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chapters 5 & 6

by: Kyler Garron

chapters 5 & 6 PSYCH 1000 - 04

Kyler Garron
general psychology (physics 1000)
David Schramm

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Notes for the week of 9/24
general psychology (physics 1000)
David Schramm
Class Notes
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kyler Garron on Friday October 2, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSYCH 1000 - 04 at University of Missouri - Columbia taught by David Schramm in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 12 views. For similar materials see general psychology (physics 1000) in Psychlogy at University of Missouri - Columbia.


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Date Created: 10/02/15
Tuesday December 15 y Psychology 1000 Chapter 5 Sensation amp Perception just because we sense something it doesn39t mean we perceive it Sensation Vs Perception sensation occurs when sensory information is elected by a sensory receptor perception is the organization interpretation and experience of stimuli sensation is like raw meaningless information whereas perception is information interpreted a certain way they are complimentary processes as we need to send something before we can perceive it When are Stimuli changes detectable an absolute threshold is the boundary at which stimulus is detectable 50 of the time a just noticeable difference JND is the smallest noticeable difference between stimuli Why do we stop noticing stimuli sensory adaption causes us to stop perceiving unchanging stimuli after extended exposure to it sometimes we fail to perceive stimuli because of inattentional blindness which occurs when we don39t notice something totally visible Change blindness occurs when we fail to detect changes to the visual details of a scene Visual Sensation what are visual stimuli Tuesday December 15 y the amplitude of a wave is its height wavelength refers to a ane s frequency is the number of wave cycles per second a type of electromagnetic radiation called light Chapter 5 continued Gestalt psychology principles that dictate how we visually organize disparate pieces of information into meaningful wholes in predictable ways Gestalt Laws law of simplicity says we perceive the simplest pattern possible law of closure says perceptions are organized into complete objects rather than a series of parts law of similarity says things that are alike are grouped together law of proximity says things are close together are grouped together law of continuity says we are more likely to perceive flowing lines than jagged ones Theories of Object Recognition imagebased theories says we compare objects to templates partsbased theories says we identify an object based on its geometric elements or geons Depth Perception is the ability to perceive the world in three dimensions and perceive distance Friday October 2 y monocular depth only requires one eye binocular depth requires two eyes Audition sound waves are changes in the air pressure unfolding over time a SOUHd WElve s frequency is equally pitch and amplitude is equal to the volume complexity is equal to timbre or purity Tuesday December 15 y Psychology 1000 Chapter 6 Classical Conditioning occurs when the response elicited by one stimulus comes to be elicited by another stimulus after those two stimuli are repeatedly presented together Classical Conditioning Terms unconditioned stimulus US elicits a reflexive unlearned response Unconditioned response UR is the response caused by the US Neutral Stimulus NS does not naturally elicit the response elicited by the US NS becomes CS that elicits the same response as the US after its paired with the US Conditioned Response CR response cause by the CS it is important to present the CS just before the US in order for learning to OCCUl extinction the decrease in the conditioned response after the CS is no longer presented with the US spontaneous recovery is the return of a previously extinguished CR following a rest penod stimulus generalization occurs when someone exhibits the CR in response to a stimulus thats smiliest to the CS stimulus discrimination occurs when one learns to respond differently to similar but distinct stimuli taste aversion learned association between a food CS and illness UR leading us to become sick when we taste or smell the food UR Friday October 2 y taste aversion is acquired after just one or two trials even though the sickness can occur 8 hours after eating it operant conditioning occurs when a response e consequences Change its frequency


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