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ENG 2320 Shelley

by: Marissa

ENG 2320 Shelley 2320

Texas State
GPA 3.3
British Literature 1785 +
Susan Tilka

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About this Document

Notes discussing the life and literary works of Percy Shelley
British Literature 1785 +
Susan Tilka
Class Notes
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Marissa on Friday October 2, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to 2320 at Texas State University taught by Susan Tilka in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 27 views. For similar materials see British Literature 1785 + in Foreign Language at Texas State University.

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Date Created: 10/02/15
ENG 2320 Shelley Percy Bysse Shelley second generation Romantic poet Reacted against the 18th century 0 Believed the center of the universe is emotional life not the soul or rational mind Rebel against social institutions politics religion school 0 Believed in purifying violence revolution overthrow the church king government everything 0 Institutions are corrupt and hostile 0 As he felt more persecuted he became more rebellious 0 People viewed him as dangerous Victorians liked his poems he had beautiful language created the myth that artists are impractical Creates the idea of the rebellious adolescent due to his rebellious teenage years Involved in one scandal after another all of which were in the tabloids Poet philosopher intellectual visionary and idealist o Adds ideas to society one of which is that art has the power to save people A believer in romantic love he strived to find the perfect woman Romantic idealist lives in the abstract Hope is a moral obligation to Shelley because it releases the powers of imagination Imagination and love can redeem the world Went to boarding school as a young boy 0 Older boys tortured the younger boys as an initiation his experience made him rebellious against institutions Created a pamphlet called quotNecessity of Atheism and spread to professors bishops etc 0 England is an extremely Christian country 0 He gets expelled from college Goes to London where he meets Harriet a tavern keeper s daughter 0 Her father wants her to go to school but she doesn t want to go 0 She elopes with Shelley they later have two babies 0 Example of adolescent rebellion for the cause of teenage love They go to Ireland to help the poor who have no civil rights 0 Shelley becomes a vegetarian and says that killing sentient animals is cruel tries to convince the rest of England to do the same Publishes a long poem called Queen Mabb which states that there is no God Idolizes William Godwin and his ideas people are innately good every man should have his own morals no institutions Falls in love with Mary Godwin they run away to Europe together bringing along Mary s sister Claire Shelley climbs the Alps feels the presence of nature realizes you can have spirituality without religion Lives together with Mary Harriet Claire and his friend Thomas 0 Believer in open marriage created a free love community 0 Mary loses two babies due to miscarriage 0 Group goes to Geneva with Lord Byron all writing literature stimulate their creativity with drugs Back at England Harriet and Fanny Imlay Mary s sister commit suicide 0 Shelley is denied custody of his children probably the first time in England s history that a man is denied his children which are considered his property 0 He and Mary get married Mary has 5 babies within 5 years only one lives to adulthood a son named Percy They move to Italy where Shelley drowns in a shipwreck 0 Mary cremates him and goes back to England Mary is disliked by both her family and Shelley s but she continues to write o Spends the rest of her life trying to rehabilitate her husband s bad reputation tells people he was inspired by beauty and misunderstood he promoted imagination and free will 0 Poetry is sensual feature of people s life 0 Poets express the age they can t control their gift 0 quotPoets are the unacknowledged legislators of the world England in 1819 o Lyric poem set to music 0 Becomes the theme of the working class 0 Describes the British military as a killing machine 0 The law controls people people need to start rebelling 0 He wants to destroy the old order 0 Believes that the people will unite and burst forward Ode to the West Wind 0 Apostrophe a direct address whether to an absent person or to an abstract or inanimate entity Creates an effect of high formality and emotional intensity 0 Wind is both quotDestroyer and Preserver 0 Wind announces that the cold is coming symbol of coming to kill the earth 0 Blows seeds around the cold is horrifying but brings hope of spring 0 Structure of the poem 0 Effect of wind upon leaves 0 Effect of wind upon clouds I They start turning black and move quickly a huge tomb over the earth 0 Effect of wind upon water 0 Poet seeks union with the wind Oh Lift me but fails quotI fall 0 Another try poet asks to become a windlike instrument of spiritual renewal 0 Poems are meant to be heard not seen just as you can t see the wind 0 Medical nightmare at the time was tuberculosis 0 Measured disease by cough yellow then black then red 0 Depicted in the colors of the leaves 0 Shelley is a victim this kind of nature is scary 0 He wants to be like the wind tameless fierce 0 He wants to be a spokesman for the earth like the wind I Tone is sad autumn means quotnear death 0 Message he wants to destroy everything but spring is coming 0 Ends the poem with hope To a SkyLark o Abstraction of nature 0 Sky larks sing while flying and begin when the sun rises which wakes people up 0 Song is disembodied 0 Can t see the singer but can feel the bird s presence 0 Abstract beauty if perfect spontaneous o The bird doesn t know how awful life is it doesn t know tragedy or sorrow o If you get rid of fear pride and hate you can be as perfect as the bird s song 0 He wants the bird s skill so he can make people happy


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