September 30 and October 2
September 30 and October 2 CLAS 430 A
Popular in Greek & Roman Mythology
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jade Maynard on Friday October 2, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to CLAS 430 A at University of Washington taught by Adriana Vasquez in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 46 views. For similar materials see Greek & Roman Mythology in Classical Studies at University of Washington.
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Date Created: 10/02/15
Greek and Roman Mythology Class Notes Wednesday September 30 Definitions and Interpretations Myth Word speech tale of story in our society it implies something fabricated but for the Greeks and Romans it included a form of truth in reference to culture history identity etc Mythos the same word but in Ancient Greek A specific category of marked language meaning it has an impact on real life mythos is reserved for major characters such as Achilles and Odysseus True MythMyth Proper About gods religion or the supernatural Traditional Tales Standardized version of myths lacking in authorship tradition is tied to collective identitylocal identity through these stories SagaLegend Stories about heroes have a relationship to history FolktalesFairytales Stories that include elements of fantasymagic Frames of Understanding Ritual importance of myths ex the story of Apollo slaying the Python helps explain the worship of him as a god Psychology and human interest in the universe Etiology Myth as an explanation of contemporary phenomena ApolloPython explains the origin of the Pythian games in Delphi Historytruth a record of real events Poetry oral transmission and prose are different genres with different demands and conventions Visual representation Variants ex Greek vs Roman Comparative mythology ex ApolloPython is a Greek re ex of a serpentslaying theme in all mythologies Friday October 2 Chapter 2 Historical Background 0 The historic dimension is a prominent feature of Greek legend 0 The interpretation of prehistoric icons leads to an understanding of the worship of gods and goddesses 0 Bronze Age 0 Preliterate age in which myths were orally transmitted 0 Minoan Civilization I Palace at Cnossus discovered by Sir Arthur Evans it was an economic hub and administrative center I Palace may be the historical basis for the Minotaur legend I Minoans had a highly developed sense of religion worshipping fertility mother goddesses I They had a thing about bulls I Troy 1 was settled in the Early Bronze Age but the city of Priam is likely to be Troy 6 or Troy 7 O Mycenaean Civilization I Heinrich Schliemann s excavations at Mycenae established a link between Greek tales and actual places I Mycenaeans unlike Minoans worshipped Zeus I Linear B Tablets Administrative records listing various deities 0 Dark Age 0 Few records 0 No literary material 0 Archaic Period 0 Invention of the Greek alphabet 0 The Pisistratid tyranny saw the standardization and writing down of Homeric texts after thousands of years of oral tradition 0 Homeric poems maintain the fiction of the Bronze Age but portray their own age as well 0 Troy I There are nine different settlement periods of Troy I Priam s Troy the Troy of The Iliad was probably Troy 6 or 7a I Tomb of Achilles Site that many Greeks visited for hero worship