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Week 6 Notes Psych 105

by: Annabelle Hutson

Week 6 Notes Psych 105 Psych 105

Annabelle Hutson
GPA 3.72
Intro to Psych
Johnathan Preszler

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About this Document

These are week 6 notes from Psych 105 with Professor Preszler
Intro to Psych
Johnathan Preszler
Class Notes
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Annabelle Hutson on Saturday October 3, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Psych 105 at Washington State University taught by Johnathan Preszler in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 45 views. For similar materials see Intro to Psych in Psychlogy at Washington State University.


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Date Created: 10/03/15
Week 6 Notes Psych 105 Professor Preszler DAY 1 Freud dreams desires that are not amended during our daily life Any meaning that you assign to an image will often come up in the dream Neurocognitive emphasizing continuity of waking and dreaming cognition cut off from sensory stimuli so we generate our own sensory data unable to control thought processes Sleep Disorders 0 Dyssomnias someone struggles getting the amount of sleep they want and have disruptions in the quality and timing of sleep 0 Parasomnia undesired arousal or action during sleep Dyssomnias 0 Insomnia having trouble sleeping at night Obstructive sleep apnea nasal airway is blocked causing the person to wake up Narcolepsy sleep attacks Cataplexy the sudden loss of control over muscle and bone triggered by sudden motion and intense emotions Parasomnias 0 Brain is partially awake 0 Night Terrors Sleep Terrors 0 When you have intense feelings of being choked falling or crushed 0 Often accompanied by sleep walking 0 Sleep Walking 0 Sometimes can be more complex when people begin preforming tasks like locking or unlocking doors 0 They have no memory of doing this 0 It is fairly common 0 Sleep related eating disorders 0 Sleepwalk and eat compulsively and then have no memory of eating these things 0 Sleep sex 0 Abnormal sexual behavior 0 Often forceful and usually out of character 0 Masturbation Over coming insomnia 0 Monitor intake of caffeine 0 Leave stimulating objects outside the bedroom phone video games Hypno s o Hypnosis is a cooperative social interaction in which the hypnotized person responds to the hypnotist39s suggestions with changes in perception memory and behavior 0 Effects 0 Profound changes in subjective experience of consciousness O Sensory changes Meditation Behavior outside the hypnotic state Post hypnotic suggestion when the hypnotist gives them an idea to hold on to after they39re brought out of hypnosis Posthypnotic amnesia will not last for longer than a week or so Increased confidence in incorrect memories Explaining Hypnosis consciously experiences one stream of mental activity that complies with hypnotist39s suggestion neodissociation theory of hypnosis Hilgard Dissociated stream of mental activity hidden observer processes info that is unavailable to consciousness to hypnotized person Alternative theories Social cognitive theory Suggestibility theories Limits and applications of hypnosis People cannot be hypnotized against their will and preform actions contrary to their morals and values Hypnosis cannot strength physical capabilities or create new talents Hypothesis can help in modifying problematic behaviors Hypnosis can Reduce pain and discomforts of cancer rheumatoid arthritis burn wounds and other chronic conditions Childbirth pain Reduce use of narcotics to relieve postoperative pain Improve concentration motivation and performance of athletes Lessen frequency and severity of asthma attacks Eliminate recurring nightmares Involves a number of sustained concentration techniques that focus attention and heighten awareness O O O 0 Can be used as secular technique Goal of meditation forms is to control or train attention There are focused attention techniques or open monitoring techniques Mediation has been found to Improve concentration perceptual discrimination and attention Increase working memory in American Marines during basic training Improve emotional control and wellbeing Reduces stress and minimizes its physical effects Psychoactive Drugs 0 O O 0 They are chemical substances that can alter arousal mood thinking sensation and perception Broad categories Depressants depress or inhibit brain activity Opiates drugs chemically similar to morphine and that relieve pain and produce euphoria Stimulants drugs that stimulate excite brain activity Psychedelics distort sensory perceptions 0 Physical Dependence gt Drug Tolerance gt Withdrawal Symptoms gt Drug rebound effect gt Drug Abuse gt change in reward circuitry o Addiction involves a condition in which a person feels psychologically and physically compelled to take a specific drug Depressants o Depress or inhibit central nervous system activity 0 Produce drowsiness sedation or sleep 0 Relieve anxiety and lower inhibitions 0 Produce addictive effects 0 Kinds alcohol barbiturates inhalants tranquilizers Alcohol 0 Highest social cost of all addictions o Mild euphoria o Friendliness Opioids 0 Produce feelings of eurphoria o Occupy endorphin receptor sites in the brain mimicking the effects of endorphins Withdrawal 0 Non life threating o Produces unpleasant drug rebounds symptoms DAY 2 o Stimulant drugs increase brain activity while the psychedelic drugs create perceptual O Caffeine promotes wakefulness mental alertness vigilance can causes a faster heart rate and effects sleep patterns 0 Nicotine increases neural activity in many brain areas reduces fatigue or drowsiness reduces appetite they have withdrawal symptoms ofjumpiness drowsiness and anger O Amphetamines produces euphoria elevate mood stimulate the brain activity increasing mental alertness and reducing fatigue can cause a lot of mental problems suppresses appetite O Cocaine produces intense euphoria mental alertness and selfconfidence blocks reuptake of dopamine serotonin and norepinephrine o Psychedelic drugs Mescaline LSD and Marijuana they create profound perceptual distortions alter mood and affect thinking 0 Mescaline derived from peyote cactus O Psilocybin shrooms O LSD synthetic psychedelic drug 0 Mimic serotonin in the brain 0 Very little needed to produce large effects 0 Stimulate serotonin receptor cites 0 Marijuana doesn t really produce hallucinations O THC has been shown to be helpful in several medical treatment 0 Pain Epilepsy Hypertension Nausea especially from chemotherapy Glaucoma and asthma 0 Designer quotclubquot drugs 0 MDMA or Ecstasy emotional euphoria increases a good mood dehydration fast heartbeat tremors depression 0 PCP and Ketamine Special K Learning Learning a process that produces a relatively enduring change in behavior or knowledge as a result of an individual39s experience 0 Adapting to the experience 0 Lifetime process Conditioning basic form of learning process of learning associations between environmental events and behavioral responses 0 Classical how certain stimuli trigger automatic response 0 Operant helps explain how was acquire new voluntary actions Classical Conditioning The process of learning association between stimuli o Unconditioned stimulus natural stimulus that reflexively produces a response without prior learning 0 Unconditioned response unlearned reflexive response 0 Conditioned stimulus o Conditioned response a response based on something that happens 0 Timing affects the strength of the response 0 Frequency of the paired stimuli o Stimulus generalization similar stimulus elicits the conditioned response 0 Higher Order Conditioning procedure in which a conditioned stimulus from one learning trial functions 0 Extinction the process of decline and eventual disappearance of the conditioned response when the conditioned stimulus is repeatedly presented without the conditioned stimulus o Spontaneous recovery when something is unlearned but then training begins again it will be very fast to relearn John Watson 0 Believed psych was on the wrong path 0 Behaviorist view is purely objective 0 Should be the study of behavior not consciousness 0 Everything is a condition reflex except fear rage and love 0 Little Albert the white rat experiment 0 Demonstrated the Pavlov s laws applied to humans too 0 Demonstrated generalization Advertising 0 Affect people39s head like dictating fashion 0 They help define reality Cognitive Aspects of Classical Conditioning 0 Robert Rescorla classical conditioning depends on the information of the CS provides about the UCS


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