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Sociology Week 9

by: Dallas Bowe

Sociology Week 9 soc 10CD

Dallas Bowe
Kutztown University of Pennsylvania
GPA 3.76
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About this Document

These notes cover chapter 4: Social Interactions and social structures.
Principles of Sociology 10CD
Dr. Timothy O'Boyle
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Dallas Bowe on Friday March 18, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to soc 10CD at Kutztown University of Pennsylvania taught by Dr. Timothy O'Boyle in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 12 views. For similar materials see Principles of Sociology 10CD in Sociology at Kutztown University of Pennsylvania.

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Date Created: 03/18/16
Intro to Sociology -- Prof. O’Boyle Week 9 Chapter 4: Social Structure and Social Interactions Social Interaction­ what people do and say when they are in the presence of another  person ­ includes: actions, speech and reactions when in the presence of the  other person   Society­ a collection of interacting individuals sharing the same way of living in the same territory ­ founded on statuses, role, groups and institutions Social class­ large group of people who rank close to one another in wealth, power and  prestige  (i.e. Jay­Z and Kanye West are both wealthy rappers) Status­ position in society  Ascribed status­ a status you are born with; whether it's your sex, race, ethnicity,  or age. You do not have control over it.  (i.e. being born female in India; treated differently and sold)  Achieved status­ a status obtained through your actions or efforts Status set­ all the statues or positions that an individual occupies  Master status­ the status that dominates a relationship when interacting with others  Subordinate status­ all the other statues that are not relevant to a current interactive  relationship with another person Status inconsistency­ the same individual is given 2 or more conflicting status rankings  Every status carries a role with it.  Role­ the expectation of what individuals should do according to their specific status  Prescribed role­ the set of expectations about how a person with a particular  status should behave (i.e. A doctor should want to heal you instead of just wanting your money)  Role performance­ the manner in which the person actually carries out the role  (i.e. A doctor’s main goal is to make money) Role conflict­ happened when we are expected to play 2 conflicting roles at the same  time  (i.e. A parent coaching team)  Role set­ group of roles attached to one particular status (i.e. A college professor who is also an advisor, researcher and writer)  Impression management­ presenting ourself in such a way as to make the other  person form a desired expression  Social group­ collection of people that have something in common and who  believe that what they have in common is significant. This creates a feeling of unity for  the people in the group  (i.e. Church)  Social institution­ a set of widely shared beliefs, norms or procedures necessary for  meeting the basic needs of society  (i.e. family, religion, education, economy, politics, and funeral procedures)  Interaction rituals­ the performance of normal everyday acts that show respect for  others (i.e. opening the door for people) Face saving behavior­ techniques that we use to save an interaction that has gone bad Apology­ face­saving tactic used to sustain a social interaction after you have offended  someone Social construction of reality­ the process by which people create through social  interaction; a certain idea, feeling or belief about their environment The Thomas theorem­ if people define a situation as real, they will act as if it's  real or do something to make it real (aka self­fulfilling prophecy)    Humorology­ the study or practice of humor  (i.e. jokes)  Symbolic interactions­ all interactions are symbolic. It is symbolic wear people actively  interpret each other's actions and reactions and they behave according to the  interpretation Verbal communication  ­Words may mean whatever a group of human have agreed its suppose to mean. Words are socially constructed because their meanings are determined by people  through their experiences as members of a specific society  ­We can use words or combinations of words to communicate an infinite number  of messages and images including abstract thoughts such as good and evil/ beauty and comfort


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