Conflicts for the US
Conflicts for the US HY 325-001
Popular in US World Power to 1898
Popular in History
This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Erica Kugler on Friday October 2, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HY 325-001 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Dr. Steinbock-Pratt in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 49 views. For similar materials see US World Power to 1898 in History at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.
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Date Created: 10/02/15
Conflicts for the US as a New Nation issue what type of foreign policy would the US develop toward Britain and France 0 Le Who to ally with Even after the Revolution Britain still had military posts in the Northwest Territory 0 This disrupted US trade out west To avoid war it Britain Washington sent John Jay to England to work out a treaty 0 June 1795 Jay s Treaty I Meant to ease tension between the US and Great Britain and reach a compromise on Britain s presence in the Northwest Territory I Seen by DemocraticRepublicans as being too proBritish 0 Many DemocraticRepublicans protested the Treaty and burned effigies ofJay 1796 Washington declined to have a third presidential term so John Adams became president with Thomas Jefferson as his Vice President 0 Washington s Farewell Address I Continue to trade with Europe and do not fall into isolation I Avoid entangling alliances with European powers I Avoid domestic factionalism avoid divisive political parties US and France 0 France was upset because of Jay s Treaty 0 Thought the US was getting too close to Britain 0 US refused to pay back debt to France that it had incurred during the Am Rev 0 Federalists proBritish were pressuring Adams to declare war on France 0 Adams pursued a path of nonaggression 0 17905 QuasiWar between US and France undeclared naval war 0 1796 France decreed that trade ships from neutral countries that traded with Britain would be seized 0 France rejected the US envoy that was sent over to protest the decree o 1797 another US delegation sent to France I France said that it would only meet with the delegates if they provided monetary compensation ie a bribe 0 US refused and this event became known as the quotXYZ Affair o 1799 a new delegation was sent to France gt managed to diffuse the situation and avoid a full out war undeclared Quasi War still going on Barbary Wars 0 1st overseas war for the US 0 US vs Tripoli Algeria other North African states 0 Barbary states operated via piracy 0 Since independent the US didn t have Britain s naval protection 0 Therefore US trade ships were attacked seized and held for ransom 0 Pirates would make other nations pay a tribute to avoid being attacked 0 However the Barbary pirates kept on pirating even after tribute payments were made 0 1800 Thomas Jefferson elected president 0 Jefferson was adamant about stopping the tribute system 0 Tripoli demanded a tribute payment gt TJ refused gt war bwn Tripoli and US breaks out I 1805 Battle of Derne gt US victory I US won this war 0 1807 Algeria starts to threaten US shipping gt leads to 2quot l Barbary War 0 US wins and tribute system ends Great Britain 0 1807 Great Britain and France on verge of war so they blockaded each other 0 1807 Great Britain fired on the USS Chesapeake and impressed its sailors o Impressment force sailors into British Royal Navy 0 1807 Great Britain said that US ships trading with France had to stop in Britain first to be inspected and receive a license 0 France responds by saying any US that gets inspected and licensed in Britain will be seized 0 US not happy with Britain nor France so it tries an embargo policy fails o Macon s Bill 2 0 US would reopen trade with whichever country is the first to recognize the US s sea trade rights I The US would trade with that country and blockade the other country 0 1811 France agrees to MBZ I Because France was willing to recognize US s rights to sea and Britain wasn t US public and political opinion began to turn against Britain 0 James Madison president 0 Pushed for war with Britain but Federalists were worried about the effects that a war with Britain would have on New England s economy since it relied on shipping and trade 0 Britain declares that any US ship trading with France would be seized and its sailors impressed 0 US upset and declares war War of 1812 discussed later on Native Americans 0 Tecumseh o Shawnee leader 0 Fought in Battle of Fallen Timbers o Upset wUS encroachment onto Native s land in the Northwest Territory 0 Brother Tenskwatawa The Prophet I ProNative way of life I Rejected EuropeanAmerican influences no Western dresslifestyle William Henry Harrison 0 Governor of Indiana Territory 0 Looking to acquire more land for his Territory to attract more settlers I Large population faster avenue to statehood 1809 Treaty of Fort Wayne 0 Some Native groups sold off their land in the West 0 Tecumseh upset 1810 Harrison and Tecumseh meet to discuss the situation 0 Tecumseh threatens to form an alliance wBritain to fight encroachment o Tecumseh tried to form a panNative alliance I Mostly failed but he did set the Red Sticks on his side Tenskwatawa begins to arm whelp from Britain Tecumseh s War 1811 o American s marched to Prophetstown to stop the Natives from arming 0 Led to Battle of Tippecanoe gt Harrison was war hero US victory 0 US won the war War of 1812 18121815 US upset with British impressment and Britain s role in arming the Natives US war aims 0 Free trade on the sea and rights of sailors o Expel British from America all areas except Canada 0 Pacify the Natives for US expansion westward Britain was still fighting the Napoleonic Wars when this war broke out so it was distracted at the beginning of the war 0 Because of this Britain allied with Natives like Tecumseh for more man power Overall US army was small and untrained Fighting mainly occurred in the Northwest Territory and along the Canadian border US attempted a 3 pronged attack of Canada 0 Managed to invade and sack York 0 1813 Battle of Thames gt Tecumseh killed I Death of Tecumseh death of panNative alliance to fight off Americans 1814 Battle of Horseshoe Bend gt defeat of the Red Sticks 1814 British forces invaded and burned Washington DC 1814 Battle of Fort McHenry gt US victory inspired The Star Spangled Banner War goes to a stalemate December 1814 Treaty of Ghent I Britain promised to evacuate from America I Both sides pledged peace w Natives I Hammered out the CanadaUS border I No mention of impressmentsailors rights OOOOO 0 January 1815 Battle of New Orleans British invaded New Orleans US army led by General Andrew Jackson who defeated the British Led to high US nationalism Battle fought after the signing of the Treaty but people in America didn t know that so this victory made people think that the US won the war 0 Legacies of the war Key Words 0 Jay s Treaty 0 John Adams 0 QuasiWar o XYZ Affair Andrew Jackson seen as a war hero and signaled the start of his political career End of first 2party system in US as the Federalists die out o DemocraticRepublicans left gt ushers in quotEra of Good Feelings under President Monroe 0 Era of Good Feelings less political division and partisanship 2ncl Barbary War was occurring during this war 0 US won that war and tribute system ended US gained more prestige on the international stage Nationalism for Canada and beginning of its emergence as a nation 0 Cling to fact that it was able to burn Washington Natives negative impacted o In SE Natives ceded land to US 0 Creeks and Red Sticks punished o Treaties wtribes est reservations east of Mississippi 0 Native gave the land they were currently on to the US and in return got new land further west 0 Lost Great Britain as an ally as Britain pushed out of America via the Treaty of Ghent 0 1st Barbary War 2ncl Barbary War 0 Battle of Derna o Macon s Bill 2 0 James Madison 0 Impressment o Tecumseh Tenskawana o Prophetstown 0 William Henry Harrison 0 Treaty of Fort Wayne Battle of Tippecanoe Battle of the Thames Red Sticks Battle of Horseshoe Bend Treaty of Ghent Battle of New Orleans Andrew Jackson Era of Good Feelings
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