US as a Nation
US as a Nation HY 325-001
Popular in US World Power to 1898
Popular in History
This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Erica Kugler on Friday October 2, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HY 325-001 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Dr. Steinbock-Pratt in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 45 views. For similar materials see US World Power to 1898 in History at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.
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Date Created: 10/02/15
US as a Nation Trade Expansion and Exploration 0 As a new nation the US needed to develop a foreign policy and economic policy 0 Set about developing such policies in three ways trade expansion and exploration 0 US pursued trade with other nations after the Revolution 0 US could trade cash crops rice and cotton 0 Atlantic trade was risky because of British ships harassing US ships and piracy near Africa 0 Pacific trade was less risky o Looked to the Asian markets for luxury goods 0 Trade with China 0 China was coming out of a period of isolation o 1784 start of USChina trade I Empress of China arrived in US carrying Chinese goods 0 US looking to get tea and silk from China 0 Canton Province port trade port for foreigners 0 Trade with India gt US looking to acquire tea and spices o Whaling 0 17905 New England economic staple Whale oil used in lamps Whale bones used in female dresses and corsets Whale ivory used in carvings 17941803 yearly harvesting of whales was in the thousands Whaling industry declined during lead up to War of 1812 but it increased after the war Sperm whales were sought after because they provided two key products I Ambergris 0 type of compound found in whale s digestive tract 000000 0 Used in perfumes 0 Was worth its weight in gold I Spermiceti 0 Found in front head region of whale by blow hole 0 Used in cosmetics lubricants oil and candles o Whalers hunted in PeruChile New Zealand and Japan I 1818 whalers turn to Pacific and Indian Oceans as new whale pods found I Hunting locations spread out over the world gt meant that whalers had access to global markets 0 Whalers became cosmopolitan and helped spread US trade by tapping into global trade network ExpansionExploration 0 US expanded across the continent and across the Ocean gt expansion led to exploration 0 Louisiana Purchase 1803 0 Thomas Jefferson 0 Are of interest was mainly the New Orleans port because it was a trading post for western famers 0 Napoleon had wanted to reestablish a French empire in America and cut off the New Orleans port to American farmers I Americans upset I Loss of Haiti and looming European wars derailed Napoleon s plan so he decided to sell the Louisiana territory to get money for his wars 0 Lewis and Clark expedition set out in 1804 I 1st transcontinental expedition started Atlantic coast end Pacific coast I Expedition had several goals 0 Develop relations with Natives 0 Expand trade out West and in the Pacific region 0 Surveymap layout of land I Expedition relied on Natives as guides and sources of info about local tribes I Lewis and Clarkjoined by French Canadian trader Charbonneau and his pregnant wife Sacagawea I Sacagawea o Served as an intermediary between the Natives and the expedition o Knew local languages 0 Knew local politics 0 Served as a cultural interpreter for both the Natives and explorers I Expedition reached the Pacific in 1805 I On return trip Lewis and Clark split up to find easier way around Rockies I Return in 1807 I During the expedition Lewis and Clark laid claim to the Oregon Territory 0 Great Britain and Russia also had laid claim to that area I The expedition was successful in establishing good relations with some Native groups like the Shoshone 0 But had issuesconflict with the Sioux o Zebulon Pike 0 1805 expedition to survey the SW border of the LA Purchase 0 Goal est US southern border of LA Purchase and develop relations wNatives there 0 Presence of Spanish along the southern border issues arise I One instance Pike got lost ventured into Spanish territory was kidnapped but later released 0 Spanish 0 Spain had territory to the SW of Louisiana Purchase and Spain controlled Florida 0 AdamsOnis Treaty I US acquired Florida and renounced any claims to Texas I US wanted Florida to prevent further attacks from Seminole Natives and because escaped slaves had been fleeing to Florida for protection I Spain was willing to sell Florida because it wasn t a very importantproductive colony and because King Ferdinand 7th wanted to focus on colonies in Latin America as revolutions were starting to form against his desire to reestablish direct rule over the colonies 0 Northwest Territory 0 Land area encompassing Ohio River Valley IL IN WI MI 0 Lots of Natives gt not happy to now be under US rule I Britain had owned that land are before the end of the Am Revolution and it still had military posts there 0 British army supplied the Natives with weapons gt upset the US 0 17851795 Northwest Indian War I US vs confederation of Native tribes I Early in the war US army not successful volunteeruntrained militia I quotMadquot Anthony Wayne 0 Brought in to reform the army 0 Decisive victory at Battle of the Fallen Timbers o Treaty of Greenville o A demarcation line was established between US and Native land 0 Overall the US gained more territory 0 Americas generally ignored the line and continued moving westward 0 US agreed to annuity payments to Natives for the ceding of land South Sea Exploring Expedition 0 1838 0 Charles Wilkes gt 1st American to circumnavigate the world 0 Goal of expedition gather info about other parts of the world 0 Collected specimen samples recorded travel stops and what the expedition saw I Samples collected on this expedition housed in the Smithsonian I 5 volume book written on the journey o Expedition was meant to show other nations that the US was part of an elite nation group whose reach extend across the worlds Key Words 0 Canton Province 0 Ambergris o Spermaceti 0 Louisiana Purchase Meriwether Lewis William Clark Lakota and Yankton Sioux Arikara Mandan Toussaint Charbonneau Sacagawea Shoshone Zebulon Pike AdamsOnis Treaty Northwest Indian War quotMadquot Anthony Wayne Battle of the Fallen Timber Treaty of Greenville Tecumseh Tenskwatawa South Seas Exploring Expedition Charles Wilkes