Art of World Civilization I
Art of World Civilization I ARTH 200IA-001
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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by AllyCat on Friday October 2, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ARTH 200IA-001 at Montana State University taught by Emberlin, Barbara in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 43 views. For similar materials see Art of World Civilization I in Art at Montana State University.
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Date Created: 10/02/15
ARTH 200lA 001 Art History Art of World Civilization Week 6 Lecture 1 Terms Please look on D2L Theme Please look on D2L I ask this because 1 The professor was having trouble that day with the slideshow and I could not get them in time and 2 I think it would be a great opportunity for you to look over what she has on there quotParthenonquot 0 Optical illusions o 447 438 BCE 0 Popular building Many use it as a n example 0 Use math to make it 0 Last steps holding columns tit up quotThree Goddessesquot o Hestia Dione Aphrodite East pediment of the Parthenon Birth of Athena Marble Approx 439 5quot high 0000 quotTemple of Athena Nikequot 0 Kallicrates creator 0 Acropolis quotNike adjusting her sandalquot o 410 BCE 0 Temple of Athena Nike 0 Last example of idealized world World view changing War and plague Decline in con dence Move away from classical idealism Appeals to senses quotAphrodite of Knidosquot Nude will be only Greek goddess ever found nude 0 Roman marble copy of orginal 0 Not showing off being nude Just being nude tastefully 0 quotAlexander the Greatquot 0 Expands Greek First example of expansion 0 Tutored by Aristotle o 323 BCE when he dies and Hellenistic period begins quotBattle of lssusquot o 30 BCE 0 Roman copy from Pompeii 0 Late 2nCI C BCE o lntense emotion Lecture 2 Terms Hellenistic cosmopolitanism illusionism Tuscan columns Hellenic quotGreekquot Hellenistic Greek like Theme Following Alexander39s conquests Greek culture spread to Asia Egypt and around the Mediterranean with a new philosophy about artistic expression In art there was an explosion of creativity with diverse subject matter and emotional content and a sense of drama Theme The Etruscans were the native peoples of the Italian peninsula where the Greeks had colonized The Etruscans produced luxury objects built temples and tomb chambers lined with frescoes Roman culture borrowed Etruscan forms quotReconstructed West Front of the Alter of Zensquot o Peramon Italy 0 175 BCE o lonic 0 Relief sculpture Battle between Gods and Giants 0 Sculpted frieze Surrounds platform iconography quotAthena Battling Alkyoneosquot 0 Detail of gigantomachy o Hellenistic emotion oz Hellenistic Sculptures are very Dramatic Emotional And have Variety quotNike Alighting on a Warshipquot 0 00000 Nike of the Samothrace Samothrace Greece 190 BCE Marble Figure approx 839 high Louvre Museum France quotSeated Boxerquot O 0000 Rome 100 50 BCE Bronze Approx 439 high Seems defeated quotSleeping Satyrquot O 0000 Rome 230 BCE Marble Approx 739 high Exploring sexuality quotOld Market Womanquot 0 150 100 BCE 0 Marble 0 Approx 439 high quotAphroditequot o Melos Greece 0 150 BCE 0 Approx 639 7quot high 0 Erotic o Hellenistic quotLaocoon and his Sonsquot O 0000 Rome Early 1St C Marble Approx 839 high Attribution Disbuted Classical Hellenistic Roman High Renaissance o Serpentine quotInterior of the tomb of the Augursquot 0 People cremated 0 Interior of tomb built like home Painted Domestic gifts and goods quotSarcophagus with Reclining Couplequot 0 Cerveteri o 520 BCE o quotAudaciousquot according to Greeks Because of how woman were shown quotApulu Apolloquot o Sculptor Vulca o Dressed sculpture 0 Animated o Stylized Lecture 3 Terms Pseudo peripheral temple Roman concrete Barrel Vault Groin Vault Portrait Bust Pietas Verism Atrium Peristyle Masonry Style Architectural Style lllusionism Linear Perspective Still Life Theme Roman art and architecture in uenced by Etruscan and Greek colonial arts developed its own style to re ect Roman values and ideology Roman art is eclectic pragmatic propagandistic and expresses pietas Republican art re ects Greek and Etruscan precedents quotCapitoline Wolfquot 0 Rome Italy 500 480 BCE Bronze Approx 239 7quot high Etruscan Bronze casting OOOOO quotTemple of Portunusquot 0 Rome 0 75 BCE Remus and Romulus were added later on o Psuedo peripheral Purely Roman form 0 Ionic columns Greek 0 Engaged columns Greek 0 One main walkway Etruscan 0 One platform Etruscan 0 One deep front porch Etruscan o Etruscan in plan 0 Greek in elevation quotSanctuary of Fortuna Primigeniaquot o Palestrina Italy 0 Late 2nCI C BCE quotMan with Portrait Busts of his Ancestorsquot 0 Rome 0 Late 1St C BCE 0 Marble o 539 5quot high oz Caesar Augustus lnfo First ruler to put his face on money gt In past it would be god39s faces gt Considered a big No No quotPlan of Roman Housequot 0 Note atrium o Peristyle focus is on the interior 0 Houses placed closely together 0 Greek and Etruscan characteristics quotFirst Style Wall Paintingquot 0 Fauces Entry of Sammite House 0 Herculaneum Italy 0 Late 2nCI C BCE 0 quotFakequot marble quotDionysiac Mystery Friezequot 0 Second Style Wall Painting 0 Villa of the mysteries OOOO Pompeii 60 BCE 539 4quot high Illusion of 3 dimensional world quotGardenscapequot O 0000 Second style wall painting Villa of Livia Wife of Augustus Primaporta 30 BCE Approx 639 7quot high quotFourth Style Wall Paintings in the House of the Vettiiquot O O Pompeii 70 79 CE