Week 6 CLAS 220
Week 6 CLAS 220 CLAS 220 001
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CLAS 220 001
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This 8 page Class Notes was uploaded by Hayley on Saturday October 3, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to CLAS 220 001 at University of South Carolina taught by Jason Osborne in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 36 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Classical Mythology in Classical Studies at University of South Carolina.
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Date Created: 10/03/15
Continue Hippolytus Even among Gods there is a petty jealousy that even humans see 0 Divine response Gods get angry if someone doesn t worship them Hippolytus rejects Aphrodite Aristotle talks about means in life median 0 Help the poor but don t give them your car keys or atm card 0 A middle point between extremes in the way you live life 0 Hippolytus rejects this I Sign of hubris and leads to destruction Divine response always seems heavy handed to Humans ManGod relationship 0 God Killing of one to avenge another is a balance 0 Human Does it make a difference There is no justice between the two Cannot change nature of man and Gods Chaiter 11 Birth Son of Leto and Zeus o Hera not happy about Zeus s affair o Leto searched for a place to give birth to him Represents male strength and moral power Twin of Artemis Born in Delos o No one else would take her 0 Leto told island of Delos they weren t that great and the only thing they had going for them was her bearing a God there Nursed by Themis w ambrosia and nectar Apollo associated with prophecy the lyre music archery Delos Sacred Island where Apollo is born Important temple complex Home of Delian League 0 Anti Persian league of island nation put together by Persians Independent Delphi associated with Delos Foot of MT Parnassus Defeat of the dragon Python o Pytho I rot9 the sun rotting the dragon o Sun destroys dragon associated with Apollo The Omphalos o navel of the World Everything is balanced perfect harmony Aka Apollo Delphinius 0 Turns into dolphin o Cretan priests Pythian Games 0 Athletic and intellectual games I Foot races chariot races musical literary and dramatic presentations 0 Second only to Olympics 0 Honored winner loved it Temple complex 0 Near Athens but doesn t control it 0 International city Delphi 0 Amphictyonic council Greek UN The Oracle 0 Offering sacri ce by inquirer I Has to go through a process prescribed ceremonies D Offer sacred cake on a altar outside of temple D Sacri ce sheep or goat Conduit for the Gods to speak to humanity o Gods speak in own language but don t know process but you have to ask speci c questions 0 Know what they meant after situation hard to understand 0 Make a offering monetary value The Pythia o Prophetess of Apollo 0 Young Virgin I Inquirer fell in love with her and seduced her I From that point mature women could only become priestesses I Regardless of previous life purity was a requirement once they became priestesses 0 Her seat of prophecytripodbowl supported by 3 metal legs 0 Located where she prophesied in the inner sanctuary of the temple called the adyton 0 Book talks about vaporized gases to enhance her experience In class we said Hallucinate and interpretations she is able to talk to gods through hallucinogenic process Ramblings Priest or Prophet o Decode Pythia s ramblings and communicate it to the inquirer Closed in winter 0 Apollo in land of Hyperboreans so Pythia only prophesied for only 9 months of the year 0 In Plato s Apology I Socrates confused 9smartest guy alive obsession with proving the oracle asks why Talks to everyone Finds out they are dumber than him 9 wisest of person is what he knows and what he doesn t Loves of Apollo Attempted affairs Associated with sexual escapades Not as successful as Zeus in them though Cumaean Sibyl o Prophecy o Wants to sleep with her but she wants to hold virtue but is overcome by Apollo and consents and asks for everlasting life not youth but she changes her mind and Apollo doesn t give her the youth 0 Life without youth Cassandra o Priam s daughter Prophecy in vain Important mortal Trojan Apollo falls in love with her and wants to have sex with her She agreed to sleep with him at first so he rewards her with gift of prophecy but changes mind and she refuses his sexual advances I Keeps gift of prophecy but nobody will ever believe her 0 Ovidbook on sex exchange gift for sex get sex first promise the gift then give gift Marpessa o Grandchild of Ares I Daughter of Evenus o Competes with mortal for affection 0 She choses mortal ldas over Apollo because they can spend life together 0 Sacred Apollo would leave her when she grew old Cyrene 0 Athletic nymph o Successfully seduces her has sex and has child Aristaeus Daphne from Ovid o The sacred laurel tree 0 She would rather be a tree than be with Apollo 0 Laurel wreath is symbol of Apollo Hyacinth From Ovid o Spartan youth from Amyclae 5th century a lot more interaction between males 6th century homosexuality is a common theme 0 Apollo neglected his godly duties to spend time with him 0 Killed by discus Apollo throws it so high Hyacinth tries to catch it gets hit in head and dies Cyparissus 0 Male youth from Ceos O O O O 0 Has a beloved pet deer I Likes to throw javelin and accidently hits deer I So sad that he dies and turns into Cyprus D Associated