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by: Danielle Ham
Danielle Ham
history of civilization
Mylynka Cardona

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history of civilization
Mylynka Cardona
Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Danielle Ham on Friday October 2, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to 2301 at University of Texas at Arlington taught by Mylynka Cardona in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 78 views. For similar materials see history of civilization in History at University of Texas at Arlington.


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Date Created: 10/02/15
HIST 2301 929 Ancient Egypt and Religion Ramesses II quotthe Greatquot 0 Most powerful Pharaoh o Attempted to regain lost territory from Akhenaten 0 Great builder and Nubia military excursions Hittites IndoEuropean speaking people in Anatolia modern day turkey O 0 Masters of chariot warfare Manufactured and developed Iron Battle of Kadesh 1274 BCE O O 0 Between Hittites and Egyptians Largest chariot battle ever fought 6000 Earliest battle in recorded history Nubia and the kingdom of the Kush O O Nubia meant black like the people inhabited and gold like the mineral found there Ramesses takes it over Egyptian and Nubian religions are combined Peoples of the Mediterranean The sea people 0 Seafaring slave raiders and mercenaries The Phoenicians O O O 0 Trading culture tyrian purple powder redpurple dye from sea snails It was expensive and usually only royalty could afford it Purple roya On coastal part of fertile crescent Organized by city states Spread the alphabet Phoenician phonics Nonpictographic or abjad Symbols reps consonants symbols reps sounds Leads to writing Widely used script The ancestor of most writing systems used today Writing history Religion in Antiquity Theism belief that gods are personal present and active in governing the world Polytheism spirits are divided into celestial heaven and chthonic hell Similar to humans but with super abilities Monotheism Pantheism Deism Atheism Agnosticism Nontheistic religions Egyptian pantheon o Maat ancient Egyptian concept of order and morality 0 Egyptian gods create world to restore balancemaat Myth of Osiris big guy 0 Murdered by brother Set and he takes his thrown o Osiris39 wife lrislsis restores his body and conceived son Horace horoscope Egyptian book of the dead 0 Book of spells o A guidebook through levels of the underworld o Buried with the deceased o 3 components Body preservation Description of afterlife Judgment of soul Preservation of the body mummi cation 0 Take brain out through nose Wrapped Disembowel and put parts in separate canopic jars Makes into ideal form for afterlife Heart is protected and replaced with heart shaped jewel in body The KA lifeforcespirit food wine slaves etc It stayed in the tomb to sustain life force into afterlife The afterlife quotfield of Reedsquot o Lush and plentiful yet still had to work 0 Rich were buried with shabti a statue that did your work for you in the afterlife Judgment weighing of the heart 0 Deceased led by Anubis god 0 Swear to not have had sinned 0 Heart is placed on scale and weighed against a feathermaat o If heart was balanced with maat Osiris placed person39 Ka in the afterlife o If heart was heavy Ammit the devourer eats heart and the persons Ka exists no more 00000


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