Week VI: Rousseau
Week VI: Rousseau POL S 201
Popular in Introduction to Political Theory
POL S 201
verified elite notetaker
Popular in Political Science
verified elite notetaker
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Anthony Johnson on Saturday October 3, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to POL S 201 at University of Cincinnati taught by Christine DeStefano in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 70 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Political Theory in Political Science at University of Cincinnati.
Reviews for Week VI: Rousseau
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 10/03/15
Week VI Rousseau I Personal Life Gives his children away to the French adoption system Adopts Amil as a human experiment to test his theories 0 Music humanities arts and literature Rousseau and the Geneva Emergence of Geneva out of Catholics wars Calvin s theological development 0 Breaks entirely from traditional values 0 Based solely upon scripture 0 Establishment of a new city People bound entirely by a constitution Flees to England becomes rather paranoid Converts to Catholicism when eeing to France Dies in France 1756 Republic governed by all free male citizens wealthy families The Second Discourse Dedicated to the city of Geneva 0 About its temperate climate 0 Appropriate size 0 Virtue of women 0 Overall glori cation Response to prompt concerning the explanation of equality Rousseau and the Enlightenment Reason and Decline 0 Human Nature is not xed always changing o Responsive to the conditions humans nd themselves in o Farther from the State of Nature the worse we become From simple pureminded beings To complicated competitive and con icting ideals Perfectibility establishes civilpolitical relationships Romanticism 0 First to claim that human progress made is not in fact progression 0 Firm belief that humans have room to improve Human Nature and the State of Nature Critique of Hobbes Locke and others 0 Objects the way in which they explain Human Nature 0 Humans continuously saddled by the lies originating from improvements 0 Con ict in Hobbes s work arises only from humans who experience society State of War Hobbes is a consequence thereof 0 Spontaneous order among humans Rannal Knowing right from wrong State of Nature can be governed by coherent Natural Law Human NatureState of Nature as Tools not Facts 0 Describes a more radical State of Nature 0 quotHypothetical in conditionquot An effort to imagine what humans would be like in pre society Clari es the details of what society really is Concerned with describing the present rather than the past Equality and SelfSufficiency No Reason No Society No Morality Perfect Freedom SelfPreservation Pity 39Perfectibility Human Nature is Malleable Society Property and The Loss of Freedom Early Society 0 Comparisons 0 Leisure and Comort Dependency Rousseaull Human Nature The State of Nature and Dependency in Rousseau The Social Contract The Quest for Good Society 0 Social contract as a palimpsest Based on his diagnosis of the problems with human society in the State of Nature Not a complete answer to the problem of society No clear translation between practice and theory 0 Different from Locke and Hobbes They responded to real world issues 0 English Civil War 0 Industrialization o Enlightenment Perceived in Geneva as an insult Caused him to renounce his citizenship Adopted as a handbook for an assault on government 0 Both liberal and radical Interpreted support for totalitarianism democratic and fascism likewise Man is supposed to be freed via the social contract Agreement alone is what makes a gov t legitimate A combined society grants right to rule Freedom consists not in the absence of constraint Pursuing one s best interest is real freedom 0 Argues that it is the general Will of the society The Problem Dependency The Answer quotForced to Be Freequot 0 Positive Freedom Revisited Freedom to participate in a society Ability to rule and be ruled 0 Freedom from internal restraint Freedom from versus freedom to o X is free from Y to do or become Z Sovereignty and General Will 0 Total submission equals total freedom Submitting to the General Will 0 This entity becomes and unconstrained Sovereign Drop of water analogy 0 Equal authors of The Law Forming the Social Contract 0 We give up everything we get back everything 0 Unity of quotthe peoplequot General v Particular Will How do we know the General Will 0 Legislator o Shaping quotthe peoplequot in shaping human nature Mores Education Every attribute in service of cresting the people 0 Virtue Total Authority and Total Freedom
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'