comment on its individual postings Wikis offer comments or quottalkquot pages for discussion of the content on individual wiki pages 0 Blogs often focus on personal insight anecdote or opinion Wiki content is usually less personal 0 A blog is typically maintained by a single individual while wikis tend to have numerous contributors However this is not a hardandfast rule 0 Blog postings are written by the administrators of the blog and not by the general public Wikis can be edited by anyone or by the invitationauthorization of the wiki administrators o Visible edit links are often available to anyone visiting the wiki Blogs do not allow for public editing 0 The history of wiki page edits can be viewed by visitors Blogs do not have this feature o It is generally easier to identify the name of the individual maintaining a blog On wikis the identity of authorseditors may be more difficult to determine as nicknames may be used Blogs A blog is a Webbased journal entry platform that can accept reader comments Entries are usually presented in reverse chronological order Examples AltSearchEngines lnstapunditcom TechCrunch To evaluate the content on a blog look for these clues 0 Most blog postings focus on a discussion of issues rather than daytoday personal or recreational activities 0 Blog postings are signed by an identifiable author 0 The author has expertise on the topic of the blog 0 Comments on blog postings emphasize substantive discussion of the issues 0 Blog postings are cited on other blogs A blog search engine such as Technorati can help to determine this and general search engines are also useful 0 Links to the blog or its individual postings are saved on social bookmarking sites such as Delicious 0 New blog postings appear fairly regularly though archived blogs can contain useful material Wikis A wiki is a publishing platform on which many people can contribute new content and revise existing content The content benefits from the collective knowledge base and the dynamic nature of the contributions Examples Wikipedia wikiHow Wikimedia Commons To evaluate the content on a wiki look for these clues The sponsorship of the wiki This may be explained on an quotAboutquot or similar page The wiki whether academic or popular suits your needs The identity of those who are able to edit or add content If it is a select group try to determine if they have expertise in the wiki s topic Changes to the page appear reasonable 0 The material you are interested in cites sources that you can use to doublecheck the information 0 There are guidelines for contributors to follow 0 There is monitoring of content by those responsible for the wiki and you can determine who these authors are often you can t o The currency of the edits Some wiki platforms offer a quotHistoryquot or similar tab that allows you to view a sequential list of changes Social networking sites Social networking sites are online communities in which members can interact in a number of ways Fullfeatured communities offer the ability to share a personal profile initiate contacts with friends form groups of members with similar interests contact group members directly engage in discussions share media or photos and discover other common connections through ones contacts Some social networking sites allow members to create interactive software that functions within the community Others allow institutions or companies to maintain profiles or pages The sites may be focused on a specialized interest or may be more general in nature While social networking sites are often used for recreation they can also serve as a means of communicating about academic or professional interests Examples Facebook MySpace Ning TripAdvisor Twitter To evaluate the content on a social networking site look for these clues The identity of the source of shared information can be verified This can be done by examining the profile page if made public verifying the named source of the information and so on Information on the profile page of the individual institution company or library can be verified The individual institution etc contributing information has expertise on the topic Information picked up in a social network receives favorable comments can be externally verified or meets you needs The institutions or companies offering communitybased applications can be identified You can also check for reviews of the application or see if any of your quotfriendsquot are using it Social bookmarks Social bookmarks are links saved on Web sites that allow users to annotate tag and share them with other users Examples Delicious CiteU Like Connotea To evaluate the content on a social bookmarking site look for these clues o The purpose of the bookmarking site For example CiteU Like and Connotea focus on scholarly papers while Delicious is more broadly based 0 Bookmarks of interest to you have also been bookmarked by others 0 The quality of the bookmarked item Determining this will be the same as determining the quality of any Web resource 0 The individual who bookmarked the site has expertise on the topic This often cannot be determined as users tend to employ nicknames as their identities Multimedia Multimedia encompasses nontextual presentations such as audio video and Flash formats You might encounter multimedia files anywhere on the Web a Web site blog wiki repository or a site devoted to media such as YouTube Terminology A variety of terminology is used to describe multimedia on the Web These terms are in flux and can depend on the type of media its delivery and whether the broadcast is live or recorded For example prerecorded audio or video presentations can be distributed through an RSS feed In this case they are referred to as podcastsSome people refer to audio on an RSS feed as a podcast and video on an RSS feed as a video podcast A live video presentation is usually known as a webcast A variation on this is a webinar a seminar broadcast on the Web To evaluate the content in a multimedia presentation look for these clues The presentation is sponsored by a reputable institution organization or identified individualswhose expertise can be verified f individuals appear or speak in a presentation they are identified and their expertise can be checked The presentation or its accompanying information includes contact information Comments that may accompany the presentation evaluate its quality even if you don t agree with what others have to say If previously recorded the presentation can be identified by date so that you can determine the currency of the information provided This guide with links to Web sites cited in the text may be found at httpibraryabanyeduuseredevalevalweb Laura B Cohen Trudi E Jacobson tjacobsonuamaiabanyedu University Libraries University at Albany SU NY January 2008
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