Physical Anthropology Week 3/14/16
Physical Anthropology Week 3/14/16 Anth 385
Edinboro University of Pennsylvania
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Danielle Johnson on Friday March 18, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Anth 385 at Edinboro University of Pennsylvania taught by Dr. Barbian in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 9 views. For similar materials see Intro Physical Anthropology in anthropology, evolution, sphr at Edinboro University of Pennsylvania.
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Date Created: 03/18/16
Physical Anthropology 3/14/16 Fossils and Their Place in Time and Nature Chapter 8 The Past: Evidence for the Present ● Fossils will provide the concrete evidence of ancestors ○ Anatomy ○ Environment ○ Etc ● Question addressed in this chapter: ○ What are fossils? ○ What methods do anthropologists and other scientists use to study fossils? ■ How do we know the things about fossils ○ What do fossils tell us about the past? ● Fossils: Early Studies ○ HerodotusGreek ■ 484425 BC ■ The Histories ■ Visited Egypt ● Noticed in the strata, mineralized seashells (fossils) that were once living organisms ○ 18th19th century Thomas Jefferson found extinct Sloths ○ Georges Cuvier ■ 1765 1832 ■ Fossils as extinct species ■ Catastrophism ○ William Smith (17691839) ■ Principle of Faunal Succession ● Strata ■ Worked in coal mines in the UK, while surveying noticed in the strata a series of fossils that were in a defiant sequence that were distinct from each other. The distinct sequences occur in different types of rocks, have the same type of fossils in the same type of rock. ■ Fossils are of creatures that no longer exist, but show evolutionary similar traits of modern creatures. ○ Darwinius masillae 47mya ■ One of the earliest primates ● Fossils :Memories of the Biological Past ○ Fossils ○ Trace Fossils ■ Indirect Evidence of the animal ● Dinosaur tracks ● Ferns ■ Laetoli Footprints, Tanzania, 3.6mya ● Australopithecus Afarensis (Lucy) Physical Anthropology 3/14/16 ● Preserved by volcanic ash/rain/footprints/volcanic ash ● Coprolites ○ Poop ○ Find out the diet of an animal ○ The environmental conditions ○ Diseases parasites ■ The mobility of a species because of the foreign parasites in that individuals poop ● Impressions ■ Soft Tissue ● Tallund Man, Denmark ○ 4th Century BC ○ Bog Body ○ Sacrificed (most likely) ● Otzi the Iceman, 3300 BC, Italy ○ Can see his tattoos ● Amber ■ Tar Pits ○ Fossils ○ Fossilization ○ Taphonomy ■ Deposition ■ Sterkfontein, South Africa ● Big cats and eagles loved hominids ancestors ■ Fossilization ● Burial and Mineralization ● Calcium, Phosphorous → Iron, Silica, Calcium Carbonate (Limestone) ● Steno’s Law of Superposition ○ Nicolaus Steno (16381686) ○ Law of Superposition ○ Relative Dating ○ Stratigraphic Correlation ○ Physical Anthropology 3/14/16
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