with sadnessmouming Son of Apollo and Coronis 0 She had an affair with Thessalian o Kills her with Arrows 0 She is pregnant with Apollo s child 0 Page 261 God of Healing o Incubation sleeping in holy place I Have a dream or wake up automatically healed or wake up with knowledge of how to heal self I Biggest method of healing in his sanctuaries Trained by Chiron Archetype of doctor Hippocrates Staff with snake on it I Hermes staff with snake caduceus I Asclepius staff can only rightfully be associated with medicalprofessional doctors Musical Contests associated with music Marsyas the satyr lustful beings 0 He challenged Apollo o Flayed alive when Apollo won Pan a god 0 Flute V Lyre 0 King Midas said pan would win I Apollo gave him donkey ears OOOO Cha ter 12 Romans called him mercury Birth From Zeus and Maia Daughter of Atlas and Pleione 9 Hermes from one of Zeus s affairs Found a turtle and made a lyre out of it and teaches Apollo how to play even though he is chief God of lyre Mischievous divine child Nature naturally we recognize him as messenger of Gods Thief rogue o Archetypal trickster 0 God of Thieves and Liars I Clever thief can outsmart I Clever deceptive speaking I His rst deception was stealing Apollo s cows was still an infant Messenger 0 Known from these symbols I Travelers hat I Sandals I Wings I Caduceus herald s wand Role as a creator and crosser of boundaries 0 Youth and adulthood Page 293294 Athenian Herms Sicilian Expedition 415 BC Alcibiades 0 Grand master plan to invade Sicily o Brilliant charming etc 0 People got drunk and knocked all the penis off with hammer but happened on the eve of a greatest military expedition of Athens I Not a good idea kind of saying I hate you gods Statue associated with luck penis o Penis s were sacred 0 All around Athens Hermes Trismegistus Grandchild of Hermes 0 Religious views 0 Neoplatism I All things in nature are connected to the same divine substance I Medicine thing wrong with you associated with deity nd deity associated with plant to heal them I Demonism 9 medicine Hermes and Aphrodite Sexual relationship that produces child 0 Hermaphroditus 0 Beautiful and pure child I Wasn t sexual but noticed by women D Salmacis the nymph was interested in him D Doesn t want anything to do with her D She attacks him he tries to get away but she prays their union will never be broken and they are fused together Hermaphrodite Penis with woman s body Both sexes Chapter 13 Dionysus Pan Echo Narcissus Origin God of Zeus and Semele as his parents 0 Zeus took form of mortal to have affair with Semele she didn t know 0 Hera s wrath I Semele convinces Zeus to grant her anything she wanted I She wants to see him in his divine glory and she is destroyed She burns I Still has child Dionysus D Incubated inside Zeus s thigh and born when ready I lno Semele took care of Dionysus when he was a baby I Page 302 Phrygian o Mycenaean Age 0 Connection with East 0 Associated with Olympian gods but doesn t do a lot Vegetation The vine grape 0 Making Wine Mob fury 0 Drunken state Religious Ecstasy Nature of Dionysus and his worship Religious Ecstasy o Ecstatic spiritual release through music and dance Possession of followers by god 0 Disturbing and not common Ripping apart an animal and eating its raw esh Followers 0 Drinkers o Sexuality o Weirdness o Orgy Male Leader 0 Plays part of Dionysus Bacchae Maenads 0 Essential for understanding nature of Dionysus 0 Female devotees o A play 0 Mortal women who become possessed I Give them self over to possession of god and eat raw esh of animal I Psychotic drugs Maybe Dionysia Festival Fesitival of wine theater 0 Second in importance to panathenaia o 2 Competitions I Tragedy U Trilogy Satyr Play D Goat I Comedy Satyrs Male counterpart to Maenads o Goat association 9 part mananimal 0 Love singing music wine 0 Sexually aggressive I Often chasing maenads I Often see erect penis characteristic of satyrs Sileni Same characteristics of Satyrs 0 Older more lecherous version of satyrs King Midas theme don t give someone what they want accept limitations Capture and return to Dionysus The gift 0 Turn everything he touches into gold 0 Touches child and she turns into gold 0 Cant eat The Cure 0 The river Pactolus I Gift gets taken away I Turns sand of river golden Greek Pan means all associated with all nature A god Similar to satyrs sileni o Horns ear legs of goats Love of Music 0 Creates Panpipe syrinX Lustful Various origin stories 0 Hermes or Apollo o Musician 0 God of Shepherds Honored by Athenians 0 Appearance to Phidippides Shows up in battles 0 He creates Panic o Blowing his horn I Similar to Shield of aegis Narcissus The Beautiful Youth Echo Talkative nymph who loved Narcissus Zeus sleeping with all the nymphs and Echo s job was to distract Hera 0 She nds out she has been tricked and Hera places curse on Echo I Only her voice remains I When we speak an echo talks back to us Narcissus only fell in love with himself 0 O O O 0 Runs away from echo and all other women Nemesis raises up against him Cause him to see his re ection and he falls in love with it Reaches out to it but it draws back Spends the rest of his days looking into puddle at his re ection Destroyed by loved Metamorphosis Change I Transformed into Narcissus ower I Comes from Ovid s story Page 328 Narcissism O O Evident in today s society Someone who really loves themselves
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