AHI 188 Week 2 Notes (Sept.29/Oct.1)
AHI 188 Week 2 Notes (Sept.29/Oct.1) AHI 188A
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Denise Kaira Marquez on Saturday October 3, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to AHI 188A at University of California - Davis taught by Diana Strazdez in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 58 views. For similar materials see The American Home in Art History at University of California - Davis.
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Date Created: 10/03/15
Notes to go With AHI 188 lecture slides The number on the left corresponds to the slide numberThese are additional notes about the pictures and do not include information that is already written on her slides September 29 2015 Side 2 The Four Areas to Analyze in addition to the info on the following numbers 1 Get a sense of the house s general surroundings the path to get to the house does it have barriers around it is it in a valley what does it say about it s historical value 2 Change from region to region across time what is it made of plentiful material or rare material where do you get this building material how simple or complicated it was to make this shape a wing what arrangement 3 How is it organized usually means looking at a plan of the house What does it have for protection something that divides the interior to the exterior walls how does it let light in windows entrance amp exit get a sense of how these relate to one another are these spaces big or small how many be aware of where these are amp the size of them will tell you a huge amount Slide 3 Four Questions to Consider A Anything that is made by humans have a purpose amp meaning with all of the choices that needed to be made There are messages Who is this intended for how visible are they B Who sees amp uses this space C Do you spend your extra money on extra windows or a garden Slide 4 Monticello About 6 square miles These two farmlands grew the same crops They also used low pay or no servants Jefferson staffed 130 slaves who served every aspect of the estate HaciendaBoth are farm houses of a giant estate Oddly enough these two buildings were finished 5 years apart The states in which they are situated are also very similar 5 square miles Had wage laborers from the Indians Both of these houses were meant to make a statement amp relate to a colonial setting Neither sprung fully formed amp both were meant to be important structures Slide 6 1 Visibility it s white made to look like it was marble 3 not very accessible There are no nearby rivers Here Thomas Jefferson chooses a mountain top He makes it look like a tiny house This location also begs the question who s going to get therequot Slide 8 Much greater expense A lot of the building has windows amp lets light in These glass were IMPORTED showing effort that pops out Slide 10 Small dainty amp exquisite amp to show his knowledge You also notice the incredible refinements of life that presumably go on inside Slide 11 Materials are different Burlington s house who visited it said how tiny it was but it looks pretty big compared to that of Monticello It was also lifted off the ground Iefferson rejected those things by incorporating the servants quarters as Burlington did underneath Iefferson tried to make the white orientation take the role of the refinement although he is using the common material Slide 16 Used for dining with guests You can see this room has a lot of expense You can see how it relates to the service areas of the house dependencies the lower U full of work rooms Slide 18 See the difference in rhetoric No sign of food preparation in the dining table They are made to magically appear in the dining room The fireplace had dumbwaiters So you don t even see a procession of servants coming with different food It s like magic It just appears It seems strange Slide 20 It suggests that there s something about tea with social significance Slide 23 This is a house that is large but meant to be practical amp have been made relatively inexpensively It looks like a Spanish building Slide 24 Double doors for people amp then a carriage to go to Slide 25 Organized in a way that was typical during medieval times in Europe amp even in Spain It was built with a protection around a courtyard Setting had to do with where he could find a good well All of the housework necessary takes place inside this dwelling including the getting of water cooking etc They are covered partially Many have little fireplaces Slide 26 We know this was the kitchen with cooking equipment 2 fireplaces Slide 27 Protective storage for carriages Very large well October 1 2015 Slide 2 Spoke Spanish Swedish in Delaware Dutch in NY Follow the Hudson River French who followed the St Lawrence River amp later in 1870 in the MI Riv Slide 3 The settlements in VA came first in Jamestown The portrait tells us something about the nature of the settlement Smith was a military man who desired to create lasting settlements Monetary settlements Winthrop gesture as a vow glove gesture of purity He was a minister Religious colony BIG DIFFERENCE Slide 4 47 colonies founded soon after Iamestown Bottom area was constantly losing people due to malaria so population never really grew All of the little areas were loaded with shellfish clam amp resident Indians who like to harvest Slide 5 Generally Ireland made fortifications If there were any danger Indians or Kelts everyone could run inside the fort and be protected Indians were a threat to various activities in amp around Iamestown Slide 6 Built out of mud brick Very easy to make a chimney out of lumber amp you put mud brick around it Lumber also makes these buildings easy to burn down Slide 7 Almost none of them survived to this day because they were built with wood Looked much like left layout Generally a dwelling then a kitchen sometimes attached from the house Covered with fatcht amp later on tiles pointed roof amp chimneys at the ends of houses Exterior covered with clab boards amp left airtight Uses up wood Takes longer to makeTrees are only so high so if you re using lumber to frame it you re limited to the length of the tree Sometimes clay was put there with the wood to allow the house to be built quickly All of this would rot because of termites Slide 8 Puritan settlements LimeBoston PurplePlymouth They left London The King was happy to let these people go because these Puritans were developing amp growing Slide 9 Made huts out of bark amp twigs amp oiled paper instead of having a window Or made out of small branches amp a fatch Slide 10 These were either abandoned or burned down Overall it turned out that New England with colder winter was safer Although there was malaria breakout Slide 1 1 Inside there would be a village of tiny houses amp everyone has their own little plot of cultivated land Sign of substance farming to raise crops no desire to export huge commodities Slide 12 Winthropwas a minister theorist Many people could write amp left literate history for us The importance here is the minister of this town who wanted the cultivated fields around the church region amp expected people who have invested in large estates to be on the periphery Slide 13 No house without a plot of land Define property by having more people showing the animals rather than the house Slide 14 These people came with carpenters This architecture made use of pitch roofs steep Chimneys were often in the center of houses Houses in England had two big differences even though the way you built it was the same Glass was more scarce in New England amp had to be imported Slide 17 The way these parts were put together had to be hand carved As this piece of wood would swell these joints were very sturdy Slide 18 Little sticks would weave together Half timber house plus plaster amp leave the beams exposed In New England they would cover these with clap board amp then nail it to the frame of the house Slide 20 Larger cities with wealthier citizens Iudges etc Houses with 3 stories rather than 2 stories Also had an attic enlarged home Slide 2 1 Sometimes these homes had a front door amp chimney to the side amp if you wanted you would reserve an opportunity to build on the opposite side of the chimney Eating place quothallquot The parlor in the 17th Century is where the head of the household had his bed The Hall is the place people ate amp had their household work If you had an extension you could place the food into a separate room a kitchen sometimes with a bedroom near it with a pantry Baking ovens were sometimes incorporated into the kitchen amp staircase Slide 29 Where all the valuable objects are Painted to some degree Part of English tradition The beams amp ceiling are all painted with coats Very limited amount of furniture in these homes Massive furnitures Slide 3 1 Cupboard held linnens among the most expensive things Made of oak like the construction of houses The massiveness re ects the way they were made by the same carpenters who made these houses