Applications of Operant Conditioning
Applications of Operant Conditioning Psych 105
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Madison Notetaker on Friday October 2, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Psych 105 at Washington State University taught by Arig Aboulenein in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 37 views. For similar materials see Intro to psychology in Psychlogy at Washington State University.
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Date Created: 10/02/15
Psych 105 Unit 2 Applications of Operant Conditioning Applications 0 Clinical psychology dealing with counter production behavior people with anger issues attention issues etc 0 Sports Training aiding performance encouraging athletes to perform better 0 Education improving grades and study habits Business increasing productivity Google corporation reward their employees Tolamn A Contemporary View cognitive processes play an important role in complex behavior learning the cognitive process can NOT be observed the cognitive process can be experimentally veri ed by outward behavior Learned Helplessness developed by Martin Seligman o discovered a technique to teach people how to overcome feelings of helplessness Learned Helplessness unproductive triesl passive behavior the tries were unsuccessful so the individual now feels helpless 0 Talk therapy can help teaches new ways to think Observational Learning the Bobo doll experiment done by Albert Bandura beieved most human behavior is through observation learning 0 children would watch the adult do aggressive acts to the doll then that adult would receive candy 0 the child would copy the same aggressive acts Factors that increase imitation people who are rewarded for behavior warm nurturing people people who have control over you ex parents behaving like a person to have a higher social status Imitation in the Brain 0 Mirror neurons re ect visual processing mentally represent and interpret the acts of others may play a role in language social cognition and empathy o The trained musician istening to familiar music the brain acted as though they were playing the song istening to unfamiliar music the brain did not show active engagement Applications of Observational Learning People are trying to understand the correlation between tv and media vs negative and destructive behavior Example adolescents may engage in sexual behavior if they watch shows where there is sexual contact 0 Monkey seel monkey do Memory a group of related mental processes that are involved in acquiring storing and retrieving the info 0 Major processes 1 Encoding transforming info to a form that can be entered to the memory 2 Storage retaining memory can be retrieved later 3 Retrieval can be remembered Stage of Model of Memory aso called quotMultistore Modelquot and quotInformation Processing Modelquot 0 Stage model the info is passes through stages Multimodel memory is a series of stores 0 Info processing environmental inputlprocess memory long term memory Memory types Sensory information from environment 0 Short term temporarily holds info you are aware of limited capacity 0 Longterm info saved for a long time unimited Sensory brie y store sensory impressions is continuous George Sperling tested short term memory etters are displayed 120 of a second tones signaled which row to write subject writes the letters Visual Sensory Memory sometimes referred to as iconic memory Duration approx 14 to 12 of a second Auditory Memory sometimes referred to as echo ast up to 3 or 4 seconds Short term memory provides storage is temporary duration is about 20 seconds this can be maintained through Maintenance rehearsal mental or verbal repetition Capacity George Miller created the theory quotThe Magical Number Seven plus or minus 2 remembering info can be increased by chunking grouping information Short term memory vs Working memory Baddeley s model of working memory the active manipulation of temporarily stored information Working Memory Phonological loop verbal recite rehearsal info Visuospatial sketch pad imagine route drawing a picture Central Executive processes and integrates information from the phonological loop the visuospatial Sketchpad and long term memory