Vitamin Chart FDNS 2100
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jessica Lindler on Saturday October 3, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to FDNS 2100 at University of Georgia taught by Barbara M. Grossman in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 84 views. For similar materials see Human Nutrition and Food in Human Development at University of Georgia.
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Date Created: 10/03/15
Travel Water Soluble Vitamins in the blood Excess excreted typically V 3 Risk for toxicity lowermost consume RDA frequently 7 in body Main role in is e Kidney detect and seere Needed in frequent doses i it in a Hit e iJ I to excess urine Vitamin Major F nnetions RDA or Adequate Intake Dietary Source Deficiency SymptOms Toxicity Symptoms Thiamin Vitamin B 1 Coenzyme of energy metabolism 39 i a t l L 1 l i it t integrity 1 12rng rain 7 Whole grains enriched grains gzi39 yquot rquot I 39 f n If x it 39 iilll u L Beri bsrf 39wasting of lower extremities a t a v2 It quot 1 Lawquot edema None Ribo avin Vitamin HZ Coenzyme of energy metabolism 39 it i i LI products enriched grains I meat I 1 7 n I IM 3 I i I i t 1113 mg 1 i Fl of39montb esensitivity to skin rash NUDE Niacin Vitamin B33 niootinio acid rnieotinamide Coenzyrne of energy metabolism node 14 16 mg enriched grains quotnis 3 Mn 1 l L m if 39 39Te madeifrom m siop han i39dennatitis quotdeath Felling if 39 diarrhea y 39 liver damage skin naliing w l w t l I 6 y a i r llw39l Folate folio acid t39olaein Coenzyme involved in if ell synthesis 7 Participates in metabolism of Uri i7an is 4b fng W enriched grains green vegetables a I g tin311V Ink r liver imnaired cell div megaloblastic anemia ilil enral Tube Defeats m ar r r was Masks de ciency symptoms Possible increase r I luau 124 Vitamin B 12 cyanoeobalarnin Participates39in metabolism of tit t Maintains sheath around r1 j New cell synthesis Only L based39foods Forti ed blfast cereals quotNutritional yeast 24 gig I39f folate def too 1 Megaloblastic anemia 3911 only BIZ def Pernieious anemia IPoor averse None Vitamin B 6 py doxal 39pyridoxine and pytidoxatnine amino acid metabolism fat metabolism 39 makes l y l L39 v it I L I 39 Neurotran miner synthesrs I meat 39 fit re bananas Rashes scaly skin quotanemia 39 nerve damage vdepressionfoonfusion I i a wry quotg r 39i Biotin Sulfurcontaming vitamin 39 Coenzyme of oarb fat and protein metabolism 7 wides39pread in foods 39ess yolks l in 39 I I ii If i m or r muscle Dfatiigue unknown Pantothenie Acid Cotenzyme of energy metabolism Involved in synthesis of39many compounds 7 widespread in foods I Emirf 5mg nalltile gnains In LP 7 ils39i it if quotthisquot is grati uel apathy None Vitamin C ascorbic acid j IH39elps 39Antioxidant Mitt n a 7 7 synthesis absorption v Supports immune system Ioitrus fruits a All at kn rq 1 hr 5 veggies L Ii 39da39rl green veggies 75 x 90 mg Scurvy poor womrii healing I 1quot l 39l J i39l 439 3 L I r 39 l frequent intentions pbleeding La interferes with quot11311363 diarrhea medications 7 Note As of January 1993 all enriched grain nrodnetsfbreaidride pasta ef tEJin the US have been forti ed with folate Will be ofspeeial bene t to Ire nant women and the elderly r IF intrinsic Factor secreted by the stomach for absorption of Vii Bl2 FatSoluble Vitamins TTHPPECI in 03115 SSOCiated39Withriijt i Likelyr to remain in the body for long periods of time Many require a or m l rquot for transport Le Litea ti i Require l trig 39 for absorption Can eat less than for periods of time if stores are high need if r i gm 5 doses Likely to reach tome levels when consumed in excess as arti A Vitamin Major Funetions RDA or Dietary Deficiency Toxicity Adequate Sonree Symptoms Symptoms r Intake 7 Vitamin A Promotes ti r 700900 11g 7 Vitamin A lit Blindness ril Promote cell division La 7 Xer0phthalmia malformations 39Reproduc ti on Fortified iiKeratinjzation Liver failure Antioxidant 39 cheese Poor growth 39 tit uni 3 Provitamin A Supports system or quotprecursor f Promotes grth quotBetacarotene ii Beta earotene u r regulation Spinach D Sweet potatoes 39 ti 1 or s are PM not om l a of MEL iii Cl 1 is if t t1 t7 lipmt ct lungs 39om l i i T11 grail helpslimmune function source eating too many 7 finite and veggies Vitamin D Promots blood it 7 15 pg Only animalbased si39milar to calcitnn Calciun1 deposits Cholecalcit39erol levels foods de ciency in soft tissues i 600 39 Forti ed r iii e r in Kidney damage Synthesizedin Many target tissues for egg yolk children the body by Vitamin D liver I it at our 739 if i 1 i rir t F s in adults Most likely y quotaposure vitamin to Is a hormone become tonic Vitamin E l Antioxidant 15 mg 7 V eetable oils Not common Not common tocophejrol fprotects Vitamin Aand or tocopherol hm U Nuf tf JE Hemorrhage unsaturated fatty acids Whole grains degeneration bleeding array decrease39risk of Breaking of Vitamin K 39 r quot quotfit 9 I v 1 I phylloquinone eymheas of 9 menaquinona proteins menadione 933120 trig Leafy green veggies 39 Lin t 3 t hemorrhaging JCabbage type veggies v skeletal weakness Not common 39 Reduced effectiveness of antielottin meds d at H l or iRBC breaking Abbreviations IU international units p g z micrograms mg milligrams REC red blood cells Vitamin D Promotes blood levels if calcium in the body by 1 increasing calcium absorption from the GI tract 2 increasing calcimn retention iirom the kidneys 3 increasing calcium withdrawal from bones if Erik Ir quot Fig5 1 vitalitll 1r 5 ti iii iquotquotquoti